Sunteți pe pagina 1din 255

A ______ used to connect or disconnect at will .



Brake shaft

Lock shaft
The frictional forces depend on coefficient of friction and


Weights of object

Normal force

Friction devices used to regulate the motion of bodies and with




The part of the total frictional energy that is stored in the brake
parts, principally in the drum or disk has been variously estimated
at _______

56% up

86% up

90% up

75% up
The part of an automobile disc clutch that presses against the
flywheel is referred to as

Contact plate

Friction plate

Pressure plate

Sliding plate
The brake capacity to absorb energy is known as


Resistance brake


Braking torque
If the band wraps partly around the brake wheel or drum and
brake action is obtained by pulling the band tight onto the wheel.
This type of brake is known as

Block brake

Band brake


Centrifugal brake
The brake lining operating at temperature ______, sintered
mixtures containing ceramics are used.

750 F to 1000F

560 F to 900F

800F to 1200F

400F to 789F
Hydrodynamic brakes is the major type of

Air brake

Fluid brake

Electric brake

Spot brake
Types of brakes that are capable of stopping the motion of a
machine member as well as retarding its motion

Electrical brake

Fluid brake

Air brake

Mechanical brake
It is considered as the simplest type of mechanical brake

Differential brake

Block brake

Band brake

Brake shoe
The friction devices used to connect shafts




A clutch that has a disadvantage of heavier rotary masses

Multiple disc clutch

Disc clutch

Cone clutch

None of these
The overrunning clutch

Should be oiled

Should be repacked with grease

Cannot be lubricated

Contains no lubricant
The overrunning clutch

Transmits cranking force to the engine flywheel

Is one way clutch

Prevents the engine flywheel from driving the starting motor

All of the above

Clutch, gear box, differential etc, are the parts of

Charging system

Transmission system

Cooling system

None of these
In motor vehicles, it is very common practice to use a

Multiple clutch

Hydraulic clutch

Cone clutch

Single plate clutch

The clutch finger is pushed by

Clutch fork


Clutch bearing

None of these
A hydraulic clutch doesn’t incorporate a

Clutch plate

Oil plate

Vacuum plate

None of these
The lining of a brake shoe

Can be changed

Cannot be fitted

Can be fitted with spring

None of these
Due to air effect, the hydraulic brakes become

More effective



None of these
The efficiency of hydraulic braking system is

About 90 percent

60-80 percent

50-60 percent

40-50 percent
The SAE recommends an angle of _____ for cone clutches faced
with leather or asbestos or having cork inside.




Why does clutch creates noise?

Clutch release bearing is either dry or defective

Clutch spring is broken

Clutch is faulty

All of the above

What faults develop in the brakes?

Brakes do not work properly

Brakes do not disengage

Brakes makes noise

All of the above

Which of the following types of brakes are also changed while
replacing brake lining?

Brake shoes

Shoe rivets

Shoe spring

Block brake
Power brakes require _______ power



What type of oil is used in the hydraulic brake system?

Engine oil

Gear oil

Brake oil

Clutch oil
The principal parts of a hydraulic brake system are the master
cylinder and the

Multi cylinder

Wheel cylinder

Brake wire

Brake shoe
the mechanical brake system the main function is of



Shoe adjuster

Shoe rivets
In motor vehicles, there is a _______ in addition of foot brake

Hand brake

Hydraulic brake

Mechanical brake

Band brake
Which of the following are also used in the suspension system?

Stock absorbers

Brake shoes


Block brakes
There are ______ plates in a multi plate clutch

More than one

Less than one

More than ten

Less than one

Hydraulic clutches are used in _____ vehicles


Foreign made


Which of the following is mounted inside the clutch?

An engine

Gear box propeller shaft

Both the rear axle

All of the above

Which clutch is suitable for mine hoists and other services
where heavy loads are accompanied by severe shock?

Band clutch

Block clutch


Expanding ring clutch

It is used to protect a machine in case of jamming and for
overload protection of motors and engine

Dry fluid clutch

Magnetic clutch

Eddy clutch

Slip clutch
Refers to the simplest type of brakes

Differential brakes

Block brakes

Band brakes

Brake shoe
The practical length of shoe is limited to about
If the angle of contact is _____, the pressure between the
brakes shoe and the drum cannot be considered uniform.

