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Design & Development of

Solar Grass Cutter

• A Solar grass cutter is a machine that uses sliding blades to cut a lawn
at an even length. Power consumption becomes essential for future.
Solar grass cutter is a very useful device which is very simple in
construction. It is used to maintain and upkeep lawns in gardens,
schools, college’s etc.

• Moving the grass cutters with a standard motor powered grass cutters
is an inconvenience, and no one takes pleasure in it.
 Solar Energy:-

• Solar energy is very large, inexhaustible source of energy. The power from the sun
interrupted by earth is approximately 1.8/10MW, which are many thousands of
times larger than the present consumption rate on the earth of all energy sources.

• Unlike fossil fuels and nuclear power, it is an environmentally clean source of


• It is free and available in adequate quantities in almost all parts of the world people
Main Components Used
• Solar panels

• Batteries

• Brush less DC motor

• LM358 comparator

• Temperature sensor

• Mechanism used – Scotch Yoke Mechanism

• Circuit breaker

• Blades
Literature Review
 Budding’s Lawn Mover (1830)
• The first lawn mower was invented by Edwin Budding
in 1830 just outside Stroud, in Gloucestershire,

• Budding’s mower was designed primarily to cut the

grass on sports grounds and extensive gardens, as a
superior alternative to the scythe, and was granted a
British patent on August 31, 1830.

• Budding’s first machine was 19 inches (480 mm) wide

with a frame made of wrought iron. The mower was
pushed from behind.
Literature Review
 Thomas Green &Son of Leeds (1850)
• In the 1850s, Thomas Green & Son of Leeds
introduced a mower called the Silens Messor
(meaning silent cutter), which used a chain to transmit
power from the rear roller to the cutting cylinder.

• These machines were lighter and quieter than the gear

driven machines that preceded them, although they
were slightly more expensive.

• Lawn mowers became a more efficient alternative to

the scythe.
Literature Review
 Rotary Mowers (1920-1950)
• Rotary mowers were not developed until engines were
small enough and powerful enough to run the blades
at sufficient speed.

• Many people experimented with rotary blade mowers

in the late 1920s and early 1930s, and Power
Specialties Ltd. introduced a gasoline-powered rotary
mower. KutKwick replaced the saw blade of the "Pulp
Saw" with a double-edged blade and a cutter deck,
converting the "Pulp Saw" into the first ever out-front
rotary mower.
Problem Definition & Methodology
 Problem Definition:-
• Gas powered lawn mowers due to the emission of gases it is responsible for
• Also the cost of fuel is increasing hence it is not efficient.
• Electric lawn mower is corded, mowing could prove to be problematic and
 Methodology:-
• Solar powered lawn mower can be described as the application of solar energy to
power an electric motor which in turn rotates a blade which does the mowing of a
• Solar energy is the renewable energy.

1 Totally free from pollution. Pollution is a great factor.

2 No fuel consumption. Fuel is the important need.

3 No. of reciprocating parts are less. No. of reciprocating parts are more.

4 Friction is greatly reduced. Frictions between the parts are high.

5 Low cost and maintenance. Maintenance is difficult & costly.

6 Load carrying capacity is low. Load carrying capacity is high.

Continuous ride for hours together is not

7 Continuous ride is possible.

Ratio of speed reduction more when weight

8 Speed reduction ratio is less and it does not vary.
increases very much.
Advantages & Limitations


Compact size and portable. Large time required to remove the grass.

Easy to move from one place to another

Manually operated.

Non-skilled person also operate this

Difficult to operate in rainy seasons.
Estimated Cost
Sr. No. Component Quantity Estimated Cost (Rs.)
1 Solar Panel 1 3500
2 DC Motor 1 3000
3 Batteries 4 3600
4 Electrical Components - 2000
5 Mechanical Components - 3000
Total - 15,100
Product Description
Motor power 350w,24v,2500rpm

Battery type Li –on Battery

Battery speciation 12v ,7.2 Ah

Charging time 5 to 6 Hrs

Solar panel 50w,12v

• This project is more suitable for a common man as it is having much more
advantages i.e., no fuel cost, no pollution and no fuel residue, less wear and tear
because of less number of moving components and this can be operated by using
solar energy.

• This will give much more physical exercise to the people and can be easily

• At present in order to curtail global warming and ozone depletion, the Government
of India is offering subsidy for the solar equipment's.
• Thiruchelvam T; Nimal D A D; Upali S (2007). Comparison of quality and yield of copra
processed in CRI improved kiln drying and sun drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 78,1446–

• Shanmugam V; Natarajan E (2006). Experimental investigation of forced convection and desiccant

integrated solar dryer. Renewable energy, 31, 1239–1251.

• Stand-alone solar energy: Planning, sizing and installation of stand-alone photovoltaic systems by
Oliver StylePaperback.

• The new solar home (by Dave Bonta, Stephen Snyder).