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Y9 Core KO (Knowledge Organisers) – Learning this information

will be so valuable!

1. Fiction Reading (Language Paper 1)

2. Narrative Writing (Language Paper 1)
3. Anthology – War Poetry (Literature Paper 1)
4. Non-Fiction Writing (Language Paper 2)
5. Romeo and Juliet (Literature Paper 1)

KNOWLEDGE Comprehension:
Ability to select short, phrases or words that give exact responses to the question.
Bullet point style answers, which are concise and to the point.
Terminology Definition Analysis Points:
Explicit obvious or easy to select as the meaning Link to the question
Link to the terminology (Lang/Structure – evaluating choice)
Implicit inferred - it is suggested, but not actually said, the Short Quote(s)
reader reads between the lines Explain meaning and effect – both obvious and hidden (explicit and implicit)
Effect cause (something) to happen; bring about: Zoom in on words/explore connotations and effect
Suggest what other readers might think/feel (offering an alternative opinion)
Tension state of mental or emotional strain or suspense in Link to the writer’s intentions (step out from the close analysis to give an overview of
the story meaning)
Impression an idea, feeling, or opinion about something or Explore a linking quote/supporting idea
someone Evaluation Points
Evaluation Points:
Evaluate form an idea of the amount, number, or value of;
Link to the question
Give a quote which links to your idea
Evidence To use a quotation from a text (short and snappy Explain briefly what the quote means
is best) Explain your own opinion in relation to the question
Vocabulary Definition Explain what other reader suggest or predict what other readers might contradict your opinion
or point with.
Macabre Disturbing because it is concerned with death.

