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ASSIGNMENT ON TYRES

SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:


SIR RUPESH SHARMA MANDEEP SINGH

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TYRES
• A cushion provided with wheel.
• It consists of mainly the outer cover i.e. the tyre proper and the tube
inside.
• The tube assembly is mounted over the wheel rim.
• Air inside the tube that carries the entire load and provides the cushion.
• Deal with the worst possible forces, shocks and other parameters and also
absorb most of the shocks thus providing a smooth ride.
• Modern tyre consist of an inflatable rubber ring fitted round the wheel.
• Vehicles activities such as acceleration, vehicle control and braking occurs
through the tyres and their contact on the road surface.
BY: MANDEEP SINGH 2
Function Of Tyre
• To support the vehicle load.
• To provide cushion against shock.
• To transmit driving and braking forces to the road.
• To provide cornering power for smooth steering.
• It must be strong enough to carry loads and resist damage.
• It must have a long lifetime and run smoothly.
• Must meet all the requirement of all weather conditions and on all surfaces
without overheating.
• It must provide good road grip for traction, cornering, accelerating and
braking.

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Desirable Properties
• NON SKIDDING :-Tread pattern on the tyre must be suitably designed
to permit the least amount of skidding.
• UNIFORM WEAR :-To maintain the non-skidding property, the wear
on the tyre tread must be uniform. The ribbed pattern on the tyre
help to accomplish this.
• LOAD CARRYING:-Tyre material and the design must be able to
ensure that the tyre is able to sustain stresses developed in all
conditions.
• CUSHIONING :- Tyre should be able to absorb small high frequency
vibration set up by the road surface and thus providing cushioning
effect.
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Desirable Properties
• POWER CONSUMPPTION :- The automotive tyre absorb some power
due to friction between the tread rubber and the road surface and
also due to hysteresis loss on account of the tyre being continuously
fixed release, should be least as less as possible.
• TYRES NOISE :- Tyre noise may be in the form of definite pattern sing,
a sequel, or aloud sound, Should be minimum.
• BALANCING :- As a rotating part of automobile, must be balance
statically and dynamically. Absence of balance give rise to peculiar
oscillation called wheel tramp and wheel wobble.

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Classification of Tyres
On basis of Construction
Conventional Tyre
Tubeless Tyre
On basis of Carcass or Skelton
 Cross Ply Tyre
 Radial Ply Tyre
 Belted-Bias Tyre

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