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Radio Resource Management

(RWNG03, KV)

Long-term Network Strategy Trial Report

Maxis Network Objectives
 Priority
 Prioritize Voice Service
 Maximize Customer Experience
 Maximize Network Resource Utilization

 Behavior
 Aim for high KPI values but not at expense of capacity / experience
 Aim to reduce 2G traffic levels

 Maintenance
 Achieve Network Standardization
 Aim for simplified upgrade paths

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KV Network Service Layers
LTE – 2600 Data Overflow

LTE – 1800 Data Access

Data Overflow
3G – 2100 (F3)
CS + HS Preferred

Data Overflow
3G – 2100 (F2)
CS + HS Preferred


Voice Access
3G – 2100 (F1) 3G – 2100 (Umobile F1) Domestic Roaming
CS Preferred + HS

Voice/Data Access 3G – 900 (F4)

2G – 1800 Voice Overflow


2G – 900 Voice Access

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Date Changes
-RRC redirection turned on for F1 towards F2.
-SPGID=2 (HS less-prefered) has been set to F1 and F4.
- The HSPA number of F2 & F3 increased (HSDPA from 64 to 96 & HSUPA from 10 to 15).
- The HSPA power offset of F1 reduced 7db.
-HSUPA deactivated in F1.
- Service steering DRD is ON in F1/F2/F3 but OFF in F4.
- F2&F3: 2D (HS) changed to -24(EcNo) and -115(RSCP). CS is -12(EcNo) and -100(RSCP)
- Idlesintersearch of F2/F3 set to 5
18-Sep-2013(Phase 1) -Adding the reselection offset (-3db) from F2/F3 to F1.

20-Sep-2013(Phase 1) CM mode period change from 60s to 15s.

24-Sep-2013(Phase 1) Handover priority relation towards F4 is set lower than F1.

2-Oct-2013 MRAB dynamic 8k solution

7-Oct-2013(Phase 2) 2D (RSCP )of F1 changed to -106

9-Oct-2013 EFD

22-Oct-2013(Phase 2) CS interfreq Target Threshold of F2F3 was changed from -92 to -95

25-Oct-2013(Phase 2) IdleQoffset between F1 & F4 changed from 3db to 5db.

*Phase 1 is the main RRM settings for service steering.
**Phase 2 is the optimized setting to keep more traffic in 3G and push more traffic into F1

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KPI Summary (Phase 1)
KPI Pre-RRM Post-RRM (Phase 1) Result
Speech CSSR 99.57 99.68 0.11%
PS CSSR 99.39 99.31 -0.08%
AMR DCR 0.45 0.45 0.00%
PS CDR 0.57 0.56 1.71%
AMR Traffic 92853.78 95389.82 2.73%
R99 UL Traffic (MB) 498248.18 475903.02 -22345.16
R99 DL Traffic (MB) 116622.65 123423.44 6800.79
HSDPA Traffic Volume(MB) 8560554.92 8654039.31 93484.39
HSUPA Traffic Volume(MB) 1188662.50 1229598.27 40935.78
HSDPA user number 6404.59 6158.53 -246.06
HSUPA user number 4855.60 4834.67 -20.93
FACH user number 1810.16 2151.34 341.18
RTWP -104.04 -103.81 0.23
Mean TCP 38.15 38.12 -0.03
Mean TCP (Non HS) 36.99 36.96 -0.03
IRAT/ RAB Ratio 21.44 20.09 -1.35%
VS.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput(kbit/s) 1247.83 1100.32 -147.5073
VS.HSUPA.MeanChThroughput(kbit/s) 59.35 55.64 -3.708
**Data period:10Sep-12Sep (Pre-RRM) VS 24Sep-26Sep (Post-RRM)
1. Speech CSSR is better due to better EcIo in F1 and F4.
2. PS CSSR degraded by 0.08% as DRD from F1 to F2/F3 may fail due to worse EcIo in F2/F3.
3. AMR DCR remained while PS DCR improved. Please note that external inteference found
in W900 starting from 17th Sep.
4. Speech traffic increased 2.73% while PS total data has slightly increased 1.15%.
5. More users are now staying in CELL_FACH longer and it has reduced number of HSPA
users. It indirectly has increased the data volume especially HSUPA volume.
6. IRAT/RAB ratio is 1.35% better.
7. From OSS KPI, the HSDPA throughput is generally lower.

