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The Present Perfect

Tense
PRESENT PERFECT (HAVE)
 TENER  HABER
Yo tengo Yo he
Tu tienes Tu has
El ha
El tiene, etc.
Nosotros hemos, etc.
Use aux “DO” for questions
No aux necessary.
and negatives
+ : She has eaten all her food.
+ :I have two dogs. - :She hasn’t eaten all her food.
- :I don’t have two dogs. ? : Has she eaten all her food?
? : Do I have a dog?

ACTION VERB NO ACTION VERB


ESTRUCTURE
SUBJECT + HAS/HAVE+ VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

Eat Ate Eaten


Go Went Gone
Walk Walked Walked

(termination: ado, ido, edo, do, so, yo)


+ has/have + past
participle

- hasn’t/haven’t
+ past participle

? Have/Has + S +
past participle
Negative Question
Positive
I have traveled. I have not traveled. Have I traveled?
You have traveled. You have not Have you traveled?
traveled.
We have traveled. We have not Have we traveled?
traveled.
They have traveled. They have not Have they traveled?
traveled.
He has traveled. He has not traveled. Has he traveled?

She has traveled. She has not traveled. Has she traveled?

It has traveled. It has not traveled. Has it traveled?


Unspecified Time Before Now
TOPIC 1 Experience

I have been to France.


TOPIC 2 Change Over Time

You have grown since the last time


I saw you.
TOPIC 3 Accomplishments

Our son has learned how to


read.
TOPIC 4 An Uncompleted Action
You Are Expecting

The rain hasn't stopped.


TOPIC 5 Multiple Actions at
Different Times

The army has attacked that


city five times.
Signal Words
 Already
Utilizamos ALREADY - “Ya” cuando hablamos de situaciones que
han ocurrido antes de lo que esperabamos. Se usa en frases
afirmativas. Ex:
I have already seen that film. I’ve already seen that film. (contraccion)
 Yet
Utilizamos YET - “Todavia” cuando hablamos de una situacion
que sabemos que va ocurrir pero que no ha ocurrido todavia. Se
usa en frases negativas. Siempre va al final. Ex:
I have not received the results of my exam yet.
I haven’t received the results of my exam yet.
Have not you got the results yet.
Haven’t you got the results yet.
En pregunta significa “ya”
Have you done your homework yet?
Bob / visit / his grandma.
Jimmy / not play / on the

computer.
Sue and Walter / wash /

their car?
Andrew / repair / his bike.
Phil / help / Anne with

maths?
Brad and Louise / watch /
a film.
Tamara / not talk to / her

best friend.
Bridgette / draw / a

picture?
Carol / read / a computer

magazine.
Tom and Alice / be / to a