Sinister Evil and dangerous Exam Question Requirements

Psychopathic – Having a serious mental illness that leads to A1 One question with five points
violent behaviour  Selecting evidence or own words, Bullet point list, No analysis
A2 One Language Analysis question
Stereotype An oversimplified idea of the typical
characteristics of someone/something  Link to question, Link to technique – language, Quotation – 4 – 5, Explore hidden
& obvious meaning & Effect, Link to writer’s intentions
Subverting damage or weaken an established system
A3 One Language Analysis question
Naive Lacking experience, wisdom or  Link to question, Link to technique – language , Quotation – 7 – 8, Explore hidden
judgement & obvious meaning & Effect, Link to writer’s intentions
Vulnerable Exposed to harm in some way A4 One Language/Structure Analysis question
Menace Associated with a sense of threat or danger
 Link to question, Link to technique – language and structure/tension/drama,
Quotations – 7 – 8, Explore hidden & obvious meaning & Effect, Link to writers’
Compulsion an irresistible urge to do something / forced to do intentions
something A5 One persuasive evaluation question
Calm, free from disturbance
Tranquil  Link to question, Give own opinion, Quotations – 7 – 8, Evaluate the writers’
Animalistic Displaying similar behaviour to that of an animal viewpoint and own response to this
SPAG – Applying Spelling, punctuation and grammar effectively. Minimum expectations: capital
letters, full stops, commas & apostrophes. Challenge: colons, semi-colons, parenthesis, exclamation
Vocabulary Definition marks, ellipsis
to create Sentence structures – applying a variety for effect – simple, compound and complex. PANIC
emotions sentence openers & being able to apply these.
Paragraphing – TIPTOP –Time, Person, Topic, Place
Uplifting Inspiring happiness or
Joyful Expressing great Narrative Definition Exam Question Requirements
pleasure or joy
Writing Write a clear, believable and engaging short story which has a
Hopeful Feeling or inspiring Terminology start, middle and end and which follows a clear plot line.
optimism for the future Organisation and Communication must be well structured and
Freytag’s narrative Exposition, Rising Action, Falling Action, Climax, Resolution clear.
Despair Complete loss of all structure SPAG & vocabulary must be accurate and effective.
Narrative Hook The start of a story that grabs the reader’s attention in some
Distress Extreme anxiety, way Success Criteria for a well thought out story
sorrow or pain Exposition Background information about characters, time, location 1. Unusual, intriguing description
Melancholy A feeling of pensive Rising Action is a series of relevant incidents that create suspense, interest 2. Brief, realistic dialogue
sadness with no and tension in a narrative
obvious cause
3. Showing not telling
Dramatic Peak/Climax the most intense, exciting, or important point of the story 4. Linking beginning to the end
Optimistic Looking at the positive
aspects of life Falling Action What occurs directly after the climax 5. Pathetic fallacy
6. Asides
Pessimistic Looking at the negative Resolution the action of solving a problem or contentious matter
aspects of life 7. Paragraph Links / cliff hangers
Cliff-hanger A tense line or moment that creates suspense or intrigue
Pensive Thoughtful mood
8. Sensory Description
Withholding Holding back information from the reader for effect 9. Not rushing the dramatic section
Frustrated Feeling of annoyance information
10. Starting sentences in a variety of ways PANIC:
Asides Where a character talks to the reader, often in brackets
With a preposition, adverb/adjective, noun, ‘ing’
Inferior Lower in rank status or
Plot the main events of a play, novel, film, or similar work,
quality presented by the writer in a related sequence.
word (verbs), connectives
Sentimental feelings of tenderness, Character the mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual in Punctuation Rules to Apply
sadness, or nostalgia a story
Capital Letters: For Proper Nouns – Name of place/person &
Setting the place or type of surroundings where something is
at the start of a sentence
Powerful Having great power or positioned or where an event takes place
Full Stops: end of a sentence that is not a question or
strength statement
The Senses Sight, Sound, Touch, Taste, Feel – embedding these elements
Comma: separates lists/phrases/words & when using sentence
Insignificant Too small or unworthy into a story adverbs (‘however’, ‘moreover’ etc.) from the rest of the
to be considered Pathetic Fallacy ascribing human conduct and feelings to nature
sentence, & to indicate a sub-clause in a sentence
important Apostrophe: ~ to show that letters have been left out.
Symbolism the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities & to show possession.
Nostalgia A longing for the past
Analysis Points: REQUIREMENTS
ANTHOLOGY CORE KO Link to the question
Link to the terminology (Lang/Structure – evaluating choice) SINGLE POEM ESSAY –
Terminolo Definition Short Quote(s) 20 mins (including
gy Explain meaning and effect – both obvious and hidden (explicit and implicit) planning time)
Zoom in on words/explore connotations and effect Intro – link to
