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Chapter # 7

What is Evaluation?
Evaluation is systematic continuous process
of investigating, monitoring and supervision of
preplanned activities to ensure that everything
is going on as per desire. It is process of
determining the effectiveness of training.
It is a program which undertaken to see
whether everything is done according to
predetermined organization plans, policies and
It is the function of organization manager.
What is Training Evaluation?

Accessing the effectiveness of the training

program in terms of the benefits to the trainees
and the country.

Process of collecting out comes to determine

if the training program was effective.

From whom, what, when and how information

should be collected.
Objectives of evaluation
There are different objectives for evaluation, those
are very important and necessary of a successful
organization, discussed in below:
Explain why evaluation is important
Identify and choose outcomes to evaluate
Identify how to measure outcome
Discuss validity threats and experimental designs
Discuss issues to consider in evaluation design to
improve the ability to make inferences.
1) Primary Objectives:
To collect data that will serve as a valid basis for
improving the management training system and
maintaining quality control over its components.
1) Secondary Objectives:
a) To ensure that its instructor is conducted in a
manner consistent with the system as planned and
b) To provide a basis for instructor in service
management training and upgrading.
c) To provide data which are usable in effecting
revisions of the instructor for training course.

d) To increase the effectiveness of the training program

while it is going on.
e) To increase the effectiveness of the management
training programs to be held time.
f) To help participants to get feedback for their
improvement and to increase their efficiency.
g) To find out to what extent the management
objectives are achieved (out come of training)
Some more objectives of training are:
i. To develop human resources for mechanization- an
indispensable condition for increasing the agricultural
ii. To increase awareness about judicious use of available
machinery and power.
iii. To transfer the proven technology from research institutes to
the actual users.
iv. To help farmer / technicians / engineering students /
extension workers etc. in the mechanization.
v. To upgrade social and economic condition of their rural
youth by generating the employment further.
vi. To help industries especially small sector in transplanting the
research design of tested equipment / machines into
industrial design for the production of quality machines.
vii. To encourage the energy conservation in agriculture through
various training programs.
Purpose of the Evaluation
The purpose of evaluation is to determine whether or not
the training achieved the desire objective.
An evaluation strategy builds Organizational capability
to increase the performance and business value of training
investment. - Stated purpose, May 24, 2006

The purpose of the evaluation can be apportioned into

two assortment:
1. Summative evaluation: collecting data to access
learning and other criteria.
2. Formative evaluation: collecting data to access how to
the make the program better.
Criteria for Evaluation
Criteria should be based on training objectives-
all objectives should be evaluated.
Criteria should be relevant (uncontaminated on
deficient), reliable, practical and they should
Criteria should include reactions, learning
(verbal, cognitive, attitudes), results and ROI
Criterion deficiency, relevance and contamination

Outcome identify by
measured in needs and
evaluation included in

Contamination Deficiency

Outcomes Related to Training Objectives

Methods of Training
There are several methods for giving training to the managers
and other workers of the organization. They are as follows:

1. Observation 11. Before & after test scores

2. Ratings 12. Before & after performance
3. Trainee Survey measure
4. Trainee Interviews 13. Experimental & control
5. Instructor Survey groups
6. Instructor Interviews 14. Delayed treatment of control
7. Reaction groups
8. Learning 15. Modified critical incident
9. Behavior method
10. Results 16. Over the shoulder evaluation

17. Performance analysis

18. Time series evaluation
19. Cost benefits analysis
20. Organization development approach
21. Job related approach
22. Training centered approach
23. Learning centered approach
24. Managerial approach
25. Complaint files consultation
26. Participants enjoyment of program
27. Volume of material learnt
28. Achievement of training goals
29. Assessing the benefits of training
Evaluation Method
To create a favorable climate for learning, creature comforts such as
good food and accommodation may help. But if you want to be in the
Good Learning Guide as well as in the Good Food Guide
you will also want feedback on some of the questions listed below:
Evaluation methods are tools for change. If they are simply used as score
sheets or as pats on the back, evaluation tools can lead to complacency-
rather than to change and innovation. End of course feedback can play an
important part in designing and evaluation strategy-but it is by no means
the only part!
When to evaluate? This page lists some of the ways in which you can
generate rich insights, creative ideas, evaluative discussions and other
useful responses at or near the end of a course (summative evaluation).
Many of these ideas can also be used for formative mid-course evaluation.
See the article below on Facilitated Student Feedback for some
detailed advice on formative evaluation.
Issues in Evaluation: You will also notice plenty of messages (in the left-
hand column) that will remind you of some of the wider issues that are
relevant to end of course evaluation and to evaluation as a whole.
Evaluation of Training
1. Trained or untrained
2. Subjective or not
3. Sincerity
4. Timeliness
5. Strictness
6. Use of modern aids
7. Relations with course outline
8. Relations with course objectives
9. Supply of reading materials
10. Supply of necessary tools for training
Kirkpatricks four levels of training evaluation
This grid illustrates the basic Kirkpatrick structure at a glance.

Evaluation type Evaluation description and Example of evaluation tools and

Level Relevance and practicability
(what is measured) characteristics methods

Reaction evaluation is how the

Happy sheets, feedback forms Quick and very easy to obtain
delegates felt about the
1. Reaction Verbal reaction, post training Not expensive to gather or to
training or learning
surveys or questionnaires analysis

Learning evaluation is the Typically assessments or Relatively simple to set

measurement of the tests before and after the up; clear cut for
2. Learning
increase in knowledge training Interview or quantifiable skills Less
before and after observation can also be used. easy for complex learning

Observation and interview over Measurement of behavior

Behavior evaluation is the
time are required to assess change typically requires
3. Behavior extent of applied learning back
change, relevance of change and cooperation and skill of line
on the job implementation
sustainability of change managers

Measures are already in place via Individually not difficult;

Results evaluation is the effect
normal management systems and unlike whole organization.
4. Results on the business or
reporting the challenge is to Process must attribute clear
environment by the trainee
relate to the trainee accountabilities.
Successful Evaluation Tips
Level Questions addressed
1 Trainees What did trainees think of
Reaction perceptions this training?
2 Knowledge/ Was there an increase in
Learning skills gained knowledge or skill level?
3 Worksite Is new knowledge / skill
Behavior implementation being used on the job?
4 Impact on What effect did the training
Results organization have on the organization?
Example to the mentioned tips
Level 1: One way to assess trainee reactions
and attitudes is to use a questionnaire.
Level 2: Written or performance tests can
assess change in knowledge / skills.
Level 3: Post-training testing or observations
can assess use of skills on the job:
Level 4: Quantifiable measures are often used
when assessing organizational impact.
Evaluation of participants:
Important to evaluate participants are some
reasons, these are:
1. Regularity
2. Attentiveness
3. Preparation of assignment
4. Preparation of home tasks
5. Participation in discussion
6. Participation in brain storming
7. Contributing new ideas / thoughts
8. Use of training time
Benefits of Training Evaluation
1. Knowledge of results
2. Determining the level of training groups
3. Determining the efficiency of training institution
4. Determining level of training success of
5. Deciding the training results
6. Determining the subjectivity and objectivity of
training courses
7. Follow-up of trainees toward organization
The evaluation process
Conduct a need analysis

Conduct a need analysis develop measureable

learning outcomes and analyze transfer of training

Develop outcomes measures

Choose an evaluation strategy

Plan and execute the evaluation

Figure: The process of evaluation of training

Thank you