Less than 45 deg

Less than 60 deg

Greater than 60 deg

Greater than 120 deg

It is used to stop the motion of a moving object



Band Clutch

Band brake
The effectiveness of the brake may greatly decrease shortly
after it begins to act continuously, a phenomenon called




Type of brake under the category of power brake is known as

Servo brake

Band brake

Differential brake

Brake shoe
Clutches which are designed to transmit torque for one
direction of rotation of the driver and then free wheel or transmit
essentially no torque when the direction of the driver rotation is

Magnetic clutches

Trip clutches

Overrunning clutches

Slip clutches
The reason for noise at the time of engaging brake

Back plate being loose or bent

Brake shoe being loose or bent

Brake drum could be defective

All of the above

When the vehicle runs brake drum becomes hot because of
friction of the shoe. This fault is known as _______

Brake lining

Brake winding

Back plate

None of the above

The maintenance of mechanical brake is




None of the above

What is the most common defect of clutch?

Slip of the clutch

Clutch does not disengage properly

Clutch creates noise

All of the above

The act of keeping some pressure on the clutch pedal at the
time of driving is known as

Hydraulic clutch

Slip of the clutch

Riding on clutch

Clutch adjustment
Which of the following shortcomings in the cone clutch because
of which the clutch is not used?

Clutch slips quickly

It occupies more space

Adjustment has to be done early

All of the above

c. English Module
a. Fillet Curve
b. Whole Depth
b. Rack Gear
d. Chordal Thickness
c. Clearance
a. 1.25 – 4.00
d. Lead
d. Bevel Gear
a. Helical
b. Pitch Plane
c. Bevel Gear
b. Herringbone Gear
c. 340 – 350 normal
d. Line of Action
a. Base Helix Angle
b. Reduce concentration of stress and extend life of the parts
d. Internal Gear
a. Circle Thickness
b. Bronze rim with cast iron spider
d. Dedendum circle
a. Crown Gear
b. Back Cone
d. Miter Gear
d. Friction Gearing
c. Spur Friction Wheels
a. Evans Friction Cones
a. Cycloidal Gears
b. Bevel Gears
d. Width
c. Chordal Thickness

d. Chordal Length

c. Tend to produce and thrust on the shafts

d. Consists of two left handed helical gears

b. Working depth includes clearance

c. Tooth outline are always cycloidal curves

4. __________ is a kind of gear used to transmit motion from
one shaft to another shaft at an angle to the first.

a. Worm Gear

b. Bevel Gear

c. Helical Gear

d. Spur Gear
5. A circle coinciding with a tangent to the bottom of the tooth

a. Pitch Circle

b. Root Circle

c. Base Circle

d. Outside Circle
6. A circle the radius of which is equal to the distance from the
gear axis to the pitch point.

a. Pitch Circle

b. Root Circle

c. Base Circle

d. Outside Circle
7. Ratio of pitch diameter to the number of teeth.

a. Diametral Pitch

b. Module

c. Contact Ratio

d. Helical Overlap
8. A kind of gear used for heavy duty works where a large ratio
of speed is required and are extensively used in speed
reducer is known as

a. Worm Gear

b. Spiral Gear

c. Helical Gear

d. Bevel Gear
9. The ratio of the number of teeth to the number of mm of
pitch diameter equals number of gear teeth to each mm of
pitch diameter.

a. Diametral Pitch

b. Module

c. Circular Pitch

d. English Module
10. The depth of tooth space below the pitch circle.

a. Dedendum

b. Working Depth

c. Full Depth

d. Tooth Depth
11. The total depth of a tooth space equal to the addendum
plus dedendum

a. Full Length

b. Working Depth

c. Whole Depth

d. Dedendum
12. A circle coinciding with a tangent to the bottom of the
tooth space.

a. Root Circle

b. Pitch Circle

c. Addendum Circle

d. Dedendum
13. The diameter of a circle coinciding with the top of the teeth
of an internal gear

a. Pitch Diameter

b. Root Diameter

c. Internal Diameter

d. Central Diameter
14. A gear with teeth on the outer cylindrical surface.

a. Outer Gear

b. External Gear

c. Spiral Gear

d. Helical Gear
15. Addendum of a cyclodal gear tooth.

a. Cycloid

b. Epicycloid

c. Straight Rack

d. Involute
16. When meshed with a gear, it is used to change rotary
motion to reciprocating motion is

a. Gear Shaft

b. Gear Tooth

c. Gear Rack

d. Gear Motor
17. The portion of the gear tooth space that is cut below the
pitch circle and is equal to the addendum plus the clearance

a. Top Root

b. Dedendum

c. Addendum

d. Tooth Space
18. The portion of a gear tooth that projects above or outside
the pitch circle.

a. Top Relief

b. Dedendum

c. Addendum

d. Tooth Space
19. The distance from the center of one tooth of a gear to the
center of the next consecutive tooth measured on the pitch.

