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Project name: ETRUSCAN

ARCHITECTURE

Students:Gherghin Claudia & Gorongyi


Dorottya
Etruscan architecture was created between
700 BC – 800 BC.

The Etruscans were considerable builders:


->in stone
->in wood
->other materials of temples, houses, tombs and city walls,
as well as bridges and roads.
 Etruscans sought inspiration from the Greeks

 Resembled Doric and Ionic Temples -but had wooden


columns and roof and walls were sun dried bricks

 Columns only on front of building resulting in a large


porch

 Had three cellas: one for each of their chief gods: Tinia,
Uni and Menrva

 Terracotta statues were placed on top of the roof


not in the pediment
A region of
Central
Italy
X-VIII century BC
-the appearance of urban centers
-development of irrigation channels
-intensive farming
-population increase
-commerce and navigation

VIII-VII century BC
-oriental

VI century BC
Etruscan civilization heyday :
-territorial expansion
-metalliferous deposits highly prized by the Greeks
-alliance with the Carthaginians against the Greeks
 Etruscan lived in Italy befor romans arrived

 Existedin the Bronze age- same as arhaic


period in Greece

 Language and costums different than Romans

 Neverformed a unified nation- city states


eventually fell to the Romans in the 4th and
5th centuries BCE
 These dominated populations were forced to
do the agricultural labor on the Etruscan
farms, so the Etruscans had time to devote
to commerce and industry.

 In the seventh and sixth centuries, the


Etruscan military had subjugated much of
Italy, including Rome, and regions outside of
Italy, such as the island of Corsica.
 Velathri/Volterra

 Velzna/Volsinii

 Tombs at Cerveteri and Tarquinia


• Volterra's Etruscan walls date from the 5th -
3rd century BCE. With a total length of 7.3 km
and an enclosed area of 116 hectares, they
protected vital fields, temples and housing for
about 25 000 people.
• The Porta all'Arco, the Porta di Diana and
impressive remains of the walls survive to this
day.
 TheEtruscan City of Velzna was probably
located near Orvieto (Viterbo province, Italy).
Many Etruscan coins have been found bearing
the Word "Velzna"
ITALIC DOMUS:

a.Atrium

b. Alae

c.Tablinum
TEMPLE
Tripartite cella :

a. PARS POSTICA

b. PARS ANTICA
Model of a typical sixty-
century BCE Etruscan temple, as described by Vitruvius. Istituto
di Etruscologia e di
Antichità Italiche, Università di Roma, Rome
 Tombs were designed just like
Etruscan homes

 Therewere beds, chairs, framed doorways,


and even windows.
Plan of the Tomb of the Shields
and Chairs, Cerveteri, Italy, second half of the
sixth century BCE.
Interior of the Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy,
third century BCE.
Interior of the Tomb of the Leopards, Tarquinia, Italy,
ca. 480-470 BCE
 Etruscan cities, which often sat on hill-tops,
became walled from about the 8th century,
first in mud-brick, then often in stone.

 Even before the Romans began to swallow


up Etruscan territory, Italy had frequent
wars, and by the later period had Celtic
enemies to the north, and an expanding
Rome to the south
 Severalimportant and unimportant Roman
roads, such as the Via Cassia, overlie
Etruscan precursors, but there are sufficient
Etruscan sites that were neglected after
their conquest to allow an understanding of
the considerable Etruscan road system.
 Roads did not just run between cities, but
out into the countryside to allow agricultural
produce to be easily brought in
 Frescoes

 Bronze Work

 Gold

 Terra Cotta Sculptures


Bronze helmet, 7th century BC
tomb and date to about 675-650 B.CRegolini-Galassi .
Pair of gold earrings, Etruscan, gold, 7th century, BC
Terra cotta head, Etruscan, approx. 460 BC.
• Form the lid a sarcophagus discovered in the
Bandicaccia necropolis.

• It was the custom of the Etruscans in Caere


to decorate the lids of the sarcophagii of
those who could afford it, depicted as
though they were reclining on a banquet
couch in the prime of life.
 Many advances in pottery, art and frescoes.

 Elaborate burial tombs.


Group of bucchero vessels, 7th-5th centuries BCE
Depicted on the
principal side of
this amphora,
are Achilles and
Ajax
MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES
 wood
 unfired brick
 rock
 terracotta
Wall Length : 7,3km

Town area :116 ha

Population :25 000 loc.

Trinity Etruscan :

TRINIA,UNI,MINERVA