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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level Enter
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
Oleh : SARIJONO
SMA N.1 Kepanjen

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 1 1


MATERI DIKLAT

Click
GECKOto edit
TOBE
Master
WOLKING
title style
Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level Sarijono
smaneka

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 3 3


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
Sarijono Sarijono Sarijono
smaneka smaneka smaneka

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 4 4


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
North
• Click to edit Master text styles
v styles
• Click to edit Master text
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth
Westlevel East
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
v

South Enter

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MATERI DIKLAT

The
Click
moon
to edit
goesMaster
roundtitle
thestyle
earth
Click to edit Master title style The wheels connection

• Click to edit Master text styles


• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
The moon goes round the earth

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MATERI DIKLAT

SK/KD
SC/BC
Click to edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
Standard of competency
• Click to edit Master text styles
2.• Click
Applying of the
to edit concept
Master physical
text styles
• Second level
quantities and measurement.
• Second level
• Third level
• Third
Basic competence
level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level Newton’s law similar to basic priciple
2.3. Applying
• Fifth
of dynamic
level to linear motion, vertical motion,
and uniform circular motion.

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click toINDICATORS
INDIKATOR
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second
1. Show level
how to circular motion.
• 2.
Second level
• Third level Nuwton’s law by circular
Applying
• Third level
motion.
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit
CONTENTS
Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
1. Pengertian
1. Comprehension
• Click to edit Master text styles
2. Period and frequency
2. Periode dan frekuensi
3. • Average
Clickvelocity
to edit Master 3. Laju
text linier
styles
•4. Second level
Average angular velocity
4. Kecepatan sudut
5. • Wheel
Second level 5. Hubungan dua roda
•6. Third conection
level
Centripetal acceleration
6. Percepatan sentripetal
• Third level 7. Gaya sentripetal
• Fourth level
7. Centripetal force
8. The moon goes round the
8. Bulan mengelilingi bumi
• eart.
Fourth level 9. Gerak melingkar dalam
•9. Fifth level
Circular motion in the circle
lingkaran
10.• The
Fifth level 10. Ayunan konis.
conical pendulum.

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MATERI DIKLAT

UNIFORM CICULAR MOTION


Click toMELINGKAR
( GERAK edit Master title style)
BERATURAN
Click to edit Master title style
CHARACTERISTICS:
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text
1. Astyles
path an object
• Second level thorough a
• Second level circumference of a
• Third level circle.
• Third level
• Fourth level 2. Constant speed each
point in the path.
• Fourth level
• Fifth level 3. Exist velocity change in
direction on the path.
• Fifth level

Enter

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MATERI DIKLAT

GERAK
GERAK MELINGKAR
MELINGKAR
Click to BERATURAN
BERATURAN
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
• Period
• Click to edit Master text styles(T) is time
• Click to edit Master text stylesto complete
required
• Second level
• Second level one circle (s)
• Third level • Frequency (f) is
• Third level
• Fourth level revolutions per second
• Fourth level (rps) or (Hz).
• Fifth level
• Fifth level 1
T  (sec ond )
f
Enter

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MATERI DIKLAT

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TO
Click
CYCLEto edit Master
- FREQUENCY titlePERIOD
- AND style
Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click (nto )edit
rpm, ( f )text
Master Hz,styles
dan T ( s )
• Second level
• Secondnlevel 1
T  (sec ond )
• Thirdf level
 (cps) f
• Third level60
• Fourth level
•n Fourth levelper minute (rpm) or.
• Fifth level
= revolutions
•f =Fifth level per second (rps) or cycles per second
revolutions
(cps) or (Hz)

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
Tangential speed is the ratio
• Click to edit Master text styles
of length of path
• Click to edit Master text styles of circle) to
• Second level (circumference
• Second level the time interval (period).
• Third level
• Third levelR
• Fourth level Length of path
• Fourth level v
• Fifth level Elapsed time
• Fifth level
2pR
v  -1
(ms )
T

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
styles velocity ( )
Anguler
• Click to edit Master text
• Click to edit Master text styles

• Second level  2p
• Second level or  
• Third level t T
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level Speed ( v )
• Fifth level
• Fifth level v = .R

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Relationship to vA and vB:
• Click to edit Master text styles
v A  vB
• Click to edit Master text styles
AvR B A  to
• SecondA level • v
Relationship
A BR BA and B:
• Second level v A RvA  R
 B RB
• Third level A