a. Circular Pitch

b. Module

c. Diametral Pitch

d. Circular Pitch
20. The number of teeth per inch of pitch diameter and which
gives some indications of the size of the gear teeth.

a. Module

b. Pitch Circle

c. Diametral Pitch

d. Circular Pitch
21. An imaginary circle passing through the points at which
the teeth of the meshing gears contact each other.

a. Pitch Circle

b. Addendum Circle

c. Dedendum Circle

d. Base Circle
22. If the lead angle of a worm is 22.5 degrees then the helix
angle will be ___________.

a. 45 degrees

b. 67.5 degrees

c. 22.5 degrees

d. 90 degrees
23. Refers to the smallest wheel of a gear train.

a. Pinion

b. Idler

c. Spur

d. Driver
24. Spiral gears are suitable for transmitting

a. Small Power

b. Any Power

c. Huge Power

d. Pulsating Power
25. Zero axial thrust is experienced in

a. Helical Gears

b. Herringbone Gears

c. Spiral Gears

d. Bevel Gears
26. Bevel gears are used to transmit rotary motion between
two shafts whose axes are

a. Parallel

b. Non – coplanar

c. Non – intersecting

d. None of the above

27. According to law of gearing

a. Teeth should be involute type

b. Clearance between mating teeth should be provided

c. Dedendum should be equal to 1.57M

d. None of these
28. Gears for watches are generally manufactured by

a. Die casting

b. Machining on hobber

c. Machining on a gear shaper

d. Stamping
29. In case of gears the addendum is given by

a. One module

b. 2.157 x module

c. 1.57 x module

d. 1.25 / module
30. In case of cross helical worm the axes of the two shafts

a. Parallel

b. Intersecting

c. Non – parallel

d. Non – parallel / non - intersecting

31. In case of spur gears the flank of the tooth

a. The part of the tooth surface lying below the pitch surface

b. The curve forming face and flank

c. The width of the gear tooth measured axially along the

pitch surface

d. The surface of the top of the tooth

32. A reverted gear train is one in which

a. The direction of rotation of first and last gear is opposite

b. The direction of rotation of first and last gear is the same

c. The first and the last gear are essentially on separate but
parallel shafts

d. None of the above

33. For best running conditions of gear, the contact ratio
should be about

a. 1.25 to 1.40

b. 1.20 to 1.45

c. 1.34 to 1.56

d. 1.62 to 1.45
34. The _____________ full depth teeth have the advantages of
the greater capacity and less interference trouble.

a. 14.5 0

b. 24 0

c. 20 0

d. 30 0
35. _____________ is the average tangential force on the teeth
is then obtained from the horsepower.

a. Total load

b. Separation load

c. Pressure load

d. Tangential load
36. The service factor of a gear may be taken as
______________ if an electric motor drives a centrifugal

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4
37. The kind of wear occurs because of a fatigue of the
surface material as a result of high contact stresses is known

a. Slotting

b. Pitting

c. Involuting

d. curving
38. ___________ is caused by foreign matter such as grit or
metal particles or by a failure of the oil film at low speed

a. Suction

b. Scoring

c. Abrasion

d. Corrosion
39. ___________ occurs when the oil film fails but in this case
the load and speed are so high that the surface metal is
melted and metal sis smeared down the profile.

a. Abrasion

b. Corrosion

c. Spalling

d. Scoring
40. ___________ is a surface fatigue of greater extent than
pitting that is the flakes are much larger. This type of failure
occurs in surface-hardened teeth.

a. Abrasion

b. Corrosion

c. Spalling

d. Scoring
41. Buckingham says that mating phenolic gears with steel of
BHN less than ______________ leads to excessive abrasive

a. 200

b. 300

c. 400

d. 500
42. _________ is the extra tooth in gear, which is use to
distribute the wear more evenly.

a. Hunting Tooth

b. Tooth Profile

c. Dummy Tooth

d. Add Tooth
43.The length of the hub should not be
made___________ the face width of the gear.

a. less than
b. equal
c. greater than
d. none of these
44. ______________ is a gear that has teeth cut
on the inside of the rim instead of on the

a. External gear
b. Involute gear
c. Stub Gear
d. Annular gear
45. To eliminate fouling, let the minimum
difference in tooth numbers between the
internal gear and pinion be ____ for 14.5 deg
involute full depth.

a. 10 teeth
b. 12 teeth
c. 14 teeth
d. 16 teeth
46. The loss pair of spur, helical or bevel gears in
an ordinary train should not exceed

a. 4%
b. 6%
c. 2%
d. 5%
47. The typical helix angle ranges from
________ to __________.

