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Nutrition Situation in Gujarat

ARVIND PATEL

FNB
GOI
9428352270
Percent undernutrition among children under-five
years of age in Gujarat (%)

Urban Rural To tal

54.4
48.1 46.6 51.7
39 44.6

20.1 18.7
16.1

Underweight Stunted Wasted


Percent of child underweight according to age (NFHS-3,
2005-06)

80
60
%40
20
0
0-5 6-11 12-17 18-23 24-29 30-35 36-41 42-47 48-53 54-59
Age (in months)
Maternal short stature and acute undernutrition
among married women in Gujarat

Urban Rural Total


Indicators from NFHS-3

Women with Short-Stature (%) 8.6 8.8 8.7

Adolescents (15-19 years) with Short-Stature (%) 7.5 6.2 6.7

Women with acute undernutrition* (%) 24.5 45.3 36.3

Adolescents (15-19 years) with acute


undernutrition (%) 46.3 59.8 54.1
*Excluding pregnant women and lactating women with infants less than 2 months.
Anemia in Gujarat

Indicators from NFHS-3, 2005-06 Urban Rural Total

All Women with Anemia 50.9 58.7 55.3

Pregnant women with Anemia 58.9 61.8 60.8


Breastfeeding women with Anemia 55.4 62.8 60.5
Adolescents with Anemia 53.1 60.4 57.4

Children 6-59 months with Anemia 61.9 74.6 69.7


Consumption pattern of micronutrient rich foods by women in
Gujarat (%)

Rural Urban Total


83.6 81.5
80
69.6
65

56.2 54.6 56.3 55.7


53.5
49.7
45.6
41
34
28.7

Women w ho consume Women w ho consume Women w ho consume Women w ho consume Households consuming
milk/curd on daily basis pulses/beans on daily dark green leafy fruits atleast on w eekly iodized salt 15 ppm or
(%) basis (%) vegetables on daily basis (%) more
basis (%)
Issue is not Food Insecurity but Nutrition
Insecurity
100

80

60

70% Anemic
40

20

0
Timely BF initiation* Exclusive BF for first 6 Children 6-9 mo fed Children 6-23 mo fed Children fed foods rich Household consuming
mo* complementary foods* food rich in Vitamin A** in iron** iodized salt**
*DLHS 3, 2007-08 **NFHS-3, 2005-06 8
Infant & Young Child Feeding
Practices in Gujarat

Disparities within Districts


Initiation of Breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth

DLHS-3, 2007-08
Exclusive Breastfeeding (0-6 months)

DLHS-3, 2007-08
Children 6-24 mo fed complementary food

DLHS-3, 2007-08
Infant & Young Child Feeding Index

DLHS-3, 2007-08