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Pakistan Nuclear

Technology
Pakistan’s Strategic Nuclear
Dilemmas
 Maintenance of a balance b/w credibility and minimility.
Minimility erodes the credibility of nuclear deterrent, to
maint credibility Islamabad needs to raise the level of
minimility which necessarily would entail the arms build up
dynamics and would result in Pakistan being pushed into
the trap of an arms race with India.

 Pakistan also confronts the dilemma in pursuit of its policy


of nuclear first use. At the beginning of crisis/conflict or
towards the end of a conflict as a last resort shall it use its
nuclear weapons. Although the policy of first use seems
sound, in practice it could be much harder to
operationalize.
SEQ

 Current Level of War heads and capabilities

 Delivery Systems

 Nucler proliferation

 Nuclear Command and Control System

 Future of Nuclear Armed Pakistan


Estimates of Nuclear Arsenal
Nuclear Delivery Systems
Nuclear Delivery Systems
Current Level of Capability

 Number of Warheads

 Yield

 Heavy Water Reactor

 Deployment and Readiness

 Command and Control Structure


Dynamics of Pakistan’s Missile
Capability

 Origin

 Evolution

 Threat

 Foreign Assistance
Nuclear Proliferation

 Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

 Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

 Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT)


Command and Control System

 Background

 The National Command Authority


Command and Control System
Command and Control
System
Challenges of Nuclear
Politics

 Relative Economic Weakness

 Resource Constraints

 Technological Backwardness

 Unstable Political system

 Weak Domestic Institutions

 Proliferation
Future of Nuclear Pakistan

 A straight line projection of the present system

 Emergence of a moderate, democratic state

 Rise of authoritarianism

 Rise of an Islamic state

 Pakistan after a major war with India.


Elements of National Power

• Nuc power and Armd Forces


• Pool of genius
• Potential for tourism
• Multi cultural and multi ethnic society
• Resource rich
• Maritime Potential
• Emerging Economy