Imagery visually descriptive or figurative language Suggest what other readers might think/feel (offering an alternative opinion) question. Explain the
Link to the writer’s intentions (step out from the close analysis to give an overview of meaning) overall meaning of the
Simile comparison between two things using like or as
Explore a linking quote/supporting idea
poem briefly. Mention
Metaphor where one thing becomes another in a COMPARISON SKILLS:
Link to the question for both texts stating the similarity or difference, time period/context.
Give a quote which links to your idea from TEXT 1 Throughout the essay
Onomatopoeia words that sound like their meaning Explain briefly what the quote means – Choose relevant
Symbolism the use of symbols to represent ideas or Use comparative connectives in your answer to then explain a quote from TEXT 2 and HOW the quotes are quotes and analyse the
qualities different or the same and what they make you think language, structure
Dulce et Decorum est –by Wilfred Owen (1917) Mametz Wood – by Owen Sheers and effect of these
Noun the name of something (Proper Noun: people, quotes. Refer to the
places, dates & months must have a capital question and link to
letter at the start)
Considers the horror and lies told about the glory of war and Explores the waste of life within a Welsh regiment sent to
the context regularly.
Personification giving human qualities to inanimate objects, dying for one’s country, with an account of a gas attack. fight and die at Mametz Wood and never given credit. As
animals, or natural phenomena the farmers find their bodies, their voices are heard COMPARISON POEM
again, and we remember them. ESSAY – 40 mins
Adjective a word used to describe
Latin – ‘It is sweet and fitting to die for one’s country’ – Part of Battle of the Somme – bloodiest battle of WW1. (including planning
Verb a word used to describe an action Propaganda message of the time. Mametz Wood – much bigger undertaking than Generals time)
Owen experienced WW1 first hand, and believed this to be a lie. thought – 600 died, 4000 injured. Intro – link to
Adverb often ly words which describes how things are Use of mustard gas was a chemical first used by German army in Bravery not acknowledged at the time.
1917 –led to agonising death. Welsh poet fascinated by history/identity of the Welsh. question. Explain the
overall meaning of the
‘Like old beggars under sacks, coughing like hags’ ‘’For years afterwards, the farmers found them –the poem briefly. Mention
Juxtaposition placing contrasting ideas close together in a
‘Gas! Gas, quick boys!’ wasted young’
text ‘He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning’ ‘The broken bird’s egg of a skull’ time period/context.
‘His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin’ ‘Twenty men buried in one long grave’ Throughout the essay–
Repetition giving human qualities to inanimate objects, ‘My friend, you would not tell with such high zest’ ‘Their skeletons paused mid dance macabre’ Start with the 2nd
animals, or natural phenomena ‘absent tongues’
poem, choose relevant
Enjambment incomplete sentences at the end of lines in The Manhunt – by Simon The Soldier – by Rupert Brooke (1914) A Wife in London – by Thomas Hardy quotes from the poem
poetry, where one line runs on to the next for Armitage (2007) (1899) and analyse the
effect language, structure
A wife waits alone in the gloomy London fog, and effect of these
Caesura a break in the middle of a line of poem using A soldier with physical and An idealistic representation of fighting and She receives news of her husband’s death, by
punctuation (. , : ; ) emotional pain. His wife dying for one’s country, written before the telegram, then the next day ironically receives quotes and then how
supports him towards true horrors became apparent. a love letter from him. they link to examples
Rhythm A recurring beat in the poem recovery
and analysis from
About the Boer War, and a soldier’s death.
Eddie Beddoes –peacekeeper Written before the war started. Communication channels bad in 19th century. poem 1. You must use
Stanzas a verse of poetry in Bosnia, shot, PTSD. Propaganda – originally entitled ‘The recruit’ Poet separated from wife. Wife died. He still connectives of
Rebuilding relationship with 2 million men ended up dying in WW1 loved her though & read her letters after her
Comparison Connectives Tentative Phrases wife. comparison. Refer to
death – links to voice from beyond the grave
the question and link
Similarly In contrast Could Maybe ‘Frozen river which ran ‘There’s some corner of a foreign field that is to the context
‘She sits in the tawny vapour’
through his face’ forever England’
/Contrastingly ‘Handle and hold’ ‘A dust whom England bore, shaped, made
‘A messenger’s knock cracks smartly’ regularly.
‘Flashed news’
‘His grazed heart’ aware’
In the same On the other Might Possibly ‘Foetus of metal beneath his ‘All evil shed away’
‘Shaped so shortly – He –has fallen-in the far
South Land.’
way hand chest’ ‘Gives somewhere back the thoughts by
‘His hand, whom the worm now knows’
‘Unexploded mine buried England given’
‘Penned in highest feather – page full of his
Also However May Perhaps deep in his mind’ ‘At peace under and English heaven’
hoped return’
NON-FICTION WRITING CORE KO Exam Question Requirements

