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SESSION 5 WARM-UP

Kamaal Majeed
Where is he from? What hobbies does he have?
How old is he? What does he do?
What does he believe?
How does he support his belief?
Find this story and many others in
www.thisibelieve.org
Session 5 goal

Teachers will be able to recall how to


write a narrative letter and essay,
identifying and discussing their main
parts.
Newspaper article: A PROMPT
person is going THE TRUJILLO TIMES
through a predicament ADVICE COLUMN

Dear Abby:
I am completely devastated. During my last prenatal screening, my
doctor discovered something might be wrong with my unborn son;
subsequent tests confirmed what he had thought: my son suffers
from Trisomy 21, commonly called Down Syndrome. We were told
that it is our legal right to terminate my pregnancy
Taskif: we decide to
do so. My husband and I do not know what to do. We feel confused
and overwhelmed. What should Asks the reader to write a letter
we decide?
Caroline. giving advice.
Task 1: Letter

Abby is inviting readers to write directly to Caroline. Write a letter to her


letting her know what you think the best choice is. Start your letter: “Dear
Caroline”.
Read the letter sent to Caroline. Extract the following
information:

When does the story happen?

Who are the main characters involved?

What settings are mentioned?

What happened?

What’s the point they are trying to illustrate?


Gregg Rogers and his daughter Genevieve

Find this story and many others in


www.thisibelieve.org
Writing an ECCE
narrative letter
What is a narrative letter?

A narrative letter is a document


that tells a story to the recipient. It
intends to present a viewpoint by
deducing it from the events of the
story, as a kind of moral.
Writing a
“ Narrative letter”
• A narrative letter is a piece of writing
that recreates an experience through
time.
• It can be based on one of your own
experiences, either past or present, or it
can be based on the experiences of
someone else.
• In addition to telling a story, a narrative
letter also communicates a main idea
or a lesson learned.
Introductory Paragraph
States the writer wants to share a story,
sets the scene for the story.

Story: Part 1
B Tells the first part of the story, from its
beginning to an anticipation of the turning
O point.
D Story: Part 2
Y Tells the second part of the story, from its
turning point until the end.

Concluding Paragraph
Presents the moral or lesson of the story,
which constitutes the viewpoint to be
supported in the letter
What about Brainstorming?

My wife and I learnt my first child would suffer


from Trisomy 21 during her pregnancy

My wife, doctors, my daughter, myself.

A hospital, home

Few years ago.


Set the three main points of the story in a triangle
TURNING POINT
We learnt our daughter would
suffer from Trisomy 21

