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MODALS

are verbs that need


another verb. They
are called helping
verbs.
MODALS
 may
 shall
 will
 can
 must
 could
 ought to
MODALS
are used with the base form of
the verb. We use modals to
show if we believe something is
certain, probable or possible
(or not). We also use modals to
talk about ability, asking
permission, making requests
and offers, and so on.
EXAMPLES
Aguio and Bulanawan can
make the earth tremble.
(ability)
Their grandfather will make
them reconcile. (promise)
Shall we watch this movie?
(requesting permission)
They may like this new recipe.
(not sure)
EXAMPLES
When she was younger, she
could walk a mile. (able to do
in the past)
Deanne ought to do her
homework every day. (duty)
Chefs must come with their
clean aprons on. (requirement,
obligation)
EXERCISES
Read the sentences and write the most
appropriate modal for each.
1. Last year, my grandma ____ thread the
needle.
2. The technician _____ repair the machine.
3. I think that woman ____ learn her
manners.
4. ____ you dictate the paragraph to me?
EXERCISES
5. Yes, I ____ attend my cousin’s baptismal
celebration.
6. We all ____ love our country some more.
7. The guests _____ come in anytime.
8. ____ I switch off the fan now?
9. That dentist ____ make your visit to the
clinic a pleasant experience.
10. A few months ago, Mary Rose _____ go
to the mall without a companion.