2 Tasks – 30 minutes each –Plan(2 mins/Write and Edit -28

Terminology Definition mins)
PAFT Purpose, audience, form and tone Writing for 2 different purpose, audience and formats with clear
Purpose What a text trying to do. Is it informative, advisory or communication and technical accuracy.
persuasive • Write a report about…..for….
• Write a letter to…..about…
Audience Who a text is aimed at SPAG & vocabulary must be accurate and effective.
Format The type of text (eg: letter, speech, report etc) Punctuation Rules to Apply
Capital Letters: For Proper Nouns – Name of place/person & at
Tone The way a piece of text sounds e.g. sarcastic etc. The the start of a sentence
mood or atmosphere in the writing. Full Stops: end of a sentence that is not a question or statement
Comma: separates lists/phrases/words & when using sentence
Hyperbole Use of exaggerated terms for emphasis. adverbs (‘however’, ‘moreover’ etc.) from the rest of the
sentence, & to indicate a sub-clause in a sentence
Anecdote A short story often from one’s own experience Colon: to introduce a list.
Parenthesise: To include additional information.
Directives Using you, we or us.
How to develop ANY non-fiction paragraph:
Asides Offering a quick humorous comment to the reader,
Start in an interesting way –Use ‘Imagine…’ perhaps.
often in brackets
Ask yourself why your idea is important.
Facts/Statistics Facts and figures Give a specific example of how it might work.
Consider what effect it will have or why it might be different to
Passive voice When the subject of the sentence has an action the norm.
done to it but something or someone else. E.g. the Finish up with a persuasive technique.
dog was being washed by the girl.
Modal Verb A word that provides an option -Should, Could, SKILLS
Might SPAG – Applying spelling, punctuation and grammar effectively.
Minimum expectations: capital letters, full stops, commas &
Rhetorical Question Asking a question as a way of asserting something.
apostrophes. Challenge: colons, semi-colons, parenthesis,
Asking a question, which already has the answer exclamation marks, hyphens.
hidden in it. Sentence structures – applying a variety for effect – simple,
compound and complex. Using time and sequencing
Anecdote A short story, often from one’s own experience
Guilt trip Making the reader feel guilty about something Paragraphing – TIPTOP rules & being able to apply these
Repetition Where words or phrases are used more than once in Persuasion – Using a range of techniques effectively and
a piece of writing suitably (FATHORSE/HADAFOREST)
2nd person –‘You’ 1st person –‘I’ 1st person –‘I’ 3rd person
 Modal phrases –  Rhetorical Questions  Strengths&  For each of the 3
should/could/perhaps  Facts / Statistics Weaknesses sections, provide a
 Rhetorical questions to  Imagery  Humour problem, and
strengthen advice  Short Sentence  Descriptive techniques recommended solution
 Keep it simple,  Flattery –adjectives, similes  Formal style
uncomplicated  Guilt trip  Directives / Asides  Factual
 2nd person – ‘You’ NOT 1st  Anecdote  Exaggeration /  Combines informative
person ‘I’  Directives Hyperbole and advice writing
 Informal, friendly tone  Repetition  Informal friendly tone  Passive voice
 Reassuring  Exaggeration/Hyperbole
 Give choices/alternatives  Emotive Language

