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A presentation by JC International Ltd.

Lifting Operations and lifting Equipment
HSE Perspective.
JC International
To be discussed in this meeting are:

1. Safe system of work as it relates to lifting operations.

2. Safety requirements of RCI/L Calibration.
3. Requirements of Cranes for Man riding Operations.
4. Winches Inspection.
5. Pad eyes Inspection.
6. Cargo Handling Operations.
SSOW as it relate lifting operations.

HASAW Requirements.
Before the commencement of any lifting operation
there should be in place a safe system of work. This is
to be established and followed for every lifting
operation whether for an individual lift or a group of
repetitive operations
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

The safe system of work should include:-

Planning of the operation
Selection, provision and use of suitable equipment
Maintenance, examination and testing of equipment
Properly trained and competent personnel
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

Adequate and competent supervision

All necessary certificates and documents
The authority to ensure that the system will be
Preventing unauthorised movement in the area
The safety of persons not involved in the lifting
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

The lifting operation should be taken to include any

necessary preparation of the site
The removal and storage of the equipment following the
finish of work
The effective communication to all parties of the
requirements before, during and after the lift
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

Job Site Considerations

The handling, setting and erection of materials and
equipment is a hazardous occupation.
Each operation presents its own peculiar problems and
no two jobs are alike.
With proper consideration taken, each job can be
performed free of bodily harm to the employee and
without damage to the equipment.
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

The person authorized and qualified to do slinging

must always pay close attention to details.
One careless moment or act can result in serious injury
or death and tremendous property damage.
Proper slinging is an art and should never be left to the
inexperienced. If you dont know how to do it properly,
then dont attempt it.
Discuss M.F implications in slinging operations.
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

Equipment Selections.

Very rarely does the average worker on a

construction/installation site get the opportunity to
actually pick the equipment.
It is normally purchased by a supervisor, the Company
Purchasing Department or it is sent out from another
This in itself can create serious problems.
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

The slinging capacity and the material to be lifted must

match. Using slings or components with insufficient
capacity is just asking for an accident to happen.
1.Who is the person responsible for the slinging?
2.Who is responsible for the selection of slings?
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

Is the Equipment in Acceptable Condition?

a. Of Appropriate Type?
b. Is There Proper Identification?
c. Has It Been Properly Inspected?
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

3. Are the Working Load Limits Adequate?

a. What is the weight of the load?
b. Where is the center of gravity?
c. What is the sling angle?
d. Will there be side loading?
e. Capacity of the gear?
SSOW as it relate lifting operations contd.

5. Are there any Unusual Loading or Environmental

a. Wind?
b. Temperature?
c. Surfaces? (Ice, Water)
d. Unstable Object(s)?
Safety requirements of RCI/L.

Warning of approach to SWL. The warning shall

commence at not less than 90 % of the SWL and at not
Crane RCL more than 97.5 % of the SWL.
Warning of overload. The ASLl shall give a clear and
continuous warning of overload. The warning shall
commence at not less than 102.5 % of the SWL and at
not more than 110 % of the SWL.

Tolerances of indication:
Proximity to safe working load , Load radius and
Boom Angle.
The accuracy of indication shall be within +- 5 % when
all the load suspended from the crane is equal to the
safe working load.
Requirements of Cranes for lifting persons
and suspended baskets.

Cranes and other equipment that are used to lift persons and the
personnel carrier should either be

thoroughly examined at least every 6 months or in accordance

with a written scheme of thorough examination.

Check that the crane has an RCI/L with an appropriate duty for
personnel lifting (i.e. half the rated

capacity for lifting other loads).

Cranes for lifting persons and suspended
baskets contd.

Check that the crane is equipped with a motion control

system that brings motion to rest automatically when the
controls are released.

Check that the crane is equipped with an appropriate

anemometer or other device to monitor in-service wind

NOTE This is intended to ensure that personnel carriers

are not used in wind speeds in excess of 7 m/s. 36
Cranes for lifting persons and suspended
baskets contd.