B
 A
A
• Third level  BR
A B A B
R A R
RABB
• Fourth level RRA B
• Fourth level 2Bp2f pRf A R 
 AA2p 2Rpf B RB
• Fifth level • Relationship
A RBA f BfABand fB:
• Fifth level 2pf fBAfRARA R2fpAAf B fRB
B B
R A
R A B RB
fB  fA
RB

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
V1 = V2  R1 
• Click to edit Master text  
2 styles 1

• Click
R =  R
to2 edit  R2 
Master text styles
• Second level
1 1 2
 R1 
• Second level 2pf 2   2pf1
• Third level  R2 
• Third level
• Fourth level  R1   R1 
• Fourth level f 2   f1 atau n 2   n1
• Fifth level1  R2   R2 
• Fifth
2 level v = speed (ms-1)
 = angular velocity (rad/s)
f = frequency (Hz)
R = radius (m)

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
1 = 2
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text vstyles v2
• Second level 1

• Second level R1 R 2
• Third level
• Third level  v2 
• Fourth level R 2   R 1
 v1 
• Fourth level
• Fifth level 2
•1 Fifth level  = angular velocity (rad/s)
v = tangential speed (m/s)
R = radii (m)

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
M 0,3 kg
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level F =
s (M.g) 3 N
m
• Second level
• Third level m 0,2 kg
• Third level ms -2
• Fourth level as 15
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
Fs = m as
3 N = (0.2 kg). as
M
Enter
as = 15 ms-2

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MATERI DIKLAT

PERCEPATAN
PERCEPATAN SENTRIPETAL
SENTRIPETAL
Click to GAYA
DAN edit Master
GAYA title style
SENTRIPETAL
SENTRIPETAL
Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
Percepatan Gaya
• Click to edit Master text sentripetal
styles
•sentripetal
Second level (as) (Fs)
• Second  level
• Thirds level
a = 2R
Fs = m.as
• Third
as = level
(2pf)2R Fs = m 2R
• Fourth level 2f 2R 2/R
a s = 4p
• Fourth level Fs = m.v
• Fifth levelyang
Percepatan Gaya yang arahnya
• Fifth selalu
arahnya level menuju selalu menuju pusat
pusat lingkaran. lingkaran.

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
Fc = m.ac
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text
F m 2R
styles
=
• Second level c
• Second level
• Third level v2
• Third level Fc  m
• Fourth level R
• Fourth level
• Fifth level Fc = centripetal force (N)
• Fifth level m = mass of the moon (kg)
 = abgular velosity (rad/s)
Enter v = tangential speed (m/s)

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MATERI DIKLAT

CALCULATING OF CIRCULAR MOTION


ClickTHE
to MOON
edit Master title style
GOESTHE EARTH
Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles speed (v) of a
• Second level Tangential
• Second level moon goes round the
• Third level earth :
R
• Third level
• Fourth level v=R
• Fourth level v v = 2pfR
• Fifth level
• Fifth level R = the distance of earth
core.
Enter

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit CMaster text styles In A point:
• Click to edit
W Master text styles N-W = m.ac
• Second level N
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level Fc
In B point:
• FourthN level N-Wcos = m.as

• Fourth level
• FifthBlevel
• Fifth level N In C point:
W A N+W = m.as
Enter
W
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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
enter

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to editN Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
Fc = m.ac
• Second level
• Second level N – W = m.ac
• Third level
• Third levelW R
• Fourth level
• Fourth level R N
• Fifth level
Fc = m.ac m
• Fifth level
W– N = m.ac

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
Tx = Tsin  and
• Click to edit Master text styles Ty = Tcos
• Click to edit Master text
y θ styles
• Second level L mg = Tcos  and
• Second level
• Third level T cos θ T
m(v 2/R)= Tsin

•T Third level
T tan  =(v2/Rg)
• Fourth level θ
L = length of string
• Fourth level x
• Fifth
R level T sin θ Period of circle (Tp) :
• Fifth level
m.g L cos 
m.g m.g Tp  2p
g

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• •The banking
Click to editroad. A car
Master rounding
text styles a curve on a
• road
Second level
banked at an angle to the horizontal..
• Second level
•• Obliqueness
Third level follow intended to give centripetal
•acceleration
Third levelby car to be curving.
• Fourth level
•• •Please
Fourth level
Fifth level force diagram the car moving in its
note
•circular path is the horizontal component of the
Fifth level
normal.