a. 10 deg to 12 deg
b. 12 deg to 15 deg
c. 14 deg to 20 deg
d. 15 deg to 25 deg
48. _____ is the advance of the tooth in the face
width divided by circular pitch.

a. Face contact ratio

b. Speed ratio
c. Profile ratio
d. Advance ratio
49. The distance between the teeth measured
on the pitch surface along a normal to the

a. Lead
b. Lead angle
c. Normal Circular pitch
d. Pitch
50. The hardness of helical and herringbone
teeth cut after heat treatment will generally
fall between the limits of

a. 210 and 300 Brinell

b. 147 and 300 Brinell
c. 230 and 320 Brinell
d. 220 and 320 Brinell
1. Helical Gears mounted on non-parallel shafts
are called___________

a. Open gear
b. Crossed helical gear
c. Closed helical gear
d. Herringbone gear
2. _____________ is used to connect
intersecting shafts, usually but not necessarily
at 90 degrees.
a. Bevel gear
b. Helical gear
c. Spur gear
d. Worm gear
3. Bevel gear teeth are built with respect to
a______ rather than to pitch cylinder as in
spur gears.
a. Pitch pedal
b. Pitch profile
c. Pitch cone
d. Cylinder
4. Refers to the length of pitch cone in a bevel

a. Cone center
b. Lead
c. Center distance
d. Pitch
5. Refers to the cone that is formed by the
elements of the top lands.

a. Face cone
b. Root face
c. Dial face
d. Pitch Face
6. The cone formed by the elements of bottom

a. Face cone
b. Root cone
c. Back cone
d. Rake cone
7. An imaginary cone whose elements are
perpendicular to the pitch cone elements at
the large end of the tooth.
a. Front cone
b. Side cone
c. Rear cone
d. Back cone
8. _____________ is one whose tooth profiles
consist of straight elements that converge to a
point at the cone center.
a. Circular bevel gear
b. Straight bevel gear
c. Path bevel gear
d. Herringbone gear
9. The desired quality in gear is

a. Quietness
b. Durability
c. Strength
d. All of these
10. Straight and Zerol bevel gears should not be
used when the pitch line velocity is greater

a. 800 rpm
b. 850 rpm
c. 875 rpm
d. 900 rpm
11. The spiral bevel gears are recommended
when the pitch line speed exceeds

a. 1000 fpm
b. 1100 fpm
c. 1500 fpm
d. 2000 fpm
12. When the pitch line speed is above the 8000
fpm the teeth should be

a. Ground after hardening

b. Should be cooled in air
c. Should be quenched after
d. None of these
13. _____________ have curved teeth as in
spiral bevels, but with zero spiral angle.

a. Spiral gears
b. Zerol bevel gears
c. Zero bevel gears
d. Straight bevel gears
14. _______________ is a gear that has an
advantage of smoother tooth engagement
quietness of operation greater strength and
higher permissible speeds.

a. Zerol bevel gear

b. Straight Bevel gear
c. Hypoid bevel gear
d. Spiral bevel gear
15. When the pair of bevel gears of the same
size is on shafts intersecting at right angle,
they are called______________.

a. Mold Gear
b. Helix gear
c. Miter gear
d. Tangent gear
16. The use of gearbox provides

a. Gear leverage
b. More torque
c. More speed
d. None of these
17. For equalizing the rotation of two gears, a
gearbox employs

a. Dog and clutch

b. Crown gear
c. Star pinion
d. None of these
18. In a constant mesh gearbox, all the speed
gears remain

a. Separate
b. Joined to their couples
c. Of the same measurements
d. None of these
19. If a big gears is moved by a small gear then
the big gear

a. Will not rotate

b. Will rotate in reverse direction
c. Will rotate fastly
d. None of these
20. _________ are bevel gears mounted on
intersecting shafts at angle of other than 90

a. Right angle gears

b. Half gears
c. Inclined gears
d. Angular gears
21. The pitch angle is 90 degrees that is, the
pitch cone has become a plane.

a. Atten gear
b. Crown gear
c. Cool gear
d. Hiphap gear
22. ______________ is used to transmit power
between non-intersecting shafts, nearly
always at right angle to each other.

a. Spur gear
b. Ordinary gear
c. Bevel gear
d. Worm gear
23. What are the two types of construction for
the worm?

a. Shell and Cylindrical

b. Shell and Zigzag
c. Shell and Integral
d. Tube and Integral
24. The standard pressure angle for fine pitch
gears is _____________ degrees and is
recommended for most applications.

