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ُ‫الت َّ ْج ِو يد‬ By Musa Abuzaghleh

TAJWID
INTRODUCTION
What is Tajwid?
Tajwid is to perfect the pronunciation of letters and rules whilst
reciting Quran in a way that is close to the recitation of the
Prophet SAW.
What is the reward of perfecting your Tajwid?
The prophet PBUH said: (the one that recites the Quran and is
a professional in reciting it gets rewarded by having ranks like
the angels; and the one that recites it and struggles in reciting
gets two rewards.)
Why learn Tajwid?
To recite the Quran as close as possible to the way the
prophet Muhammad PBUH recited.
The prophet Muhammad PBUH said: (the best of you are those
who learn the Quran and teach it)
ِ ‫ج ا ْل ُح ُر‬
‫وف‬ ُ ‫َم َخ ِار‬
ORGANS OF SPEECH
There are 5 organs of speech in which the Arabic letters come from as shown
below:
• Al-Jawf: the empty space in the chest through the throat and mouth
• Al-Halq: the throat
• Al-Lisaan: the tongue
• Ash-Shafataan: the two lips
• Al-Khayshoom: the nose or nasal passage
AL-JAWF ‫ا ْل َج وف‬
Al-Jawf: this is the empty space in the chest area. There are 3 letters that come from this
organ. The 3 letters are:

‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬


These letters only come from Al-Jawf in certain conditions as follows:
The 3 letters must be Sakin. This means they must have a Sukoon or come with no vowel which is usually
the case.
Each of the above letters must have a similar sounded vowel on the preceding letter. This means:
َ).
The ‫( ا‬Alif) must be Sakin and the previous letter must have a Fatha (

The ‫( و‬Waaw) must be Sakin and the previous letter must have a Dhamma ( َ).
The ‫( ي‬Yaa) must be Sakin and the previous letter must have a Kasra ( ). َ
If we have these letters in the above conditions then we can call them Jawf or Madd letters.
AL-JAWF ‫ا ْل َج وف‬
Al-Jawf: this is the empty space in the chest area. There are 3 letters that come from this
organ. The 3 letters are:

‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬


What does it mean for the above letters to be in Jawf condition?
It means that we will have to lengthen or stretch the letter for a minimum of 2 Harakah’s (around 1.5
seconds)
Example of Jawf or Madd letters:
Example of Alif:‫ق ال‬
Example of Waaw: ‫قُولُوا‬

Example of Yaa: ‫قِيل‬


ُ ‫ا ْل َح ْل‬
AL-HALQ ‫ق‬
Al-halq: the Throat. In the throat we have 3 exits and 6 letters.

‫خ‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ء‬

Throat exits and letters:


 bottom of the throat: ‫ه‬,‫ء‬
Middle of the throat: ‫ح‬,‫ع‬
Top of the throat: ‫خ‬,‫غ‬
AL-LISAAN ‫س ا ُن‬
َ ‫الل‬
ِ
Al-Lisaan: the Tongue. In the tongue we have 4 areas, 10 exits and 18
letters in total.
Areas of tongue:
2
1. Back of the tongue: ‫ ك‬, 1‫ق‬
2. Middle of the tongue: 3‫ ي‬, 3‫ ش‬, 3‫ج‬
3. Edges & sides of the tongue: 5‫ ل‬, 4‫ض‬
4. Tip of the tongue: , 10‫ ذ‬, 10‫ ث‬, 9‫ ز‬, 9‫ ص‬, 9‫ س‬, 8‫ ط‬, 8‫ د‬, 8‫ ت‬, 7‫ ر‬, 6‫ن‬
10
‫ظ‬
ASH-SHAFATAAN ‫شفَت َان‬
َّ ‫ال‬
Ash-Shafataan: the 2 lips. On the 2 lips we have 2 exits and 4 letters in
total.
Exits on lips:
1. The two lips together: ‫ و‬, ‫ م‬, ‫ب‬
2. The bottom lip with the upper teeth: ‫ف‬
AL-KHAYSHOOM ‫ا ْل َخ يشُ وم‬
Al-Khayshoom: this is the nasal passage where the Ghunna (the attribute
for the letters ‫ ن‬and ‫ )م‬comes from. There are no letters that come from this
organ however its considered an organ due to it being used a lot in the
recitation of Quran.