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MAHAYANA BUDDHISM

Mahayana Buddhism is not a single group but a collection of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana embraces a wider variety of
practices, has a more mythological view of what a Buddha is, and addresses broader philosophical issues. Ultimate aim of
Mahayana is spiritual upliftment.
FOUNDER:
Acharya nagarjuna
ORIGINS OF MAHAYANA
Mahayana Buddhism emerged in the first century CE as a more accessible interpretation of Buddhism
FOLLOWERS OF MAHAYANA
The Mahyna tradition is the largest major tradition of Buddhism existing today, with 53.2% of practitioners, compared to
35.8% for Theravada and 5.7% for Vajrayana in 2010.
WHAT MAHAYANA BUDDHISTS BELIEVE?
Mahayana Buddhists teach that enlightenment can be attained in a single lifetime, and this can be accomplished even by a
layperson
Mahayana proclaims the right of every being to be capable of attaining enlightment with the help of bodhisattva
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA .
A Hinayana is a lesser vehicle while a Mahayana is a Great vehicle.
Mahayana Buddhists believe that The Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) is a God but Hinayana Buddhists believe that The
Buddha was an ordinary Human.
Mahayana Buddhists all help others to reach Nirvana before they do because they think it is better to help other people reach
nirvana than to reach nirvana for yourself.
SIMILARITY BETWEEN MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA
Both adopt one and the same Vinaya, and they have in common the prohibitions of the five offenses, and also the practice of
the Four Noble Truths.
PLACES OF WORSHIP
main feature of Mahayana Buddhism is the presence of stupas religious towers or domes which evolved from
prehistoric burial mounds and eventually had tall spires known as pagodas, common structures found throughout Asia. The
Buddha instructed that on his death a stupa should be constructed over his relics.
RITUALS AND PRACTICES OF MAHAYANA BUDDHISTS:
Meditation - Mental concentration and mindfulness Mantras - Sacred sounds Mudras - Symbolic hand gestures
Pilgrimage - Visiting sacred sites
EXAMPLES OF MAHAYANA BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE
Ajantha ellora caves , udayagiri caves (odisha ) ,kanheri caves,nalanda

BUDDHIST MONASTERY NAME : D.APARNA SIGN:


SHEET NO :
ROLL NO:13041AA020
SITE ANALYSIS
2016 - 2017
Site location: SITE ANALYSIS
Site is located in Amaravathi. It is a famous Buddhist site and
village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is
located in Amaravati mandal of Guntur revenue division, on the
banks of Krishna river.
Site proximity:
1.6 kms from apsrtc bus station
No railway station in amaravati
Nearest railway station is in guntur 30 kms from amaravati
Nearest airport gannavaram airport 51 kms from amaravati
Surroundings:
Dhyana buddha statue
Krishna river
Haritha hotel
Ancient amaravathi stupa
Archeology museum
Site area : 10.8 acres

dhyana buddha statue Haritha accomodation Amareshwara swamy


Krishna river
temple

Archeological museum

Ruined buddhist stupa

BUDDHIST MONASTERY NAME : D.APARNA SIGN:


SHEET NO :
SITE ANALYSIS ROLL NO:13041AA020
2016 - 2017
vegetation There is no vegetation on the site .few trees exist near boundaries of the site

terrain The site is sloping towards the river and it is relatively flat

Soil type Sandy clay loam

Sbc of sandy loam soil 2.5 kg/cm2

Foundation type Pile foundation , raft foundation

Setbacks as per GO 678 Upto 12m road ; front 3m, rear -3m, sides 2m

Climatic analysis:

Tropical climate
Average temperature - 27
Summer max. temperature - 48
Winter max. temperature 30
Humidity 75%`

OBJECTIVES TO CONTROL HEAT PHYSICAL MANIFESTATION

Decrease exposed surface area Orientation and shape of the building

Increase thermal resistance Roof insulation and wall insulation. Using reflective surfaces

Increase buffer spaces Balconies and verandahs

Increase shading Walls , glass surfaces protected by overhangs,fins and trees

BUDDHIST MONASTERY NAME : D.APARNA SIGN:


SHEET NO :
CASE STUDY ANALYSIS ROLL NO:13041AA020
TASHI LHUNPO MONASTERY 2016 - 2017
Land use :

Topography:

green buffer zone as per GO 678


buffer belt of 100 mts from FTL

Highest contour in the site is 5 mts


Site is sloping towards the river

Dhyana buddha road ,10 mts wide

BUDDHIST MONASTERY NAME : D.APARNA SIGN:


SHEET NO :
SITE ANALYSIS ROLL NO:13041AA020
2016 - 2017
HISTORY OF AMARAVATI:

History of amaravati:
Amaravathi has glorious history to its name. Recorded history indicates that it was ruled by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka from
272 BC to 235 BC. Its existence is antiquated and interestingly Stone Age tools like hand axes, cleaver, discoids and scrapers
were recovered from this region. After the decline of Mauryans it was taken over by Satavahanas who chose Dharanikota a
place very close of Amaravathi as their capital.
Amaravati was a seat of Buddhism prior to the rise of Satavahanas, and a stupa and monastery were built there during the reign
of Emperor Ashoka (269-232 BC) under Mauryan empire.
The great stupa or Mahachaitya at Amaravati was one of the biggest in Andhra Pradesh with a probable diameter of 50 meters
and a height of 27 meters.
Highest Seat of Cultural Learning
Amaravathi has been a high seat of cultural learning. Various forms of arts flourished in this region for six centuries. Religion,
especially Buddhism had been source of inspiration for great building activity. Ancient Monuments like Stupas, Chaitras, Viharas
and Sangharamas discovered around this region speaks volumes about the influence of the Buddhism.
Main Centre of Buddhism in South India
Amaravathi gradually evolved into the South Indian Centre of Buddhism where a thoroughly indigenous school of sculpture
grew.
Buddhist legends of Amaravathi / Dharanikota:
According to buddhism traditional sources, the Buddha preached at Dharanikota (Dhanyakatakam) and also conducted the
Kalachakra ceremony. This legend takes the antiquity of Amaravati back to 500 BCE.

BUDDHIST MONASTERY NAME : D.APARNA SIGN:


SHEET NO :
SITE ANALYSIS ROLL NO:13041AA020
(HISTORY ) 2016 - 2017