Check that any crane equipped with a winch has power

lowering. Cranes with free-fall ability should not be used
to lower and raise persons unless the free-fall facility has
been locked out.

Check that load bearing hydraulic cylinders are fitted

with load hold valves (over-centre valves) to stop
movement in case of hose rupture or pipe fracture.
Cranes only equipped with simple check or hose rupture
valves should not be used for the lifting of persons.
Cranes for lifting persons and suspended
baskets contd.

Carry out a functional check to determine whether the

crane control system is able to provide a smooth
transition of the carrier. The control should be such that
the carrier can proceed gently and the working speed
should not exceed 0.5 m/s on all motions.

Check that means are provided so that if the power

supply or control system fails, the carrier can be
positioned to enable access/egress without risk.
Cranes for lifting persons and suspended
baskets contd.

Measure the wire rope used for hoisting and lowering the
carrier. The wire rope should have a diameter of at least
8 mm.

On the report of thorough examination state that the

crane and carrier have been thoroughly examined for the
purpose of lifting persons.

Crane wire rope integrity check.
A Case Study.
Winches Inspection.

Check for-

Markings of serial number,

Safe working load

Examine all mounting bolts and fixings for security and correct
tensile grade.

Examine all welded mounting structures and tie down plates.

Winch Inspection contd

Examine all air connections and fittings for condition and

integrity. Pay particular attention to brake control lines.
Examine control lever/system for freedom of movement and
that lever returns to neutral position on release and that the
direction of operation is clearly marked.

Winch Inspection contd

If air winch is for man riding purposes ensure

that it is of an approved design and clearly
marked for man riding purpose, proof load
applied. Examine winch wire for correct factor
of safety for man riding purposes.
A slack detector.

If winch is fitted with limit switches a full

check should be carried out to verify
satisfactory operation and settings are
correct. This should be done by actual
operation of winch through all functions both
hoisting and lowering.

Pad eyes Inspection.


BS 2573 Part 1.

DNV 2.22: Certification for

Pad eyes Inspection contd

DNV 2.22 Requirements:

Load testing of Brackets/Lugs/Padeyes:
Where load testing of lifting brackets/lugs are required
the testing
shall be carried out according to the following:
Safe Working Load Test Load
Up to 20 tonnes 1.25 SWL
20 50 tonnes, 5 tonnes +
Pad eyes Inspection contd.

Examine the profile of the pad eye, ensure

that all flame cutting marks have been
ground smooth to avoid creating possible
stress areas and injury to operate hands.

Examine the pad eye for soundness of

structure, wear and deformation.

Ensure the lifting/suspension hole has

been either drilled or machined (flame cut
holes are not acceptable), examine for

Pad eyes Inspection contd

Ensure that hole diameter and pad

eye width are compatible with the
appropriate safe working load
shackle, hole should be pin
diameter + 10%, width should be
jaw gap + 10%.

Examine welded and surrounding

areas for cracks, deformation and
distortion and surrounding structure
is satisfactory for purpose.
Pad eyes Inspection contd

In the case of bolt on pad eyes,

examine the attached steelwork for
any distortion, ensure that bolts or
fasteners are properly fitted, secure
and are not stretched, deformed or

Pad eyes designed for angular pulls

often have torque values for bolting to
prevent slippage, ensure that these
are tightened to the correct torque
Pad eyes Inspection contd


a)If the pad eye hole diameter is to large, the

shackle pin could
possible over stress the pad eye due to point

b)If the pad eye is too narrow, the shackle could

sit askew and
consequently be subjected to stress other than
Cargo Handling-CCU Design standards

Safe Cargo Handling

Cargo Handling Operations- Overview


Categorization and planning

Supervision of the lifting operations

Competence and training: effect of included angle on sling

Cargo Handling contd.

Cargo Handling Operations- General Precautions

Pre use checks
Use of shackles
Attaching and Lifting loads
Weather considerations
Lifting CCUs
Cargo Handling contd.

Cargo Handling
Operations- Thorough
Compliance with

Periods between

Man riding equipment

Inspection of equipment
Thank You for Listening.