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KPI Summary (Phase 2)
KPI Baseline @MRAB 8k F1's 2D (RSCP) Interfreq Target IdleQoffset
Date of Data 3/10 & 4/10 7/10 & 8/10 23/10 & 24/10 28/10& 29/10
Speech CSSR 99.6288 99.691 99.626 99.6171
PS CSSR 99.2674 99.3412 98.942 98.9074
AMR DCR 0.3571 0.367 0.337 0.3498
PS DCR 0.5893 0.5582 0.4024 0.4082
AMR Traffic 64293.5534 66281.9791 68377.5254 56552.8999
R99 UL Traffic (MB) 315976.6901 310666.6612 247872.2115 254611.361
R99 DL Traffic (MB) 86225.113 83733.1587 62967.0597 64589.1676
HSDPA Traffic Volume (MB) 5436585.717 5338015.062 5801705.51 6045962.8
HSUPA Traffic Volume (MB) 807459.8828 778125.6039 931170.392 924485.081
HSDPA User Number 6087.4342 5963.2593 4509.5314 4551.1026
HSUPA User Number 4821.7094 4776.327 3798.2764 3828.696
FACH User Number 2235.5176 2170.5039 3548.0678 3558.83
RTWP -104.0123 -103.9695 -104.1864 -104.0723
Mean TCP 38.1049 38.0628 38.0346 38.0406
Mean TCP (Non HS) 37.0126 36.968 36.8687 36.8257
HW CS IRAT (nom) 19.91% 16.62% 16.44% 16.91%
(kbit/s) 1124.1021 1252.2474 1261.4855
(kbit/s) 54.7932 61.8003 59.6548
**KPIs are 2 days data after each of the activity
1. The objective of Phase 2 to keep more traffic in 3G is generally achieved.
2. After 2D RSCP changed to -106, the CS traffic increase around 3% from above table and
more 5% if day-to-day comparison (Tuesday to Tuesday).
3. F1 is able to absorb more traffic after interfreq target threshold changed from -92 to -95 if
we checked the traffic per layer trending.
4. IdleQoffset modification does not show any traffic shifting.

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Speech CSSR

-CS CSSR of F1 is improved during RRM in September because of cleaner EcIo

-It has brought up the overall CS CSSR.

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Speech DCR

-CS DCR remained although F1’s DCR has improved a lot from around 0.4% to
-It has been impacted by the RTWP of F4 which started after 17th Sep.
-The DCR of F2 & F3 which CS is most of the MRAB user, improved a lot as
expected after MRAB 8k turned ON. It has bring down the overall DCR as well.

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Speech DCR (Cont’)

-During the RRM trial, CS

DCR of F4 is better but
impacted by external
interference causing the
DCR spike especially during
night time.

-The external interference not only happen in

RWNG03, but it is found in KV other area as well
bring down KV overall DCR especially during mid
of Sep.

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-PS CSSR is slightly lower due to F2 and F3 are having worse EcNo/RTWP
which would cause DRD failures.

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-PS DCR is stable.

-The PS DCR of F4 is higher partly because of lesser PS samples and
suffering external interference as well.

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CS Traffic

-CS traffic distribution in RWNG03: F1 has

got around 60% while F4 has got 23.5%.
The rest is in F2&F3 where more than 80%
is Multirab.
-Previous finding found that the EcNo was
better after RRM and most of the IRAT HOs
would be triggered by RSCP.
-Therefore 2D (RSCP) has been optimized
and now total CS Traffic increment is around
8% after RRM+ 2D(RSCP) changes.
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HSDPA Traffic

-More traffic found in F2 because DC users would stay in F2 only and it may use
the HSDPA power of F1.
-Total HSDPA traffic volume is stable.

