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Comparative Circulatory System

of the Animal Kingdom


Section 29-2
Invertebrate Circulatory Systems

Hearts Heartlike structure

Small vessels in tissues

Heart
Blood
vessels

Sinuses
and organs
Blood
Heartlike vessels
structures
Insect: Annelid:
Open Circulatory System Closed Circulatory System
Invertebrate Circulatory System
• Closed circulatory system
– Allows for the animal to be larger in size
• Insects have an open circulatory
– Blood travels through the body by diffusion
– Snails (gastropods) also have open circulatory
system
Vertebrate circulatory systems
• Chordate circulatory systems range from a single loop system (found in
organisms with gills) to double loop systems.
Double-Loop Circulatory System
Single-Loop
Circulatory System

FISHES CROCODILIANS, BIRDS,


MOST REPTILES AND MAMMALS
Fish Circulatory System
• Closed Circulatory System
• Two Chamber heart and one loop system
• Gills act like the lungs
• Flow of oxygen
– Gills collect oxygen and send oxygenated blood to
the body
– The body sends deoxygenated blood to the heart
– Heart sends deoxygenated blood to gills
Amphibian and Reptile Circulatory
System
• Amphibians in the larval stage have a single
loop system
• As an adult they have a 3 chamber two loop
system
• Flow of oxygen
– Heart to lungs and skin where O2 is picked up
– Returns to heart and then goes to the body/cells
Amphibian Hearts
• Disadvantages
– 3 chambers
– 2 atria 1 ventricle
– Oxygenated and
deoxygenated blood mix
in the one ventricle
Reptile hearts
• Have an incomplete
septum
Birds and Humans
• 4 chambers and two
loop system
• No mixing of oxygenate
or deoxygenated blood
• Birds also have air sacs
– Allows for more oxygen
received with each
breath
– Is important for flight
Bird Circulatory System