a. 14.5 degrees
b. 16 degrees
c. 20 degrees
d. 21 degrees
25. The contact ratio of pair of mating spur gears
must be well over___________ to insure a
smooth transfer of load from one pair of teeth
to the next pair.

b. 2.0
c. 3.0
d. 4.0
26. As general rule contact ratio should not be
less than

a. 1.1
b. 1.2
c. 1.3
d. 1.4
27. Surface roughness on active profile surfaces
on gear is about _______ pitch.

a. 30
b. 32
c. 34
d. 36
28. Tooth breakage on gear is usually

a. A tensile fatigue
b. A contact stress
c. A crack
d. None of these
29. AGMA means

a. American German manufacturer Association

b. Athletic Gear Main Association
c. American Gear Metal Association
d. American Gear Manufacturers Association
30. Which of the following does not belong to
the group?

a. Tooth scoring
b. Tooth breakage
c. Pitting
d. Toughing
31. Well proportion commercial gears with a
pitch line velocity of less than ___________
will normally not score of they have a
reasonably good surface finish and are
properly lubricated.

a. 6000 fpm
b. 6500 fpm
c. 7000 fpm
d. 8000 fpm
32. Experimental data from actual gear unit
measurements are seldom repeatable within a
plus or minus __________ band.

a. 5%
b. 10%
c. 15%
d. 20%
33. Pitting is a function of the Hertzian contact
stresses between two cylinders and is
proportioned to the square root of the

a. Applied load
b. The contact stress
c. the stress
d. Impact
34. When an excitation frequency coincides with
a natural frequency, this is known to be

a. Unity
b. Resonance
c. Obliquity
d. Sinusoidal
35. The average tooth stiffness constant of face
is usually

a. 1.5 to 2psi
b. 3 to 6 psi
c. 3 to 4 psi
d. 7.5 to 10 psi
36. When the number of teeth in a pair of
meshing gears are such that they do not have
a common divisor _____________.

a. Dummy
b. LCD
c. Add it
d. Hunting
37. For internal gears having a 20 degree
pressure angle and full depth teeth, the
difference between the number of teeth in a
gear and pinion should nit be less than

a. 10
b. 12
c. 14
d. 16
38. Zerol bevel gears of 20 degree angle should
have a pinion either no less than

a. 15 teeth
b. 16 teeth
c. 17 teeth
d. 18 teeth
39. ___________ are machine elements that
transmit motion by means of successively
engaging teeth.

a. Sprockets
b. Gears
c. Tooth belt
d. Annular
40. Arc of the pitch circle through which a tooth
travels from the first point of contact with the
mating tooth to the pitch point is called:

a. Arc of contact
b. Arc of approach
c. Arc of recess
d. Arc of action
41. Height of tooth above pitch or the distance
between the pitch circle and the top of the
tooth is called:

a. Dedendum
b. Addendum
c. Working depth
d. Total depth
42. The circle that bounds the outer ends of the

a. Addendum circle
b. Dedendum circle
c. Pitch circle
d. Root circle
43. The angle through which the gear turns from
the time a given pair of teeth are in contact at
the pitch point until they pass out the mesh.

a. Pressure angle
b. Angle of action
c. Angle of approach
d. Angle of recess
44. The angle through which the gear turns from
the time a given pair of teeth are in contact at
the pitch point until they pass out the mesh.

a. Pressure angle
b. Angle of action
c. Angle of approach
d. Angle of recess
45. The angle through which the gear turns from
the time a particular pair of teeth come into in
contact until they are in contact at the pitch

a. Pressure angle
b. Angle of action
c. Angle of approach
d. Angle of recess
46. Arc of the circle through which a tooth
travels from the point of contact with the
mating tooth to the pitch point is called;

a. Arc of contact
b. Arc of approach
c. Arc of recess
d. Arc of action
47. The ratio of the arc of approach to the arc of

a. Approach ratio
b. Action ratio
c. Recess ratio
d. Contact ratio
48. In a pair of gear, it is the plane that contains
the two aces in a simple gear, it may be any
lane containing the axes and the given point.

a. Axial planea
b. Central plane
c. Normal plane
d. Transverse plane
49. Arc of the pitch circle through which a tooth
travels from its contact with the mating tooth
at the pitch point where the contact ceases is

a. Arc of contact
b. Arc of approach
c. Arc of recess
d. Arc of action
50. The amount by which the width of the tooth
space exceeds the thickness of the engaging
tooth on the pitch circles.

a. Clearance
b. Tolerance
c. Allowance
d. Backlash