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AUDITORIUM

AN AUDITORIUM IS A ROOM BUILT TO


ENABLE AUDIENCE TO HEAR AND
WATCH PERFORMANCES AT A VENUE .
AUDITORIA CAN BE FOUND IN
ENTERTAINMENT VENUES, COMMUNITY
HALLS,THEATERS, REHEARSAL,
PRESENTATION ETC.
SIGHT LINES
If The Patron Is To See Satisfactorily, Plan And
Section Must Conform To A Number Of Limitations
Which Are Set Forth In The Following List .

To Design An Auditorium Is To Determine A


Seating Area Within These Limitations And To
Establish Position (Not Shape) Of Walls And
Shape Of Floors Therefrom .

The Horizontal Angle Of Polychromatic


Vision (No Eye Movement) Is Approximately 40 .
The Horizontal Angle To The Center Line At
Which Objects Onstage, Upstage Of The Curtain
Line, Cease To Bear The Intended Relationship To
Other Objects Onstage And To The Background Is
Approximately 60 ' .
A point 3 ft 8 in . below, and 18 in . i n front of
the eye position will be the floor level for the
front row . (1) Draw a sight line from the eye
position toEstablish a point 5 in . above
the intersection of the extended sight line
and the next vertical line . (3) This is the eye
position for the second row end the floor level
at the front edge of the second row seat is 3 ft
8 in .
Aspect Ratio
It used to be that the only sensible way to size a
projection screen was to give its measurements, its
height and its width.
Nowadays people are much more inclined to specify a
screen by giving just a single number - its diagonal.
Proscenium Widths, in Feet, for Kinds
of Theatrical Production
Minimum
Usual
Reasonable
maximum
Drama. . . . . . . . . . 26 30 to 35 40
Vaudeville, revue . . . 30 35 45
Musical comedy,
operetta . . . . . . . . 30 40 50
Presentation,
opera . . . . . . . . . 40 60 80
Eye and Head Rotation
• Eye Rotation Only
— Optimum: 15° left - to - right
— Maximum: 35° left - to - right
— Optimum: Parallel and down 30°
— Maximum: 25° above parallel;; 35°
below parallel
• Head Rotation Only
— Optimum: Straight ahead
— Maximum: 60° left - to - right
— Maximum: 50° above and below parallel
• Eye and Head Rotation
— Optimum: 15° left - to - right
— Maximum: 95° left - to - right
— Optimum: Parallel and down 30°
— Maximum: 75° above parallel
Judged by the audience's ability to recognize
shapes, and confirmed by free audience
choice of seats, the following is the order of
desirability of locations :
a . front center (except when the screen is
close to the front row)
6. middle center
c . middle side
d. front side
e . rear center
f. rear side
5 . Audiences will not choose locations beyond
a line approximately 100 to the curtain
at the side of the proscenium .
6 . The vertical angle beyond which ability to
recognize standard shapes falls off very rapidly
is approximately 30 (see Figs . 1 5 and 16) .
7 . The recommended maximum angle of motion
picture projection to the horizontal is 12`
The standing spectator's eye level behind
the rear row of seats is assumed to be 5 ft
6 in .
above the floor level of the last row. The
sight
line from this position to the top of the
screen
or highest probable curtain trim establishes
the minimum height for ceiling under
balcony .
Each wheelchair space shall have unobstructed line of vision to the
stage areas at which the relevant activity takes place, and be of
minimum size of 800 mm x 1300 mm, with the side of 800 mm facing
towards the stage podium or screen.

The minimum width of the passage leading to a wheelchair space from


an accessible entrance of the auditorium shall not be less than 1500
mm.
Where conventional seat numbers are provided, Braille and tactile seat
number should be provided at the top of each seat rest.
Seating
Occupants of all seats are visually related to
the performance when the seats are oriented
toward the stage . This necessitates curving the
rows of seats . The center of curvature is to-cated on the center line of
the auditorium
approximately the depth of the house behind
the proscenium . Budgetary limitations may
dictate that seats be in straight rows to simplify
construction ; these rows can at least be related
to the center of attention on stage by being
placed on chords of the optimum row curvature
.
Aisles perpendicular
to the curtain line often have the accidental
result of making side section seats
undesirable
because people using the aisles interrupt
the
view toward the stage . for purposes of
seeing,
radial aisles are best,
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