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text
F =styles
ma
• Click to edit Master text 
styles 2/r
• Second level N sin = m v
• Second level N cos  = mg
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level N sin  mv 2
v 2
• Fourth level  r

• Fifth level N cos  mg gr
• Fifth level 2
v
tan  
gr

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.1
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
•1.Click to edit Master text styles
A object go to encircle of turn street as
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second
much as level
eight times during 40 second. Find
• Second level and period.
the frequency
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level Penyelesaian:
• Fifth level f = 8/40 = 1/5 Hz
T = 1/f = 5 s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.2
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
2. A object neet of times 18 menute to turn
• Click to edit Master text styles
aroundto90
• Click time
edit to gotext
Master around of path a
styles
• Second levelis period and frequency of the
circle. How
• Second level
• Third level
move follows?
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
Penyelesaian:
• Fifth level
n = 90/18 put/men = 5 rpm
f = n/60 = 5/60 = 1/12 Hz
T = 1/f = 12 s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.3
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
• Click
One thirdtocircumference of circle
edit Master text taken of by Badu
styles
at• 15 second
Click to run.
to edit What text
Master the period
stylesand frequency
• Second
of Badu? level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
Penyelesaian:
• Fifth level
f = (1/3 put) /(15 s) = 0.022 Hs
T = 1/f = 1/(0,022) = 45 s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.4
edit Master title style
4.
Click to edit Master title style
A pulley to spin at 300 rpm (revolutions per menit).
• Click
Calculate :
to edit Master text styles
•– Click
frequency at (Hz).
to edit Master text styles
• Second
– period at level
(second).
•– Second level at (rad/sec).
Angular velocity
• Third level
– Tangential velocity to point of wheel edge if the pulley
• Third level
• Fourth
with alevel
radius 150 mm.
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
Penyelesaian:
• Fifth
f= n/60
level= 300/60 = 5 Hz
T = 1/f = 1/5 s
= 2pf = 2 x 3,14 x 5 = 31,4 rad/s
v = R = 31,4 x 150 x 10-3 = 4,17 m/s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.5
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A wheel having a diameter 3 m to spin at 120 rpm.
• Click to: edit Master text styles
Calculate
• frequency.
Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
a.
b. • period.
Second level
• Third level
c. • angular
Third level
velocity
• Fourth level
d.•tangential velocity the point by wheel side.
Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Penyelesaian:
Fifth level f= n/60 =120/60 = 2 Hz
T = 1/f = ½ s
= 2pf = 2p 2 = 4p rad/s
v = R = 4p x 3:2 = 6p m/s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise
edit Master .title
6 style
Click to edit Master title style
A• phonograph record
Click to edit a playingtext
Master songstyles
and rotate with angle of
• Click
center 13,2 radians
to editduring 6 s. text styles
Master
• Second level
Calculate:
• Second level ,
• Third level
a. Angular velocity
• Third
b. Period level
dan frequency of phonograph record follow.
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level
Penyelesaian: = 13,2 rad /6 s = 2,2 rad/s
 = 2p/T atau  =2pf
T = 2p/  2,85 s
f = 1/T = 0,35 Hz
INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 34 34
MATERI DIKLAT

Exercise.7
Click to edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A car a round by circle which its radius 1,0
• Click to edit Master text styles
km withto speed
• Click is 144
edit Master km/hr. Calculate
text styles
•angular
Secondvelocity
level at rad/sec.
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• FourthPenyelesaian:
level
• Fifth level
v=R
• Fifth level
 = v/R
= (144 x (1000/3600)/1000
= 0.04 rad/s
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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.8
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A
• racer
Clickride its motor
to edit Masterto revolves by circle path with
text styles
diameter
• Click30to m. How
edit much text
Master the centripetal
styles
• Second level
acceleration if motor speed at 30 m/s?
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
Penyelesaian:
• Fifth level
as = v2/R
= (30)2/(30/2)
= 60 m/s2

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.9
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A
• rubber
Click tocork
edit fastened by styles
Master text its end a string
• Click
which length 0,95
to edit m. That
Master textstrings
styles then
• Second level
turned around
• Second level horizontal and cork conduct
• Third
one levelduring 1,57 sec. Find the
rotation
• Third level
centripetal acceleration rubber cork follow.
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Penyelesaian:
Fifth level as = 2R
= (2p/T)2R
= (4p2/T2)R
= 23,86 m/s2

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 37 37


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Exercise.10
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A wheel grind have diameter 25 cm rotary at axis 1800
• Click
rpm. Howtomuchedit acceleration
Master text to styles
center at object which
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
located in flange.
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth levelPenyelesaian:
• Fourth level
• Fifth level f = n/60 =1800/60 = 30 Hz
• Fifth levela = 2 R

