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Module 2:

UNDERSTANDING CHILDREN
(THEIR NEEDS AND DEVELOPMENT)

National Trainers Training on Child Protection


August 25-29, 2013
Our Identity

Plan is an international child-centered,


development, NGO without religious,
political or governmental affiliation.
Our Identity

Plan works in 70 countries around the world


and united around the rights and needs of
children. Founded in Spain in 1937 and
established in the Philippines in 1961

Child sponsorship is the basic foundation of


Plan.
Where we work
49 program countries 1.5M Sponsored Children
22 Donor Countries (National Organizations
Where we
operate Country North
Office Samar

Occ. East
Mindoro Luzon Samar

West
Samar
Masbate

Visayas
Southern
Leyte

7 Provinces
N Mindanao
32 municipalities Special Program
427 villages DRR
W E

S
00 0 100 200 300 400 M
iles
Economic security

Participate as citizens
Healthy start
protection

education Water and improved sanitation

Sexual and reproductive health


Protection & assistance in emergencies
Module 2:
UNDERSTANDING CHILDREN
(THEIR NEEDS AND DEVELOPMENT)
Methodology:
Group Activities (Big group/small
Group)
Group Games
Input/Discussion
Short clips/film

Module Duration:
2 hours including SLE
A famous perceptual illusion in which the brain switches between seeing a young girl and an old woman (or "wife" and "mother in
law").

An anonymous German postcard from A rendition on an advertisement for W. E. Hill, who published it in 1915.
1888 (left figure) depicts the image in its the Anchor Buggy Company from Adapted from the original concept that
earliest form 1890 was popular throughout the world.
Are we Ready?

Lets Get Busy:)


Ready? Lets Get Busy

Sino ba ako?
(define the behavior
and characteristics
Ang sagot ng
of the child)
Parents/
caregiver ko!
Kiddie Kit (what are common
responses of adults to
(identify their these needs )
needs)
In our culture, children are highly valued and
seen as gifts from God.

However, this is coupled with the view that


children are walang-malay and walang
alam and therefore should be seen but not
heard.
the words associated with children and childhood also
illustrate an ideal
a child who is:

Kind
Innocent
Notions about Children
Notions about Children
Children are passive and weak
They are mini versions of adults
Kung ano ang puno, sya rin ang bunga
Children are their parents property
They are born empty ; tabularasa, and
therefore parents/adults can dictate what they
can and cannot do.
Note that...
Children are not mere sponges or repositories of information
and values.
They are intelligent, yet vulnerable but have the ability to
bounce back from stresses.
A child is primarily concerned with the present and does not
worry so much about the future like adults do.
He is creative and imaginative, eager more about his world.
They have emotions too and can be hurt. Children have
talents. They are active beings and are able to move despite
restraints on their freedom, They are adventurous and parents
must make sure they do not hurt themselves.
Would you agree with me if I say...

No parent in their sane mind would want bad things


happen to their children? Of course! Why would you
wish for such a thing for your children?

Sadly, there are parents in almost all of the


countries in the world who do otherwise.

Parents who in their desire to develop their children


into a well rounded individual are subjecting them to
harmful and counter-productive means of rearing
and disciplining.
Let us change the word Parents with Teachers and
let us see if it is also applicable...
Would you agree with me if I say that no Teacher in their
sane mind would want bad things happen to their
student? Of course! Why would you wish for such a
thing for those children?

Sadly, there are teachers in almost all of the countries in


the world who do otherwise.

Teachers who in their desire to develop their students


into a well rounded individual are subjecting them to
harmful and counter-productive means of teaching and
disciplining.
If parents or teachers for that matter, are with
clear understanding of the characteristics of
children and on the basic principles on how they
develop and learn, do you think instituting age
appropriate discipline and managing their
behavior will be more facilitating than
challenging?

Note however that there are views about our


children that oftentimes affects/influence our
own views.
Definition of terms
Child Development refers to the biological and
psychological and emotional changes that occur in human
beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the
individual progresses from dependency to increasing
autonomy.
Developmental Domains

PHYSICAL SOCIAL

Language EMOTIONA
L

COGNITIVE
Developmental Domains
Cognitive or Intellectual
Development refers to the childs
way of learning information. The
aspect of development are on
language and speech; learning;
thinking; imagining; creating;
problem solving and memory.
Developmental Domains

Physical Development
refers to this as the gross
and fine motor
development but just the
same it refers to the body
structure (bones, muscles,
organ and systems);
senses; motor activity
(large and small muscles).
Developmental Domains

Language
understand
words spoken to
him or her
and the ability to
speak words to
convey his or her
thoughts and
feelings
Developmental Domains

Cognitive
Refers to the
abilities of the
child to think,
reason,
understand
Paper, pencil,
concepts and
apple solve problems.
It also includes
literacy and
numeracy skills.
Developmental Domains

Social
Refers to the childs
ability to respond in
an age and culturally
appropriate manner
to social situations
and interpersonal
relationships.
Developmental Domains

Emotional
Refer expressions of emotions
and self-concept. Emotions are
an important force in human
behavior. They form a persons
personality.

Changes in a childs emotional


development takes place with his
expectations and demands and at
times children find it hard to
control their emotions and turns
to tantrums.
Note that...

Every child is a unique person with an individual


temperament, learning style, family background, and
pattern and timing of growth.

As children develop, they need different types of stimulation


and interaction to exercise their evolving skills and to
develop new ones.
Principles Of Child Development
1.Development is holistic;
it consists of interdependent dimensions.

2. Development begins pre-natally and


learning begins at birth.

3. Development proceeds in predictable steps and


occurs in recognized sequences, but the rate,
character and quality of development vary in every child.

(+) directions of development are from center to extremities,


from top to bottom, gross to fine and towards greater coordination
Principles Of Child Development

4. Development is multi-determined and


varies as a function of the childs nutritional and biomedical status,
genetic make-up and social and cultural context. (nature-
nurture)

5. Childrens development is cumulative in nature,


and not necessarily progressive.

6. Children are active participants in their


own development and learning.
Principles Of Child Development

7. Development and learning occur as a result


of the child interacting with people and
objects in his environment.

8. Children live within a context


family, community, cultureand their needs are
most effectively addressed in relation to that
context.
SOCIETY
Stephen Covey The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People

When it comes to developing


character strength, inner
security and unique personal
and interpersonal talents and
skills in a child, no institution
can or ever will compare with,
or effectively substitute for,
the home's potential for
positive influence.
Build Bridges... Peter Tan Chi. CCF
Connect
Communicate
Comprehend

Be Intentional!
Essence of Holistic Development

7 Ks
KAALAMAN
KASAMA

KOMUNIDAD
KALINGA
Key Message
Development in children takes place in stages from simple to
complex.

Each child exhibits the characteristics of a stage in his own way


and at his own time such that development in one child may be
a little different from another child.
Key Message
if parents or caregivers are with clear understanding of
these basic principles, instituting age appropriate
discipline to children will be more facilitating than
challenging.

Children thrive best in an atmosphere of genuine love,


undergirded by reasonable, consistent discipline.
In closing....
let us watch this short clip produced by Mary and
Craig Reynolds and see what a teacher did... And how
she made a difference in the life of a young boy
named Teddy.
Remember... Build relationships

Connect
Communicate
Comprehend

Be Intentional!
Thank You!

27/06/20
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