We tried to patch things up We were told termination was a


legal choice

Lucy got pregnant We decided to go on with


pregnancy

We were about to break up


We were sad and scared

Differences created problems


Genevieve was born, our fears vanished

MORAL
Life is always to be defended
Lucy and I got married Genevieve is three years old
and doing fine
BEGINNING END
Where did you
learn about the
issue? Summarize
Dear Caroline:
the issue
I read the letter you wrote to the
newspaper about your feelings upon State your
discovering your unborn son is Down- purpose is to
Syndromed. I decided to write to you share a story,
because my wife and I went through the don’t mention
same situation few years ago, and I feel your opinion
that by sharing what happened to us, you
and your husband will have the grounds Set the scene by
to make the right choice. Let me take a mentioning the
minute of your time, a minute which can main characters
save a lifetime of pain. and a chronological
Linking sentence reference
raising expectation
Due to the ups and downs of life, my wife Set a clear
Lucy and I tied the knot when both of us were close
to our forties, and only few weeks after meeting each beginning for
other. Unfortunately, the joy of sharing the same roof the story
with somebody we were supposedly in love with
would soon melt away, when our differences got in Stick to
the way of happiness. Six months after our wedding, relevant events
we were both disappointed and sick of each other.
One Sunday afternoon, a sudden nausea and presented in
dizziness Lucy felt made us rush to a hospital. Once chronological
we were there, doctors discovered those symptoms order
were caused by new life growing in Lucy’s womb: She
was expecting. We went back home amazed at the
news and determined to do our best to mend our ties
about to break. Our world then seemed to have made The linking
a turn for the better, until prenatal screening at week sentence
10 would reveal a fact neither of us was by then
ready to face.
anticipates the
turning point
“It is Trisomy 21, it is Down syndrome.” said
the doctor talking about my unborn daughter. I Start with the
remember returning home with my wife and crying on turning point
the sofa. I distinctly remember saying, “I don’t want
this.” The doctor had told us that terminating pregnancy
was a choice allowed by the law, so it was all up to us to
decide whether or not we would have the child. Despite Stick to
our sorrow and fear, we decided to have the child. For relevant events
months we were terrified, my wife and I barely spoke to
each other; we simply suffered through each day. On presented in
June 24th 2010, Genevieve was born. When we took her chronological
home, we began to realize that our feelings of fear and
anxiety had changed in a way that no prenatal screening order
could ever have predicted. The shared labor of doing the
best for Genevieve brought Lucy and I much closer, all
wounds were mended and all grief turned into delight.
Genevieve recently turned three and is doing very well
for herself. She runs and climbs on everything and loves
to paint around. She doesn’t have a lot of spoken words
yet, but she does have over 100 signs that allow her to
ask for whatever she needs. I laugh every day because Concluding
of Genevieve. sentence
I am absolutely positive we made the
right choice, what was once our perceived Reflection on
damnation has now become our unexpected the outcome
salvation. The guilt upon deciding on
terminating a life we had created would have
chased us for the rest of our lives; it would have State your
tortured our minds until breaking us completely viewpoint
apart. I understand your feelings dear Caroline, deducing it from
but deep inside you; you know well what the the story, as a
best decision is, you know you must move along lesson or moral
and fight the odds for the miracle of life inside
your womb. Make no mistake the reward will be
greater than any sacrifice.

Yours sincerely,
Concluding
sentence
Gregg Rogers Closing

Signature
Writing an ECCE
Narrative essay
THE TRUJILLO TIMES
ADVICEDo not consider
COLUMN
information from the
Dear Abby: article or Task 1
I am completely devastated. During my last prenatal screening, my
doctor discovered something might be wrong with my unborn son;
subsequent tests confirmed what he had thought: my son would
suffer from Trisomy 21, commonly called Down Syndrome. We were
told that it is our legal right to terminate my pregnancy if we decide
to do so. My husband and I do not know what to do. We feel
confused and overwhelmed. What should we decide?
Caroline.
Task 2:
Task 1: Letter Asks the reader to write an essay
Abby is inviting readers to write directly to Caroline.
aboutWrite
anaissue
letter to her
letting her know what you think the best choice is. Start your letter: “Dear
Caroline”.
Task 2: Essay
In many countries, the law allows parents whose unborn children suffer
from Trisomy 21 to terminate pregnancy. Do you think this is a good
choice? Write an essay stating your opinion.
Read the essay provided. It is written based on the same
prompt as the letter Find the similarities and differences
between a narrative letter and narrative essay.
Introduction
Sets the topic and controlling idea. Sets the
scene for the story.

Story: Part 1
B Tells the first part of the story, from its
beginning to an anticipation of the turning
O point.
D Story: Part 2
Y Tells the second part of the story, from its
turning point until the end.

