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Renewable and Green

Fuels
Production of Biofuel from coffee beans

Presented by:
Team Renewable and Green Fuels, Technical
forum SPACE UET Lahore
Content

 Renewable Energy
 Importance of Renewable Energy
 Present status of Renewable energy in world
 Scope of Renewable Energy in World
 Energy Crisis in Pakistan
 Scope of Renewable Energy in Pakistan
 Some interesting facts about Renewable energy
 Flowsheet of our Process
What is Renewable energy?

• Energy from Renewable sources

• Constantly replenished and will never run


out.

• It is contributing a major role in the


production of electricity through out the
world
Importance of Renewable Energy:

 Environmental Benefits
 Environmental friendly

 Energy for many generations

 If we sow it today, next generation will harvest it tomorrow

 Jobs and the Economy

 It will reduce unemployment

 Energy Security
 Equal energy for everyone
Present Status of Renewable energy
Future of Renewable energy in world
Energy Crisis of Pakistan

 Demand: 19,500 MW

 Production: 15,886 MW

 Normal Shortage: 3500 MW

 Shortage in Summer: 6000 MW


Energy Resources of Pakistan
Electricity generation stats of Pakistan
Scope of Renewable energy in Pakistan

 Incoming Oil crisis

 Environmental Issues

 Pakistan is rich in renewable resources


Interesting facts about Renewable
energy

 Incredibly, as of 2017, China builds 2 wind turbines every hour!


 Renewable energy sources, like wind and solar power, now generate almost
one thirdof the UK’s electricity.
 Renewable Energy creates 5 times more jobs than fossil fuels.
 In 2016, Portugal made history by running on renewable energy alone for 107
hours.
 If taken advantage of to its fullest extent, sunlight beamed on the earth for 1
hour could meet world’s energy demands for an entire year
 Solar power may account for the world's main source of power by 2050.
 A world record was set in 1990 when a solar-powered airplane flew across the
United States in stages, using no fuel at all.
 In Iceland, 100% of the energy is supplied by geothermal and hydropower
sources!
 According to the WWF, the whole world could get all the power it needs from
renewable resources by 2050, ending our reliance on fossil fuels and other
depleting resources – but only if the right political, financial and societal
decisions are made, and quickly
Types of Renewable energy

 Solar power

 Wind energy

 Hydroelectric power

 Biomass

 Geothermal energy
Production of Biofuel from used Coffee
beans
 Utilizes used coffee beans and convert it into Biofuel

 Process is divided into 4 parts


 Extraction
 Pellet production
 Free fatty acid creation
 Esterification
Section 1:Extraction
Pellet Production
Free Fatty Acid Creation
Esterification
Advantages Disadvantages

 In Pakistan Coffee
 Utilizes Coffee grounds
consumption is too
which would be wasted
low ( i.e. 0.8
otherwise
kg/person while
consumption in USA
 Economically feasible is 5 kg/person and
its 10 kg/person in
Austria)
 No adverse effect on
environment
References

 www.renewableenergyworld.com/index/tech/why-renewable-energy.html
 http://www.greenlivingasc.org/?p=1772
 Abdullah, Mudafer and A. Bulent Koc. “Oil removal from waste coffee grounds
using two-phase
 solvent extraction enhanced with ultrasonication.” Renewable Energy, Volume
50. Feb 2013
 "Are Outputs from a Coffee Waste to Biofuel Process Effected by Bean Type?"
Waste
 Management World. N.p., 22 Oct. 2015. Web. 12 Apr. 2017
 Bullis, Kevin. “Ethanol vs. Biodiesel.” MIT Technology Review. 1 Sep 2006.
Web
Any Question?
THANK YOU