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Derivatives of plain weave

Derivatives of plain weave

Rib weave Matt/ Basket/ Hopsack weave

Warp rib Weft rib Regular matt Irregular matt Stitch matt Fancy matt

Regular warp rib Rgular weft rib

Irregular warp rib Irregular weft rib

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Characteristics of plain weave
Both sides of the weave are identical
Threads interlacing in alternate order
The repeat contains two ends and two picks.
Each thread gives maximum amount of support to the adjacent
Texture is stronger and firmer than any other ordinary cloth.
The weave can be made from all kind of textile raw materials i.e.
cotton yarn, linen, jute & man-made fibers, both spun and
continuous filament yarns.
It comprise a high production of the total output of woven fabrics.
Two heald shafts are sufficient to produce plain weave; when the
EPI is large four or six heald shafts are used with skip draft.

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Classification of plain cloth

Plain cloth

Warp face cloth Weft face cloth Approximately squared cloth

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Approximately squared cloth
Sheeting fabric
68 68
57 58
30 30
Calico fabric
60 60
57 58
16 16

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Warp faced fabric
Canvas fabric

100 50
57 58
20 16

Poplin fabric
133 72
57 58
40 40

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Weft faced fabric

32 148
57 58
7 60

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Ornamentation of plain cloth
The threads in both warp and weft vary in color, raw material, Types
of construction and in thickness.
Threads of different colors are combined in check form.
By using fancy slub yarn
By combining different orders of denting
By using two warp beams, which are differently tensioned. E.g:
Seersucker stripe production
By using different twisted yarn, such as hard twisted weft yarn for
producing crepe effect.
By using different textile materials , such as wool and cotton
produce union fabric.
By using a specially shaped reed, which rises and falls the threads
are caused to form zigzag lines in the cloth.
By using extremely fine or coarse yarn.

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Ornamentation of plain cloth
Different colors
Varying yarn counts
By using coarser or finer yarn in a pattern
By applying different tensions on yarn
By using slub yarn
Different orders of denting

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