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HSUPA Traffic

-More traffic found in F2 because DC users would stay in F2 only indirectly

increase the HSUPA traffic volume as well.
-Total HSUPA traffic volume is getting more especially after EFD activation as
EFD has free up more HSUPA resources.

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R99 Traffic

-Not much change in R99 traffic volume as most of the traffic is still HSPA traffic.
-R99 traffic volume reduced after EFD which free up more HS resources.

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HSPA Mean User

-HSPA user number slightly reduced as some UEs stay in CELL_FACH for longer
time. It did not affect the overall HSPA traffic as the HSPA traffic increased after
RRM. It is good as it can free up more HSDPA/ HSUPA user number resources.
-HSPA user number reduced significantly after EFD.
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HSPA Throughput

-OSS shows lower throughput relatively as F1 is reserved mainly for CS only.

-However, throughput is improved after EFD.

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Mean TCP

-TCP of the network remained.

-By layer, F2 and F3 used more TCP as it loaded with more HSDPA users.
-F1 and F4 used lesser TCP power.

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-The RTWP of F1 is better as the HSUPA has been deactivated.

-The RTWP of F2 and F3 increased due to more HSUPA users and load but have
been improved after EFD.
-The RTWP of F4 is impacted by external interference even before RRM started.

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CS Congestion

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CS Congestion

The Code congestions, Power congestions and CE congestions of CS service

were all less than 10 failures per day before the RRM implementation. After the
RRM implemented on 18th Sep, it remained less than 10 failures per day.
Some spikes during RRM is due to worse cells, not because of RRM.

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PS Congestion

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PS Congestion

The trending of PS congestions is same as well before and after RRM


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RSCP Coverage
Pre- RRM
F1 F2 F3 F4

Post- RRM
F1 F2 F3 F4

Generally the RSCP coverage maintained as the RRM is not changing the
PCPICH or tilting settings.

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EcNo Coverage
Pre- RRM
F1 F2 F3 F4

Post- RRM
F1 F2 F3 F4

EcIo improvements found in F1 and F4.

F2 and F3 have worse EcIo due to more HSDPA users in the layers

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Pre- RRM Post- RRM

The MR from CS service shows that the MR with EcNo<-12 & RSCP <-95 of
pre-RRM is 12.6% while post-RRM is 9.5%. Improved by 3.1%.

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RSCP Coverage
Pre- RRM Post- RRM

Generally the RSCP coverage maintained as the RRM is not changing the
PCPICH or tilting settings.

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EcIo Plots
Pre- RRM Post- RRM

Generally the EcIo plots show improvement because of the service steering
strategy with cleaner access layer.

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RLC Throughput
Pre- RRM Post- RRM

The RLC throughput drive shows the throughput is better in some area.
It is because of the following reasons:
1. 2D has been turn off in HS overflow layer.
2. DC users are managed to use F1 resources which is reserved for Multirab and
DC users only. Therefore DC could get better throughput as shown below:

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1. The EcIo is better now and most of the IRAT HOs are triggered by RSCP.
Therefore it would good to lower down the 2D RSCP of F1 to retain more traffic in
3G. MR analysis in Nastar shows that around 5% of the area is still with
106<RSCP<-103 .
(Implemeted on 7/Oct/2013)

2. R8 Fast Dormancy may offload the network and reduce number of HSPA users.
(Implemented on 9/Oct/2013)

3. HoCovPrio and CS Interfreq Target Threshold could be optimized to keep more

CS traffic in F1. (Done )

4. IdleQoffset between F1 & F4 could be remain 3db.

5. Extend the PS Retry timer to relief the PS congestions.

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Thank you