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MANUAL DIFFERENTIAL DRIVE

ROBOT

PHOENIX
THE LNMIIT
AIM
COMPLETE CONTROL OVER THE BOT (REMOTE
CONTROLLER)

MOVEMENT IN ALL THE FOUR DIRECTIONS

LEFT
RIGHT
FORWARD
BACKWARD

SPEED AND ACCURACY


SYSTEM REQUIREMENT
CONTROLLING UNIT (MANUAL)
Remote controller unit
Switches

CHANNEL
Bus Wire
BODY
Chassis

PROCESSING UNIT
Relays

MOTOR UNIT
DC Motors
SYSTEM DESIGN FLOW

INPUT(STIMULI)

PROCESS

OUTPUT(RESPONS
E)
SYSTEM DESIGN FLOW
FORWARD LEFT

DPDT
SWITCHES BU
S
BACKWARD RIGHT W
IR
E

BOT INPUT

BOT
RESPONSE RELAYS

FORWARD LEFT

DC -
BACKWARD RIGHT
MOTORS
ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENTS
NEEDED FOR THIS PROJECT

CONTROL UNIT
DPDT SWITCHES

PROCESSING UNIT
RELAYS

MOTOR UNIT
DC MOTORS
SWITCHES
SPST

A Single Pole Single Throw toggle switch


connects or disconnects one terminal
either to or from another. It is the simplest
switch
SWITCHES
SPDT

A Single Pole Double Throw toggle switch


connects a common terminal to one or the
other of two terminals
SWITCHES
DPDT

A Double Pole Double Throw toggle switch


acts exactly like two separate SPDT switches
connected to the same switch bat.
It has two separate common terminals and
each of those
is connected to one or the other of the other
two terminals on the same side of the switch.
DPDT
0v +(12
RELAYS v)

A relay is an electrical
switch that uses an
electromagnet to move the
switch from the off to on o/p=0
position instead of a v
person moving the switch. +(12
0v v) +5v
It takes a relatively small
amount of power to turn
on a relay but the relay
can control something that
draws much more power .
o/p=1 Gd
2v
DC MOTOR

ADC motorin simple words is a device that


converts direct current(electrical energy)
into mechanical energy.
Works on the principle of electromagnetic
induction and Lorentz force .
It is used in many electrical and mechanical
industries .
WORKING OF A DC MOTOR

NO CURRENT STARTS
CURRENT FLOWING
WORKING OF A DC MOTOR
WORKING OF A DC MOTOR
WORKING OF A DC MOTOR
WORKING OF A DC MOTOR
BOT MOVEMENT ALGORITHM

MOTOR TYRES
S BODY

F L

B R

REMOTE
FORWARD
LEFT MOTORS RIGHT MOTORS
FORWARD FORWARD

BODY

F L

B R

REMOTE
BACKWARD
LEFT MOTORS RIGHT MOTORS
BACKWARD BACKWARD

BODY

F L

B R

REMOTE
LEFT
LEFT MOTORS RIGHT MOTORS
BACKWARD FORWARD

BODY

F L

B R

REMOTE
RIGHT
LEFT MOTORS RIGHT MOTORS
FORWARD BACKWARD

BODY

F L

B R

REMOTE
THANK YOU