= (2 p f) D/2
2

= 4p2 f2 D/2
= 2. 900 . 25 . 10-2 p2. ms-2

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 38 38


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Task edit Master 1 title style


Click to edit Master title style
The object (B) with mass 0,5 kg is bound at the end of string while a
• Click to edit Master text styles
object (A) with mass 4,5 kg is bound at the end of is other of string through
bamboo hole such as figure. The object B is turned around horizontal so that
• Click
happened toatedit
balance Master
the time of trajectorytext styles
by radius R = 1 m. If g = 10 ms-2 .
• Second
Determine extent:level
• Centripetal
– Secondacceleration
level of B.
• –Third level
Centripetal force of B.
• Third level
– Angular velocity (  )
• Fourth level
– frequency of A at (Hz).
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
Jawab:
Fs•= m
Fifth level
g = 4,5 . 10 = 45 N as = ω2 . R = 9 ms-2

Fs = m . Ω2 . R f   0,48 Hz
45 = 0,5 . Ω2 . 1 2p
Ω = 3 rad/s

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MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Task edit Master 2 title style


Click to edit Master title style
An object have mass 0.41 kg that a string of the radius 2.0 m in length.
• Click to edit Master text styles
Other back part of the string bound by pillar. Then the object is revolves to
horizontal circular part with angle between a string to vertical line is 37o
• 37Click toCalculate
edit Master text styles
•a.Second
(sin o = 0,6 ). :
period moving,
level
• String
Second level
• Third level
b. tension.
• Third level 2m
37o

• Fourth level
• Fourth level
Jawab:
• Fifth level
cos 
T  2p
• Fifth level
p
g
Tp = 2,5 s
m g = T cos θ  T = 5,1 N

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 40 40


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Task 3
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
The conical pendulum with an 0.20 kg bon on a 1.30 m string. The object
• Click to edit Master text styles
revolves with constant speed in a horizontal circle of radius 0.50 m,
•a. Constant
Click
(Because to edit
the string Master
sweeps text
out the surface styles
of a cone. Calculate:
• Secondspeed, level
• Period
b. Second level
of revolution,
• c.Third level
String tension.
• Third level
•Solution:
Fourth level
• Fourth
T sin θ = m --- level
• Fifth level
• θFifth
tan level
= ---- V
2 v = R . g . tan θ  v = 1,9 ms .
2 -1
 cos 
Tp  2p = 2,17 s
R g
V2 mg
T = -------- = 2,17 N
Rg Cos θ

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 41 41


MATERI DIKLAT

Task
Click to edit 4 title style
Master
Click to edit Master title style
A ball of mass 200 gram that is tied to a string of length radius 30 cm
• Click to edit Master text styles
and is being whirled at constant speed in a vertical circular path. If a
• Click
constant to edit
angular velocityMaster text
20 rad/s and g = styles
10 m/s2. Find string
•tension
Second level
when object at:
•a. Second
Bottom of thelevel
circle,
• b.Third level
Top of the circle.
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 42 42


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to Task 5
edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
A object of mass 4.0 kg that is tied to a string of length radius
• Click
2.0 m and istobeing
editwhirled
Master text styles
at constant speed in a vertical
• Click
circular path,to
with constant
edit Masterspeed 5.0styles
text m/s. Calculate
• Second
maximum level
tension and minimum to circle center.
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level

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MATERI DIKLAT

CONCLUSION
Click to edit Master title style
Click to edit Master title style
• The object moving in a circular path with constant linear speed is called
• Click to edit
uniform circular Master text styles
motion.
•• •When Click
an to moves
object
Second level
editinMaster
a circular textits styles
path, velocity vector is
•perpendicular
Secondto the radius of the circle.
level
•• Third levelvector in uniform circular motion is always perpendicular
The acceleration
•to Third level
the path and always points toward the center of the circle.
•• Fourth level
The object moving with uniform circular motion have linear speed (v)
•comparable
Fourth level
• Fifth level by angular velocity () is constant.
2p
•v =Fifth
.R and  = -----
level T
• Acceleration and centripetal forces.
v 2
m.v 2
ac = 2. R or ac = ---R dan Fc = ----
R
atau F c = m. 2.R

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 44 44


MATERI DIKLAT

Click to edit Master title style


Click to edit Master title style
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Click to edit Master text styles
• Second level
• Second level
• Third level
• Third level
• Fourth level
• Fourth level
• Fifth level
• Fifth level

INSTRUMEN SK/KD INDKT KESIMP TUGAS 45 45