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Auditorium Literature Study

Topic : Auditorium Lighting

Design Criteria
Appearance of Space and Luminaries
The appearance of the space and luminaries is somewhat
important in the auditorium. The auditorium will hold seminars
with special speakers; therefore, the space and luminaries need
to be aesthetically pleasing.

Color Appearance (and Color Contrast)

•Color appearance can affect visibility and
•Since the auditorium will have special speakers and
guest lecturers, a CRI of 80 or greater will be
beneficial needed in order to ensure a pleasant
appearance of skin tones.

Source/Task/Eye Geometry
•Extremely important to a lecture hall is the
source/task/eye geometry.
•The angular relationships between the viewer, the task,
and the luminaries are frequently critical to task visibility.
•This should not be an issue due to the height of the
General Lighting-
•Provides an area with overall illumination.
• Also known as ambient lighting.
•General lighting radiates a comfortable level of brightness,
enabling one to see and walk about safely.
•It can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall-
mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights, and with lanterns
•A basic form of lighting that replaces sunlight, general
lighting is fundamental to a lighting plan.

Task Lighting-
•It helps you perform specific tasks such as Ticket Vending
Counter, Space for design and construction of sets for
performances, Control Room, Office Space, Recording
studio, Rehearsal or Training Room, Library, Repair room,
•It can be provided by recessed and track lighting, pendant
lighting, and portable lamps.
•Task lighting should be free of distracting glare and
shadows and should be bright enough to prevent eyestrain.
Accent Lighting-
•Adds drama to a room by creating visual interest.
•As part of a decorating scheme, it is used to spotlight paintings or
to highlight the texture of a wall, drapery or outdoor landscaping.

Track Lighting:
Accent Lighting-
Generally, fixtures should be aimed at a 30 degree angle from the
vertical to prevent light from shining in any ones eyes and to avoid
disturbing reflections on the surface of the object.

Wall Washing-
Space the fixtures at the same distance apart as the track is from
the wall.

Wall Grazing-
For dramatic shadows on textured surfaces (such as draperies,
stone or brick)mount the tract 6 to 12 inches from the wall, with
the fixtures the same distance apart and aimed downward for a
grazing effect.
Recessed Lighting-
General Lighting-
General Service "A" bulbs (in recessed fixtures) provide wide light
•Dim lighting to be used.
•Covered from top so that it won’t create glare for the
•Warm light to ensure proper visibility of the seats as
well as the seat numbers.
•LED’s are generally used.
•Cover must be of unbreakable material so that if
located at the foot, it won’t break on stepping on it.


•0.2 Foot Candle lighting must be the avg. light
•Not more than 1 ¼” protrusion from the seat.
•Height should not be more than 1 ¼” and length shall
vary according to the seat width.(standard 48”)
•Standard wattage 0.36 W
•Standard colors available for clear visibility: Red,
Yellow, Green, Blue, White.
•Mounting Height should not be more than 18”
(standard is15”)
•0.2 Foot Candle lighting must be the avg. light
•LED spacing 4” or 6”
•Top tread channel 0.24 W low bright LED’s.
•Bottom riser channel 0.36 W high bright
•Standard colors available for clear visibility:
Red, Yellow, Green,Blue, White.
•Average custom length 12’.

Fresnel: This is oftentimes used to produce a luminescent effect which makes the
stage more appealing. Also, since it utilizes a spotlight, it can give emphasis on the
particular scenes that needs to be highlighted.

Ellipsoidal: This type is usually equipped with shutters which allow the technicians to
block some ray of light. As a result, there are parts of the stage that are partially lit,
while there are areas that are brighter.

Scoop: It is commonly referred to as a scoop especially that it is shaped like a

helmet. This is mostly utilized when there is a need of providing a broad flood of
brightness on the stage.
Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR): This type of stage lighting can provide a
voluminous amount of brightness on the area. Also, this is oftentimes used during
music concerts especially that it creates a great source of illumination

Strip: It is usually comprised with a row of lamps that aids in achieving an

interesting mood. Normally, the technicians would place colored sheets over
the lens to create more vibrant and sophisticated lights.

Spotlight: It has the ability to focus on a particular object or

person. Aside from that, it can contract or expand the
brightness or beam which can help in making the actors carry
out their characters more effectively.
Lights in Relation to the Stage
There are several different positions that you can place lights.
The three main positions are front, side, down, and background.
The main purpose of these are listed below.
• Front lighting is used mostly for visibility and color. It is also
used to isolate an individual person or set piece. Front lighting
generally works better if placed at an angle between 30 to 50
• Side Lighting : The most common use of side lighting is effect.
Side lighting is often used with bolder colors to accent
movements and contrasting colors coming from the opposite
• Back Lighting : Along with side lighting back lighting is used for
effect. Back lighting is often used to create depth on the stage.
When used from low angles back lighting can also give a sense
of a silhouette. One thing to remember when using back lighting
is that the lights must be relaxing to the audience. If the lights
are positioned into the eyes of the audience it will not be a
pleasing experience.
• Down lighting: often used to create the illusion of depth.
Down lighting also works very well to isolate one person from
• Background lighting is a very bold style of lighting. It is
brighter than the rest of the stage. It is a very powerful way to
create a picture.



•Some controlled illumination should be provided for backstage operations well shielded
so no direct or reflected lighting should be seen by spectators.
•15A multi core cables to be used for connection.
•Lighting desk to be used for power control.

Types of Light
1) Dim Lights( Orange beam )
2) Gobo Lighting ( Projection Lighting )
3) Barn door Lights ( Restricted Bright Lighting , 75W capacity , used in dressing room )
4) Gel Lights – Colored Sheet of Plastic fixed on the front of the light
•Backstage Corridor
1. MR-16 Lamp ( to be put on the walls with a beam spread of 36 degrees , blue color
preferred )
2. PAR – 38 fixtures ( 240V , 80W Es E27 flood Crompton to be put on the sides of the footer
at an angle )
3. Led Lighting – DOT –it Backstage Blue Led . It is a low cost flexible led work light. It has a
touch sensor to switch its three bright blue Led's on and off. Size 7 inch or 17.8 cm. Triple
A batteries for power. No need of inconvenient cables .