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Amazing Chemical

Reactions

Created by:
Mahbub Al Haqi (332516237)
Sakiro Widya Silvani (3325160790)
Cola and Chlorine

HClO + HCl --> Cl2 + H2O


Cola and Chlorine
• The powder being added to the solution isn't
molecular chlorine (which would be a gas). It's
almost certainly sodium hypochlorite or
calcium hypochlorite
• Hypochlorite is an oxidizing agent.
• The protonated hypochlorite (hypochlorous
acid) can react with hydrochloric acid.
• HClO + HCl --> Cl2 + H2O
The products are water and chlorine gas.

• The explosion is probably caused by chlorine


gas evolution
• Hypochlorite could abstract a proton from
water, creating hydroxide species which
neutralize with the various acids forming
water and releasing energy in the form of
heat.
Caesium & Water
Caesium & Water
• Cesium is a very reactive alkaline metal with a
pretty golden shine. When it comes in contact
with water it reacts rapidly as follows:
2Cs + H2O → 2CsOH + H2
• Very exotherm reaction
• Cesium is one of the most reactive metals, and
oxygen (in H2O) is one of the most reactive
non-metals.
• Hydrogen formed in the reaction catches fire
and reacts with the oxygen of air making the
explosion:
2H2 + O2 → 2H2O
Copper & Iron Sulphate
Copper & Iron Sulphate
• According to the metal reactivity series, Iron is
far above Copper,
• As iron is more reactive than copper in the
reactivity series.
K>Na>Ca>Mg>Al>Zn>Fe>Pb>H2>Cu>Ag>Au
• Iron being more reactive than Copper has
tendency to remove it from its salt solution
and form its own salt.
• Before Reaction Iron is black in colour where
as Copper Sulphate is Blue in colour.
• After reaction takes place Iron displaces Cu
and forms FeSO4 or Iron Sulphate which is
green in colour and Cu is formed which is
reddish brown in colour .
• Word Equation :
Fe (Black) + CuSO4(Blue) FeSO4(Green) + Cu
(reddish brown).
Soap & Milk + Colors
Soap & Milk + Colors
• Detergent, such as liquid dish soap, is mostly
surfactants.
• Surfactants have a hydrophilic part that wants to
interact with the water and a hydrophobic part
that wants to interact with the fat molecules.
• As the soap spread out from the cotton swab, it
decreased the milk's surface tension around it,
and the higher surface tension surrounding this
area pulled the milk toward it.
Mercury(II) Thiocyanate & Fire
Mercury(II) Thiocyanate & Fire
• Igniting mercury(II) thiocyanate reaction
2Hg(SCN)2 → 2HgS + CS2 + 3C + 2N2

• The flammable carbon disulfide immediately


burns int the presence of air to carbon dioxide
and sulfur dioxide.
CS2 + 3O2 → CO2 + 2SO2
• Mercury(II) sulfide reacts with oxygen to form
mercury vapor and sulfur dioxide. If the
reaction is performed inside a container, a
gray mercury film coating can be observed
coating the interior surface.

• HgS + O2 → Hg + SO2
Lithium & Fire
Lithium & Fire
• Lithium burn with a strongly red-tinged flame
if heated in water. It reacts with oxygen in the
air to give white lithium oxide. With pure
oxygen, the flame would simply be more
intense.
• The chemical reaction
4 Li(s)+O2(g)  2Li2O(s)
Cuttlefish & Sodium
Cuttlefish & Sodium

• Is actually just the high sodium content of the


soy sauce causing the cuttlefish’s nerves to
become active and spasm, as opposed to a
full-blown return from the dead.
Calcium & Fire
Calcium & Fire
• Calcium burns quite vigorously in oxygen and
strong heating is required to make it burn.
• It gives a brick red flame to produce a white
powder of calcium oxide.
• Calcium + oxygen �> calcium oxide
2Ca(s) + O2(g) �> 2CaO(s)
• When calcium carbonate monohydrate is heated
it demonstrates a huge volume expansion
• When calcium gluconate is purolysed at
temperature of dry fuel the reaction looks as
follows:

• 2C12H22CaO14 + O2 → 22H2O + 21C + 2CaO + 3CO2

• The snake is gray-colored because of the


presence of calcium oxide and carbon mixture.
Source
• https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/surfactant
-science-make-a-milk-rainbow
/
• https://
practicum.melscience.com/experiments/explosion-of-c
aesium-in-water.html
• https://
answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201008110
62103AA4HpHD
• http://
www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=17
360