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BHARATI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

NAVI MUMBAI, MAHARASHTRA 400614


(DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING)

COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING


CAD/CAM/CAE
SUBMITTED BY
KIRAN DILIP PATIL
B4712

GUIDED BY
PROF. SAGAR DHARMADHIKARI
DEFINATION
“CIM is the integration of the total manufacturing enterprise through the
use of integrated systems and data communications coupled with new
managerial philosophies that improve organizational and personnel
efficiency.”

Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) is manufacturing approach of


using computers to control the entire production process.
INTRODUCTION
• CIM is the integration of all enterprise operations and activities around a
common corporate data repository.
• It is the use of integrated systems and data communications coupled with new
managerial philosophies.
• CIM is not a product that can be purchased and installed.
• It is a way of thinking and solving problems.
• This integration allows individual processes to exchange information with each
other and initiate actions.
• CIM basically involves the integration of advanced technologies such as CAD,
CAM, CNC, robots, AMHS.
• Today CIM has moved a step ahead by including and integrating the business
improvement activities such as customer satisfaction, total quality and continuous
improvement.
EVOLUTION OF CIM
• CIM is considered a natural evolution of the technology of CAD/CAM
which by itself evolved by the integration of CAD and CAM.
• MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA) is credited with
pioneering the development in both CAD and CAM.
• The need to meet the design and manufacturing requirements of
aerospace industries after the Second World War necessitated the
development of these technologies.
Benefits of CIM
Improved customer service
Improved quality
Shorter time to market with new products
Shorter flow time
Shorter vendor lead time
Reduced inventory levels
Improved schedule performance
Greater flexibility and responsiveness
Improved competitiveness
Lower total cost (overall cost of production)
Shorter customer lead time
Increase in manufacturing productivity
Decrease in work-in process inventory
CIM HARDWARE AND CIM SOFTWARE
CIM Hardware comprises the following:

i. Manufacturing equipment such as


• CNC machines or computerized work centers,
• robotic work cells,
• DNC/FMS systems,
• work handling and tool handling devices,
• storage devices,
• sensors,
• shop floor data collection devices,
• inspection machines etc.
ii. Drawing equipment such as
• Computers,
• controllers,
• CAD/CAM systems,
• workstations / terminals,
• data entry terminals,
• bar code readers,
• RFID tags, printers, plotters and other peripheral devices,
modems, cables, connectors etc.,
CIM software comprises computer programmes to carry out the
following functions:
• Analysis
• Business Process Engineering (redesign & analysis of existing work
flow)
• Communications
• Device Drivers
• Database Management
• Finance
• Inventory Control
• Network Management
• Order Entry
• Process Planning
• Production Control
• Job Tracking
• Manufacturing Area Control
• Marketing
• Materials Handling
• Management Information System (MIS)
• Modeling and Design
• Monitoring
• Manufacturing Facilities Planning
• Quality Management
• Sales
• Shop Floor Data Collection
• Simulation
• Work Flow Automation
Nine major elements of a CIM system
• Marketing
• Product Design
• Planning
• Purchase
• Manufacturing Engineering
• Factory Automation Hardware
• Warehousing
• Finance
• Information Management
CIM database
i. Product Data:
Data about parts to be manufactured
It includes text and geometry data

ii. Manufacturing / Production Data:


Information on how parts are to be manufactured

iii. Engineering Data:


Information on use of computer in analysis, inspection, testing

iv. Operational Data:


Describes the things specific to production:
lot size, schedule, assembly sequence etc.

v. Resource Data:
Describes resources involved in operations:
materials, machines, human resources and money.
CIM Data Base
OBJECTIVES OF DATABASE
A database serves the following objectives:

• Reduce or eliminate redundant data


• Integrate existing data
• Provide security
• Share data among users
• Incorporate changes quickly and effectively
• Exercise effective control over data
• Simplify the method of using data
• Reduce the cost of storage and retrieval of data
• Improve accuracy and integrity of data
ROLE OF CAD/CAM IN CIM
• CAD/CAM is concerned with the engineering functions in both
design and manufacturing.

• Product design, engineering analysis, and documentation of the


design (e.g. drafting) represent engineering activities in design.

• Process planning, NC part programming, and other activities


associated with CAM represent engineering activities in
manufacturing.

• The CAD/CAM systems developed during the 1970s and early


1980s were designed primarily to address these types of
engineering problems.
SCOPE of Computer Integrated Manufacturing
• CIM includes all the engineering functions of CAD/CAM, and also includes the
firm's business functions that are related to manufacturing.

• The ideal CIM system applies computer and communications technology to all
of the operational functions and information processing functions in
manufacturing from
1) order receipt, through
2) design and
3) production, to product
4) shipment.

• The scope of CIM, compared with the more limited scope of CAD/CAM, is
depicted in Figure.
Scope of CAD/CAM and ClM
CIM Wheel (Islands of CIM)
OBSTACLES TO CIM
• Cost
• Time
• Technical skills of support staff
• Management commitment
• Nature of business
• Integration of components from different suppliers
• Data Integrity
• Process Control
Schematic diagram of the CIM
THANKYOU