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What do you expect to learn in this workshop?

1. What is vocabulary?

2. When do you teach vocabulary?


3. When pre-teaching vocabulary,
How would you teach these vocabulary items?
Vocabulary items Technique
hiccup
sustainable development
gifts of youth
jug
shirt
arrow
wrestling
tall
intelligent
4. When pre-teaching vocabulary,
How do you deal with:
1. GRAMMAR?
2. SPELLING?
3. PRONUNCIATION?
4. CONTEXT of USE?
5. How do you equip students with tools to
learn vocabulary by themselves?

A. Vocabulary in context

B. Vocabulary development
A. What is teaching vocabulary in context?

1. Read this text and try to guess the meaning of the highlighted word.
The little girl’s eyes were azure.
To her mother , they were the
same colour as the sky on a clear
day.

2. What do you call the words that help you guess the meaning?
Context clues
TASK
3. What words would teach through the use of context clues?

1. The girl who used to be very vociferous doesn't talk much anymore.
2. Pedagogical institutions, including high schools, kindergartens, and
colleges, require community support to function efficiently.
3. He was so parsimonious that he refused to give his own sons the few
pennies they needed to buy pencils for school. It truly hurt him to part
with his money.
4. His pertinacity, or stubbornness, is the cause of most of his trouble.
5. Rather than be involved in clandestine meetings, they did everything
quite openly.
6. Ecclesiastics, such as priests, ministers, and pastors, should set models
of behavior for their congregants.
7. The girl was churlish – rude, sullen and absolutely ill-mannered.
8. Because the conflagration was aided by wind, it was so destructive that
every building in the area was completely burned to the ground.
B. What is vocabulary development?

1. What is word mapping?

Word mapping is a visual method of grouping words according to certain


principles.

2. What visual methods can you use with your students to


help them map out words?
1. Table / columns

FRUITS VEGETABLES

apple carrots
… …
2. Spider diagram

EXPERIENCE
3. Word web
cupboard
sink

kitchen fridge

living-room cooker

HOUSE

dining-room bedroom
4. Matching

1. a.

2. b.

3. c.

4. d.

5. e.
3. How can you help your students map out words?

topics

Word
derivations mapping associations

collocations
1. Topics
cupboard
sink

kitchen fridge

living-room cooker

HOUSE

dining-room bedroom
2. Derivations

experiment
experimenter experimented

experimentation
expertise EXPERIENCE

experienced experimenting

expert
3. Collocations

1. take a. Rain

2. completely b. deal

3. light c. a vacation

4. a business d. my mind

5. change e. forget
4. Associations

a. Synonyms
b. Antonyms
c. Homonyms
your hand

money a child

RAISE

oneself
an issue

cattle
4. Associations (Cont.)

d. Hypernyms (headwords)/ (umbrella terms)


e. Hyponyms

HYPERNYMS

FRUITS VEGETABLES

apples carrots
bananas potatoes
oranges tomatoes
punes onions

HYPONYMS
6. How can you help students record and
organise vocabulary in their notebooks?

1. Divide notebooks into different sections:

• Grammar;
• Functions,
• Listening/Reading/speaking
• Writing
• Vocabualry

2. Encourage students to have a User Dictionary