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Presented by

Sohail Maqsood
2010-CE-50
Group C
Presented To
Engr. Tahir Sultan
Falling Sphere
Viscometer
Contents of Presentation
Introduction to Viscosity and
Viscometer
Principle of Viscometer (FSV)
Apparatus, Accessories and Material
Working with Viscometer
Contents of Presentation
Introduction to Viscosity and
Viscometer
Principle of Viscometer (FSV)
Apparatus, Accessories and Material
Working with Viscometer
What is Viscosity?
Viscosity may be defined as
Internal shear resistance between the layers of
fluid
Property of liquid which controls the rate of
flow.

The unit of viscosity is Poise.


1 poise = dyne . sec
cm2
= 0.1 N . s
m2
Viscometers
For Measuring the viscosity we use
following types of viscometers.
Tube type viscometer
Rotational type viscometer
Falling sphere viscometer

Exact Procedures for viscosity


determinations are available in the
standards of the American Standards
for Testing Material (ASTM).
Falling Sphere Viscometer
by Hoppler
Contents of Presentation
Introduction to Viscosity and
Viscometer
Principle of Viscometer (FSV)
Apparatus, Accessories and Material
Working with Viscometer
Principle of Falling Ball
Viscometer
It tells the viscosity of liquid by
measuring the rate of fall of small
balls.
When the ball move through
viscometer, then forces acting on the
ball are
Gravitational Force (mg)
Buoyant Force (FB)
Viscous Force (FV)
The sum of all above forces must be equal to
Principle of Falling Ball
Viscometer
Contents of Presentation
Introduction to Viscosity and
Viscometer
Principle of Viscometer (FSV)
Apparatus, Accessories and Materials
Working with Viscometer
Apparatus, Accessories
and Material
Falling sphere viscometer (FSV)
Set of balls
Thermometer
Stop watch
Hydrometer
Liquids
Cotton or Cork
Apparatus, Accessories
and Material

Falling Sphere Viscometer


Balls
Apparatus, Accessories
and Material

Stop Watch
Hydrometer
Contents of Presentation
Introduction to Viscosity and
Viscometer
Principle of Viscometer (FSV)
Apparatus, Accessories and Materials
Working with Viscometer
Working with Viscometer
Procedure
1. Fill the Viscometer with particular liquid.
2. A small amount of cotton wool is placed in the
top of the capillary tube if the tube is left full for
any length of time.
3. Use three balls of different diameter with each
liquid (sizes are 1.59mm, 2.38mm, 3.175mm).
Put them into viscometer and measure the time
of fall of balls.
4. Using the hydrometer, obtain the specific
gravity of each liquid.
Working with Viscometer
Calculation
Viscosity of Liquid = = 2 r2 g (b - f)
9u
Where r = Radius of sphere
g = Acceleration due to gravity
b = Density of ball (for steel 7850 kg/m3)
f = Density of fluid
u = Mean velocity of fall

u = Distance through which ball falls = 0.075 m/s


Average time t
Do you have any question?