Conclusion
Restates the controlling idea as a moral or
lesson of the story.
INTRODUCTION MODEL
Topic
Set the scene by
According to the laws ofmentioning the main
many states in the
characters and a
US and most European countries, unborn babies
chronological
diagnosed with Trisomy 21, Down reference
Syndrome, can
be legally aborted before the 20th week of
Thesis
pregnancy, both parents need to sign a form for
Statement
doctors to proceed to medically terminate the
process. Based on what my wife and I went
through when we had our first child, I am sure that
parents faced with this dilemma should decide to
go on with pregnancy. In the lines to come, I will
explain how I came to believe that even under the
most adverse circumstances, life is always to be
defended.
Concluding (Linking) sentence
presenting the story
Due to the ups and downs of life, my wife
Set a clear
Lucy and I tied the knot when both of us were close
to our forties, and only few weeks after meeting each beginning for
other. Unfortunately, the joy of sharing the same roof the story
with somebody we were supposedly in love with
would soon melt away, when our differences got in
the way of happiness. Six months after our wedding,
Stick to
we were both disappointed and sick of each other. relevant events
One Sunday afternoon, a sudden nausea and presented in
dizziness Lucy felt made us rush to a hospital. Once
we were there, doctors discovered those symptoms
chronological
were caused by new life growing in Lucy’s womb: She order
was expecting. We went back home amazed at the
news and determined to do our best to mend our ties
about to break. Our world then seemed to have made
a turn for the better, until prenatal screening at week The linking
10 would reveal a fact neither of us was by then
ready to face. sentence
anticipates the
turning point
“It is Trisomy 21, it is Down syndrome.” said the Start with the
doctor talking about my unborn daughter. I remember turning point
returning home with my wife and crying on the sofa. I
distinctly remember saying, “I don’t want this.” The doctor
had told us that terminating pregnancy was a choice
allowed by the law, so it was all up to us to decide whether
or not we would have the child. Despite our sorrow and
fear, we decided to have the child. For months we were
Stick to relevant
terrified, my wife and I barely spoke to each other; we
simply suffered through each day. On June 24th 2010, events presented
Genevieve was born. When we took her home, we began to in chronological
realize that our feelings of fear and anxiety had changed in order
a way that no prenatal screening could ever have
predicted. The shared labor of doing the best for
Genevieve brought Lucy and I much closer, all wounds
were mended and all grief turned into delight. Genevieve
recently turned three and is doing very well for herself. She
runs and climbs on everything and loves to paint around.
She doesn’t have a lot of spoken words yet, but she does
have over 100 signs that allow her to ask for whatever she Concluding
needs. I laugh every day because of Genevieve. sentence
CONCLUSION MODEL
Conclusion:
Restate your thesis

As it can be deduced from this


experience, challenging the odds to defend life
is the best choice before any obstacle, like
Trisomy 21 or any other kind of illness. What
might be perceived as a kind of damnation at
first, can eventually turn into salvation if we set
our minds and hearts to it. Without a doubt, the
rewards of defending life even in the most
adverse circumstances will be greater than any
sacrifice. Concluding
. sentence
You will be given a writing prompt followed by
paragraphs two and three of a narrative piece
of writing. With a partner, write paragraphs
one and four. Your instructor will tell if you
have to write them in the letter or essay
format.
THE TRUJILLO TIMES
ADVICE COLUMN
Dear Abby:
I am a 15-year old junior in high school; I feel a little worried
about my father. As far as I can remember, he has always liked
smoking. He never does it at home or when I am around; but when
he gets back home at night; he is always carrying a half-empty
package of cigarettes in his shirt pocket. When I was a child, I played
with the empty packages, but now I am concerned about his health.
Last week, while I was using my dad’s computers, I found a medical
prescription signed four months ago, in which the doctor said it was
vital for my dad to give up smoking. After I read this, I remembered
that he gets short of breath too fast when walking upstairs or playing
table tennis. I have not yet talked to him about it because I am a little
afraid of his reaction. Do you think I shall talk to him? If so, how
should I do it? Any suggestions will be welcome.

Frustrated with Father


Task 1: LETTER
Abby has invited reader to write letters to “Frustrated
with Father”, the best one will be published. Write a
letter giving advice about the situation. Begin your
letter: “Dear Frustrated with Father”

Task 2: ESSAY
Although most scientists state that smoking can cause
many serious ailments, there are people who claim
that it is just an inoffensive habit. Do you think
smoking is hazardous for our health? Write an essay
stating your opinion.
Dad started smoking when he was a university student. My mother
told me that by that time, he would only smoke one or two cigarettes a day.
Little by little, his body’s need for tobacco increased. By the end of his 30´s,
he was already consuming more than a package a day. Although mom told
him to quit his addiction many times, the only thing he did was to stop doing
it home. This hazardous habit did not seem to affect him in any way until the
day of his fortieth birthday.

The whole family had gotten together to celebrate this special day.
Everything was fine. Dad seemed to be in the best shape of his life. We were
drinking and toasting when all of a sudden, dad took his hands to his chest,
and then heavily fell to the ground. My uncles acted quickly, they loosened
his clothes and massaged his chest. He was not breathing. Someone called
an ambulance; the paramedics arrived in no time. Despite all the efforts
made by both my uncles and the paramedics, dad passed away there, in the
middle of the living room. The post mortem exams revealed that a life of
addiction to cigarettes had made his veins go so rigid that they had lost the
capacity of transporting blood efficiently. His habit had taken his life little by
little.