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Civil Engineering Materials

CE-115

Dr. Muhammad Salik Javaid


SCEE - NUST
What is Civil
Engineering?
 Profession of designing and
executing structural works that
serve the general public, including
bridges, canals, dams, harbors,
lighthouses, roads, tunnels, and
environmental works (e.g., water
supply systems). The modern field
includes power plants, aircraft and
airports, chemical-processing
plants, and water-treatment
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facilities.
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What is Civil
Engineering?
 Civil engineering today involves
site investigations and feasibility
studies, structural design and
analysis, construction, and facilities
maintenance. The design of
engineering works requires the
application of design theory from
many fields (e.g., hydraulics,
thermodynamics, nuclear physics).

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What is Civil
Engineering?
 A branch of engineering that
encompasses the conception, design,
construction, and management of
residential and commercial buildings and
structures, water supply facilities, and
transportation systems for goods and
people, as well as control of the
environment for the maintenance and
improvement of the quality of life.
 Civil engineering includes planning and
design professionals in both the public
and private sectors, contractors,
builders, educators, and researchers.

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What is Civil
Engineering?
 Civil engineering is a professional
engineering discipline that deals with the
design and construction of the physical
and natural built environment, including
works such as bridges, roads, canals,
dams and buildings.
 Civil engineering is the oldest
engineering discipline after military
engineering, and it was defined to
distinguish it from military engineering.

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What is Civil
Engineering?
 Civil Engineering is nothing but
simple common sense –
however – common sense is
very uncommon

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Science, Engineering,
Technology
 Science deals with humans’
understanding of the real world about
them – the inherent properties of space,
matter, energy and their interactions.
 Engineering is the application of
objective knowledge to creation of plans,
designs and means for achieving desired
objectives.
 Technology deals with tools and
techniques for carrying out plans.

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Sub-disciplines of Civil
Engineering
 Environmental engineering
 Geotechnical engineering
 Structural engineering
 Transportation engineering
 Water resources engineering
 Materials engineering
 Coastal engineering
 Surveying
 Urban planning
 Construction engineering

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Civil Engineering
Materials Course
 Credit Hours 3
 Semester Weeks 16/18
 Periods 48
 Evaluation/Grading
 Home Assignments (4 to 5) 5%
 Quiz test (5 to 6) unannounced 15%
 Class tests (3) announced 40%
 End Semester Exam 40%
 Industrial visits

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Civil Engineering
Materials Course
 GPA (Grade Point Average)
System
 A grade 4.0
 B+ grade 3.5
 B grade 3.0
 C+ grade 2.5
 C grade 2.0
 D grade 1.0
 F grade 0.0
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Civil Engineering
Materials Course
 Text Book
 Engineering Materials, 5th Revised Edition
by Surendra Singh
 Reference Books
 Materials of Construction by S. Z. H. Syed
 Building Materials, 2nd Edition by S. K.
Duggal, Allahabad, India
 Materials of Construction by R. C. Smith

 Engineering Materials, 3rd Revised Edition

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Building Material
 Any material which is used for
construction purpose is called as
building material
 Natural materials
 Unprocessed, raw
 minimally processed

 Synthetic materials
 Industrial processing
 Artificially composed
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Construction Materials
 Building stones
 Bricks and clay products
 Cement concrete
 Timber and wood products
 Metals and alloys
 Paints, varnishes, distempers
 Asphalt, bitumen and tar
 Plastics and fibers
 Glass
 Asbestos, adhesives and abrasives

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Construction Materials
 Ice
 Ceramics
 Plastics
 Foam
 Cement composites
 Virtual materials

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CE-115 Syllabus & Periods
Distribution
 Stone 8 8
 Bricks 8 6
 Timber 8 6
 Paints and varnishes 4 3
 Metals 6 4
 Plastics 2 1
 Glass 4 2
 Miscellaneous materials 8 6
 Paving asphalt, bitumen 2 2
 Insulating materials 0 1
 Concrete constituents 10 9

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Stone
 Definition
 Classification of rocks
 Physical and chemical characteristics of
good building stones
 Tests of stones
 Quarrying and dressing of stones
 Deterioration mechanism of stones
 Selection of stones
 Preservation of stones
 Artificial or cast stones
 Natural bed of stone and stone masonry

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Bricks
 Definition
 Classification of bricks
 Manufacture of bricks
 Comparison of stone and bricks
 Brick earth (composition, harmful
substances)
 Physical and chemical qualities of good
bricks
 Fire or refractory bricks
 Tests done on burnt clay bricks
 Types of brick masonry bonds
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of bricks in slabs
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CE-115 Syllabus
 Timber
 Definition
 Classification
 Characteristics of hard and soft wood
 Growth of timber and its structure
 Characteristics of good timber. Tests
performed on timber.
 Defects in timber and their effects on
member response.
 Seasoning of timber.
 Preservation of timber.
 Use of timber in construction.
3/1/2019 12:01 PM  Veneers
CE-115,and plywood.
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CE-115 Syllabus
 Paints and Varnishes
 Definition
 Functions of paints
 Composition of oil paints
 Preparation of oil paints
 Characteristics of good paint
 Types of paints
 Rheological properties of paints
 Defects in painting

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Metals
 Introduction
 Composition, properties, uses and
manufacture of ferrous metals used in
civil engineering
 Pig iron, cast iron, wrought iron and steel
 Heat treatment and their effect on steel
properties
 Corrosion and methods of its prevention

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Plastics
 Definition
 Classification of plastics
 Properties of plastics
 Manufacturing processes
 Use of plastics in building construction

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Glass
 Introduction
 Raw materials
 Manufacturing processes
 Types of glass
 Properties of glass
 Classification of glass
 Uses of glass

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Miscellaneous materials
 Lime
 Gypsum
 Tiles
 Rubber
 Asbestos
 Paving Asphalt, Bitumen
 General description
 Composition, varieties, properties and
uses of bitumen

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CE-115 Syllabus
 Insulating materials
 Water proofing materials
 Heat insulating materials
 Acoustic materials
 Constituents of concrete
 General description of cement and
phases of cement clinker production
 Composition and manufacture of cement
 Properties of portland cement
 Discussion and properties of concrete
constituents

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