Structure / Format Reminders

FOR ANY TASK: Aim for a brief introduction,
3 detailed points/paragraphs,
a brief conclusion
Article Speech Letter Report
 Title  Introduce who you  Your address, date,  Title
are/speech topic Dear Sir/Madam/Mr  Sub-headings
 Grab audience’s Smith
attention to begin  End with -Yours
 End with a powerful faithfully/sincerely
final message
SKILLS Act & Theme Key Moments
Analysis Points: Prologue: Exposition of feud between
Link to the question Love, Civil Montagues and Capulets. Love story &
Vocabulary Definition Terminology Definition War, Fate deaths of Romeo & Juliet revealed .
Link to the terminology
Unrequited Love which is felt by one (Lang/Structure – evaluating Conflict
Tragedy Form of the play
love person, but not returned exploring tragic events & choice) Act 1: Civil Servants of both houses fight in the
downfall of character Short Quote(s) War, street. Prince breaks it up. Paris asks to
Patriarchy Society dominated by Explain meaning and effect – Conflict marry Juliet. Nurse reveals this to
males who rule over Dramatic Irony where the audience are
both obvious and hidden Law, Fate, Juliet & we see their close bond.
females more aware of the action
(explicit and implicit) Patriarchy Romeo argues against going to the
happening than the
Masculinity Traits relating to being Zoom in on words/explore Family ball. R&J meet & fall in love at the
stereotypically male Relationship Capulet Ball. Tybalt recognises Romeo
connotations and effect
Soliloquy an individual character in & wants to fight. Lord Capulet stops
Suggest what other readers him.
Impulsive Acting/doing something a play speaking their
might think/feel (offering an
without thinking thoughts out loud to the
alternative opinion) Act 2: Civil Chorus inform of the futile love.
Link to the writer’s intentions War, Romeo abandons his friends & jumps
Loyalty Having a strong feeling of
Protagonists The main character who (step out from the close analysis Conflict into Capulet’s orchard. Balcony scene
support or allegiance
propels the action Law , Fate, – they confess their love & arrange to
to give an overview of meaning)
forward Patriarchy, marry. Friar Laurence agrees to marry
Audience Spectators or listeners Explore a linking
Family R&J. Tybalt challenges Romeo. Nurse
Celestial Images relating to quote/supporting idea Relationship acts as messenger regarding the
Wisdom Quality of having good Imagery heaven EXAM REQUIREMENTS wedding. They marry in secret.
judgement/being wise
Oxymoron using two opposing Act 3: Civil Mercutio & Tybalt fight. Tybalt kills
terms together, that EXTRACT ONLY:
Justice Fair treatment or war, Cnflict, Mercutio. In anger Romeo kills Tybalt.
normally contradict each Intro – link to the question with
behaviour Death, Love, Prince banishes Romeo to Mantua.
other overview of meaning in the extract.
Religion, First the lovers spend the night
Rebellion Armed resistance to a Explain where the extract happens
Law, Fate, together. Juliet is distraught about
government or the laws Juxtaposition Placing contrasting ideas in the play, Start of extract – choose
Patriarchy, Romeo being banished. Capulet agrees
close together in a text 2 – 3 quotes to explore, Middle of
Family to Paris & Juliet marrying. Juliet
Marriage Formal union of two extract – choose 2 – 3 quotes to
Foreshadowing a hint or suggestion of Relationship refuses to marry him. The nurse says
persons in the eyes of explore, End of the extract – choose
what might happen later she should.
god 2 – 3 quotes to explore, Conclude –
in the story Short summary of points Act 4: Fate, Friar plans to give Juliet sleeping drug.
Aggression Anger which results in Emotive Language which creates ESSAY ON ROMEO & JULIET: Intro – Love, Death, Juliet agrees to marry Paris. Takes the
aggressive behaviour Language an emotion in the reader link to the question with overview of Patriarchy, drug. Everyone thinks she is dead
meaning. Explain which 3 to 4 events Family (Nurse finds her).
Maternal Feelings which are Connotations/ Implied or suggested in the play you will focus on. Idea 1 - Relationship
related to being a Zooming in meanings of a word or choose a moment from the play to
mother phrases explore (quotes if remembered) Idea Act 5: Romeo doesn’t receive a letter about
2 - choose a 2nd moment from the Death, Fate, the Friar’s plan. He hears she is dead.
Societal Social normalities Hyperbole use of extremely Conflict, Buys poison. Friar Laurence sends
play to explore (quotes if
expectation relating to the time exaggerated terms for Family another letter. Romeo arrives at the
remembered) - Idea 3 - choose a
emphasis moment from the play to explore Relationship tomb. Kills Paris. Drinks poison. Juliet
Morbid An interest in death and s, Love, Law, awakes to find Romeo dead. Juliet
Puns Joke exploiting the (quotes if remembered) - Idea 4 –
disease Religion, stabs herself. The families are brought
possible different choose a moment to explore (quotes
Futile pointless meanings of a word if remembered) Patriarchy, together in grief.
Conclude – Short summary of points
Character Quotes & Technique & Brief Analysis
ROMEO – Main “In sadness, cousin, I do love a women” Act1:1 – juxtaposition Romeo swooning and pining for Rosaline. “Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon,” Act 2 Metaphor to show
Protagonist his rejection of Rosaline in favour of Juliet. “With love’s light wings did I o’erperch these walls,” Act 2:2” Celestial Imagery to show he is linked to God and the heavens. “O I
am Fortune’s fool” Act 3:1 –Metaphor/ Alliteration. Cursing fate after he has killed Tybalt. “Death hath had no power yet upon thy beauty.” Act 5:3 Imagery to show that
death hasn’t changed Juliet’s appearance yet – Shakespeare is playing with the audience here. ”Thus with a kiss I die” Act 5:3 statement first person – he dies

JULIET – Main “You kiss by the book” Act 1:5 – metaphor – falling in love with Romeo. “My only love sprung from my only hate” Act 1:5 – juxtaposition/Oxymoron –
Protagonist Realising Romeo’s family. “What’s in a name? That which we call any rose would smell as sweet.” Act 2:2 –metaphor –Juliet questioning Romeo’s family
names importance. “Methinks I see thee now, thou art so low, as are dead in the bottom of the tomb” Act 3:5 –Juliet has a vision of Romeo lying dead.
“Proud I can never be of what I hate” Act 3:5 – Juliet saying to her father that she cannot be proud of being paired with Paris. “O happy dagger –let me
die!”Act 5:3–Personification – Juliet before she kills herself.
TYBALT – “What, drawn, and talk of peace! I hate the word, as I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee” –Act 1:1 –Repetition – Tybalt showing his primary character trait
Cousin to Juliet of loving fighting.“This, by his voice, should be a Montague.— Fetch me my rapier, boy.” Act 1:5 Tybalt recognises Romeo who has gatecrashed the party
- Antagonist and wants to attack him. “Boy, this shall not excuse the injuries that thou hast done me. Therefore turn and draw.” Act 3:5 – Metaphor – Tybalt
emphasising how he feels damaged by Romeo’s behaviour, and is determined to fight.
LORD CAPULET “What noise is this? Give me my long sword, ho!” Act 1:1 – Capulet keen to join in the fighting “And, to say truth, Verona brags of him to be a virtuous and
– Juliet’s father well-governed youth.” – Act 1:5 –Adjectives - At Capulet’s party, he admits that Romeo is an honourable, young man. “hang thee, young baggage.” –Act 3:5
– adjectives - Capulet insulting Juliet.
NURSE – “What lamb? What Ladybird! God forbid, where’s this girl? What Juliet?” – Act 1: 3 – Rhetorical questions - nurse calling Juliet to speak to her mother. “I am so vexed that
Capulet every part about me quivers.” – Act 2:4 adjectives hyperbole – the nurse is angry about the way Romeo and his friends are speaking to her. “She’s dead decease’d, she’s
household dead, she’s dead!” – Act 4:5 Repetition –alerts Lady Capulet to Juliet’s pretend death

