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# Form 1 science

Revision style.

## By, Vincent Loo

Chapter 1
What is science? Give 5 examples of natural phenomena.
Science is the systematic study of nature and how it effects us
and our environment.

Natural phenomena
Lightning strike
Flower blossoming
Ice melting
Water evaporating
Ball falling to the bround
Growth of human
Name the benefits of science to mankind./ importance of
science
Understand ourselves. Knowing how our body works.
Understand our environment.
Helps us to improve the quality of our environment and conserve
it for our future generation.
Makes our life more comfortable.

## Name five science related careers

Veterinarian
Doctor
Chemist
Engineering
Pharmacist
Architect
Computer programmer
List out the sequence of steps in a scientific investigation.

## Identify the Forming the Planning an

problem hypothesis experiment

## Analysis and Carrying out

Making
interpreting the
conclusion
data experiment

Writing a
report on the
experiment
What will happen to the pendulum if the length of the
pendulum is increased
Mass does not affect the pendulum's swing. The
longer the length of string, the farther
the pendulum falls; and therefore, the longer the
period, or back and forth swing of the pendulum. The
greater the amplitude, or angle, the farther
thependulum falls; and therefore, the longer the
period.
What is physical quantity?
A physical quantity is a quantity that can be measured

## Prefixes are useful in

expressing physical
quantities that are either
very big or very small.
What is weight? Name two tools that can be used to measure
weight.
The pull of the earth (force of gravity) on the object.
Si unit, Newton (N)

## Spring Balance, compression spring balance

What is mass? Name 3 type of balances which are used to
measure mass.
The mass of an object is the quantity of matter in the object.
Si unit Kilogram (KG)
Triple beam balance
Double beam balance
Level balance
Electronic balance
State 5 differences between weight and mass.
mass differences weight
no Influence by yes
gravitational force
fixed value Varies from place
to place
Kilogram (KG) unit Newton (N)
Level balance, Measuring tools Spring balance,
beam balance Compression
balance
It is the amount of Definition It is the
matter in an object gravitational pull on
an object
Name some instrument used to measure length
Ruler
Metre rule
Measuring tape

## Name 3 apparatus that are used to measure the volume

of liquid
measuring cylinder, burette and pipette
Volume of an object is the total space occupied by the object
What is parallax error?
A parallax error is an error in reading an instrument due to the
eye of the observer and pointer are not in a line perpendicular
to the plane of the scale.

water

## Displacement can/ water displacement/ eureka can

The volume of the water that flows out from the can is the
volume of the solid measured
Why is it so important to use SI units for measurement?
Accurate and precise measurement would be a problem
People from different countries will face difficulties to
communicate with each other especially in interactions such as
Scientists around the world would have difficulty in comparing
studies that have been carried out.
QUESTIONS TIME
State 4 natural phenomena that you see
around you.
science which help us to live healthier and
longer lives.
The application of scientific has greatly
benefited mankind. Name 4 areas of our
studies which have benefited greatly from
such scientific knowledge.
ANS
1. Lightning, phases of the moon, germination of
the seed and rain falling from the sky.
2. The usage of dialysis machines to treat
patients with kidney problems, stethoscope, X-
ray machines, laser beam for operations, plastics
surgery and liposuction.
3. Transportation, medicine, agriculture, industry
and communication.
Reinforcement Exercise

## 1. Convert the following values into standard form.

a) 0.08 m
b) 6000 g
c) 5500 m
d) 0.007 A
e) 0.009m
ANS
a) 0.08m = 8 x 0.01 m
c) 5 500m = 5.5 x 1000 m
= 8 x 10-2 m
= 5.5 x 103 m
= 8 cm
= 5.5 km
b) 6 000g = 6 x 1000 g
= 6 x 103 g
e) 0.009m = 9.0 x 0.001 m
= 6 kg
= 9 x 10-3 m
d) 0.007 A = 7 x 0.001 A
= 9 mm
= 7 x 10-3 A
= 7mA
How to Measure the length of
a curved line?
a. The instruments to measure curved lines are a piece of thread and
a metre rule.

## b. Technique to measure a curved lines are :

A knot is tied at one end of the thread to act as a reference
point.
The knot is fixed at one end of the curve as the starting point
of the curve.
coincides exactly with the curve. A mark is made on the
After that, the thread is removed and straightened. The
length of the thread is measured to obtain the actual length of
the curve.
The length of a curved line can also be measured using an
opisometer (map measuring instrument).
How to Measuring the
diameter of an object ?
a. A pair of calipers and a ruler is used to measure the
diameter of an object.

## b. There are two types of calipers that are the external

calipers and the internal calipers.

## c. The external calipers is used to measure the external

diameter of an object.

## d. The internal calipers is used to measure the internal

diameter of an object.