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PREPOSITIONS

A preposition is a part of speech that


shows a relationship (connection)
between two things.
Types of Preposition
Simple Prepositions: Prepositions which consist of only one word.
Eg. In, on, at, with, against, etc.,
I walked up the stairs to see the problem.
Compound Prepositions: Prepositions consist of more than one stem.
Eg. without, within, inside, outside, into, beneath, below,
behind, between, etc.,
The church is located behind the supermarket.
Phrasal Prepositions: Preposition composed of several words rather
than just one.
Eg. because of, by means of, as far as, with regard to, on
behalf of, instead of, on account of, in opposition to, for the sake of
etc.,
He walked as far as he could.
Not to be confused with Prepositional phrase.
Ex: The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam.
A preposition tells 3 things.
Location (on, under, in)
Time (before, after, during)
Direction (from, toward, to, through)
Common Prepositions

Here is a list of the most common prepositions:


aboard along behind by inside onto to

about amid below down into out toward

above among beneath during near outside under

across around beside for of over until

past
after at between from off up

through with
against before beyond in on
Prepositions of Place

Some prepositions show where something happens. They are


called prepositions of place.
Examples:-

Sanny was sitting under a tree.

Theres a wooden floor underneath the carpet.

Some geese flew over their house.

John and Sarah were hiding inside the wardrobe.

There was a tree beside the river.

I have a friend who lives in America.


Prepositions of Time

Some prepositions show when something happens. They are called


prepositions of time.
Examples:-
School starts at nine oclock.

Were going to the zoo on Saturday.

No, you cant watch a video. Its past your bedtime already.

I visited my grandparents during the summer.

You must finish the work by Friday.

Ill do my homework before dinner.


Prepositions of Direction

Some prepositions show where something is going.


They are called prepositions of direction.

Examples:-

The boys chased after each other.


The football rolled down the hill.
A man was walking his dog along the riverbank.
The freeway goes right through the city.
We were travelling towards Miami.
Prepositions with special uses

Usage of OF
Our modules are full of real life examples.
I ate a plate of rice and a quarter of milk.
Would you like a glass of lemon juice?
I need three pieces of paper.
Most of the children in my class like
Education.
There are several ways of cooking Upma.
Usage of FOR

I made this bookmark for Mom.

Is there room for me on this seat?

Id like a new computer for Christmas.

Were going downtown for a meeting. I made this gift for my


mother.

Is there place for me on this seat?

Id like a new Laptop for Next year..


Usage of WITH

He pounds nails with a hammer.

Mix the flour with water.

She painted the picture with her new paints.

Would you like to come with us to the cinema?

I can do difficult problems with help from Mom.

Who is the man with the beard?


Usage of EXCEPT AND INSTEAD OF

I like all kinds of food except Upma.

Everyone likes chocolate except Tom.

We go to school every day except Saturday and Sunday.

You should eat fruit instead of candy.

Dad is coming to the theater with us instead of Mom.

We could watch TV instead of reading our books.


Usage of LIKE, AS and THEN

Kathleen looks like her dad.


Andrew smiles like his mother.
Peter sings like a professional singer.
Are these shoes the same as those?
Sue is nearly as tall as the teacher.
My backpack is bigger than Johns.
Dad is taller than all of us.
This painting is more beautiful than that one.
The neighborhood streets are less busy than
downtown streets.
Prepositions with Adjective ,Verbs .

Prepositions are used with some adjectives. The adjectives in these


examples are printed in color.

Dad was angry with us.


We were afraid of the big dog.
Shes not very interested in sports.
John is very good at drawing.
Mr. Lee is pleased with our work.
The teachers are always kind to us.
Whats wrong with the computer?
Prepositions are used with some verbs. The
verbs in these examples are printed in color.

Im looking for my pencil. Have you seen it?


Can you think of another word for pleased?
Does this book belong to you?
Were listening to CDs.
I agree with you.
Tell me about the show you saw.
Cut the cake into five pieces.
They borrowed money from the bank.
Prepositions are used with some nouns. The nouns in
these examples are printed in color.

Whats the answer to this question?


Is there a reason for this delay?
Whats the matter with you?
Heres an example of good behavior.
Congratulations on winning the competition!
Traffic can cause damage to the environment.
Examples

The mouse is on the table.


Two things: mouse + table
Relationship: one is on the other

On is a Preposition!
Examples

The mouse is under the


table.
Two things: mouse + table
Relationship: one is under the other

Under is a Preposition!
Preposition: Through

The word through acts as a preposition. It


involves movement in through one end and
out through another.
And goes out
from this end

Goes in through
this end
Example

1. The girl looks through the telescope.


Example

2. David walks through the jungle.


Where is Fido?
Where is Fido?

Fido is ______ ______ doghouse.


Write the answer on your paper.
Did you say:

Fido is in the doghouse.

You are correct!! Good Job!!


Where is the house?
Where is the house?

The house is ______ ______ hill.


Write the answer on your paper.
Did you say:

The house is on the hill.


Awesome Work!!
Where is the elephant?
Where is the elephant?

The elephant is _____ _____


question mark.
Write the answer on your paper.
Did you say:

The elephant is under the__


question mark.
Keep up the good work!!
Here comes the tricky part!!

Pay attention!!

You can do it!!


Find the prepositions in the following sentences:
Write your answers on your paper.

1) Do you like to play hide-and-go-seek?

2) My favorite place to hide is under the kitchen table.

3) If someone is already there, I usually try in the


bathroom closet.

4) If there is not enough room in the closet, I will crawl


under my bed.
Did you find all 4?
1) Do you like to play hide-and-go-seek?

2) My favorite place to hide is under the kitchen table.


3) If someone is already there, I usually try in the
bathroom closet.
4) If there is not enough room in the closet, I will crawl
under my bed.
Now it is your turn!
Write a sentence to describe where the girls
are standing.

Remember to use a prepositional phrase!


Here is an example of what you could have written:

The girls are standing under the globe.

Did you write something different?


Raise your hand to share it with the class.
Which of the following words
are NOT prepositions?

across how
which between
from round
over up
what whenever
for before
The BLUE words are NOT
prepositions

across how
which between
from round
over up
what whenever
for before
1. The ball is ____ the box
2. The ball is ____ the box
3. The ball is _____ the box
4. The climbers stood ____ top of the mountain
5. The manager sat ____ his desk ____ his chair
6. The gardener stood ____ the pumpkins
7. The man looked ____ the mail ___ the post box
8. The man looked ____ the telescope ___ his hands
1. The ball is in the box
2. The ball is on the box
3. The ball is under the box
4. The climbers stood on top of the mountain
5. The manager sat at his desk on his chair
6. The gardener stood behind the pumpkins
7. The man looked at the mail in the post box
8. The man looked through the telescope in his hands