FRIAR “For this alliance may so happy prove/To turn your households rancour to pure love.” A2:3 poetic/hopeful tone – FL agrees to marry R&J hoping it stops the fighting . “O
LAURENCE – Juliet, I already know thy grief,” Act 4:1 – compassionate tone, connotations, showing FL is aware of how Juliet feels about marrying Paris and that he is complicit in her
unaffiliated possible bigamy if she does marry Paris. “Come, I’ll dispose of thee among a sisterhood of Nuns.” Act 5:3 Friar Laurence plotting even at the end to try and help Juliet escape
the marriage to Paris, even when the sleeping drug plan goes wrong.

LADY CAPULET “Wll think of marriage now; younger than you,” Act 1:3 – cajoling tone – questioning – LC is trying to persuade Juliet to marry Paris. “You are too hot.” – Act 3:5 short
– Juliet’s mum sentence - telling her husband not to be so angry with Juliet. “O woeful time!” Act 4:5 exclamation mark, adjective, despairing tone – LC just learnt of her daughter’s death.

LORD With tears augmenting the fresh morning dew” Act 1: 1 – metaphor to show he is worried about Romeo. “Who set this new quarrel abroach?” Act 1:1 – Rhetorical question
MONTAGUE to find out how the fight started. “For I will raise her statue in pure gold,” Act 5:3 hyperbole, persuasion – Montague assures Capulet he’ll erect a gold statue in her memory

MERCUTIO – “Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance” Act 1:4 Imperative ‘must’ persuading Romeo to go to the ball.
Romeo’s friend “O calm, vile dishonourable submission” Act 3:1 – Adjectives – Mercutio not understanding why Romeo is cowardly and backing down from a fight with Tybalt. “A plague
Antagonist a’both your houses!” Act 3: 1 -Metaphor blaming both the Montagues and the Capulets and wishing them the most unpleasant death. Related to the Prince

BENVOLIO – “I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword,” Appeasing tone. Short sentence – to show he doesn’t want to fight. “I’ll pay that doctrine, or else die in debt.”
Romeo’s ousin hyperbole/exaggeration, alliteration to show he is loyal to Romeo. “Go then, for tis in vain/To seek him here” A2:2 – Imperative – leaving Romeo after ball in Juliet’s orchard

PARIS – “Younger than she are happy mothers made” –Act 1:2 – Paris trying to persuade Capulet to allow him to take Juliet as his wife. “That ‘may be’ must be,
unaffiliated – love, on Thursday next.” – Act 4:1 –Modal into an Imperative. Paris speaking to Juliet about marrying her on Thursday. “O, I am slain! If thou be merciful,
Love interest open the tomb, lay me with Juliet” –Act 5:3 Paris dying & hoping to be buried alongside Juliet. He isn’t.
PRINCE – “If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” –Act 1:1 – The Prince saying that execution will result for future fighting.
unaffiliated - “Let Romeo hence in haste, else when he is found, that hour is his last” Act 3:1 –Prince banishes Romeo. If he returns he will be executed. “Capulet,
Peacemaker Montague! See what a scourge is laid upon your hate…All are punished.” Act 5:3 –Prince blaming the heads of both families for the deaths of their children.