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AFFIXES, PREFIX, SUFFIX, INFIX

COMBINING AND COMPOUNDING


2ND GROUP :
- Septri Lolita Ambarita
- Siti Aisyah
AFFIXES

In English grammar and morphology, an affix is a word element that


can be attached to a base or root to form a new word or new form of
the word, usually occurring as either a prefix or suffix. Put simply, an
affix is a group of letters that are generally added to the beginning or
the end of a root word that can change the word's meaning.
 Affix Examples:
 stem word: like
 with affix (prefix): unlike
 stem word: like
 with affix (suffix): likely
PREFIX

A prefix is a letter or a group of letters that attaches to the


beginning of a word and helps to indicate or modify its
meaning. An easy example would be the word ‘prefix’
itself! It begins with the prefix pre-, which means ‘before’.
EXAMPLE OF PREFIX
SUFFIX

A suffix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the end


of a word to form a new word or to change the
grammatical function (or part of speech) of the original
word. For example, the verb read is made into the noun
reader by adding the suffix -er. Similarly, read is made into
the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.
EXAMPLE OF SUFFIX
INFIX

An infix is a word element (a type of affix) that can be


inserted within the base form of a word—rather than at its
beginning or end—to create a new word or intensify
meaning.
EXAMPLE :
- Unfreaking
- Unbelievable
COMBINING

In linguistics, a combining form is a type of word component based on


an independent word that has been modified to be joined with
another word or combining form to create a compound word. Every
combining form has its own semantic meaning, but unlike their source
words, combining forms generally cannot stand alone as complete
words by themselves.
COMPOUNDING

Definition : two or more words joined together to form a


new word.
Example :
• Home+work = homework
• pick+pocket = pickpocket
• Chair+man = chairman
RELATION THIS MATERIAL WITH
LINGUISTICS
 In this lesson, you are going to learn about parts of words and their
meanings. Understanding them can help you become a better reader by
increasing your vocabulary and your fluency. You probably know from
previous lessons that words are composed of elements such as root words.
For example, if we begin with a simple word such as happy and add the
prefix “un” in front of it, happy becomes unhappy and takes on the
opposite meaning.
 In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists
of more than one stem. Compounding, composition or nominal
composition is the process of word formation that creates compound
lexemes. That is, in familiar terms, compounding occurs when two or more
words are joined to make one longer word.
CONCLUSION

 By the end of the week students will now be able to explain and
identify root words, and affixes as well as correctly use them in a
sentence and create them. Students will also understand how
affixes influence your writing ability and your reading
comprehension. They will have learned all this by class discussions,
group work, independent work, videos, worksheets, read aloud,
and writing a letter. Students will complete the week feeling more
confident about their literacy skills!