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Language as system

Language is systematic,when we think of


Language as made up of sound.A very basic
observation is that each Language contains
two systems rather than one,a system of
sounds and systems of meanings.Only certain
sounds are used by speakers of any
Language,and only certain combination of
these sounds are possible.
Language as arbitrary
"Arbitrary" in the definition does not means that
everything about Language is unpredictable,for
language Does not vary in every possible way.It
means that there will be no way of predicting what a
word means just from hearing it,or knowing in
advance whether or how nouns will be inflected,or of
saying whether pronouns will fall into particular
pattern.
Language as vocal
The term ‘vocal’ in the definition refers to the fact
that the primary medium of language is sound, and it
is sound for all languages, no matter how well
developed are their writing systems. All the evidence
we have, from the continued existence of preliterate
society, through the knowledge we have of language
acquisition by children, to the existence of historical
records, confirms the fact that writing is based on
speaking. We must acknowledge the centrality of
speech to any study of language and therefore take
and interesting phonetics and phonology.
Language as symbol
The term symbol in the definition refers to the factthat there is no connection, or
at least in a few cases only a minimal connection, between the sounds that
people use and the object to which these sounds refer. Language is symbolic
system, a system in which words are associated with object, ideas, and actions by
conventions so that ‘a rose by any other name would smell as sweet’.
First, language (written or spoken words) is just a symbol of something else. I can
write the word heart, for example, but the word itself is not a heart. I can say the
word peanut butter, but the word is certainly not edible. Language itself is
symbolic of the words we speak and write.
Second, language is a symbol (a representation) of a culture. The words--both
acceptable and unacceptable--which comprise a language reflect the culture of
those who speak it. If a language has many definitions for a word such as love,
for example, that is an indication of perhaps a more formal and precise culture. If
a language includes a lot of acceptable slang, on the other hand, that is an
indication of a less formal culture. (look at the words which have been added to
the dictionary in the past few years to see where America is heading.) People
think differently, and this is reflected in both an individual's and a culture's
language.
Language as communication
The final term in the definition is "communication": language
is used for communication. Language Allows people to say
things each other and express their communicative needs.
Language is the cement of society, allowing people to live,
work,and play together,to tell them truth but also to tell a
lies.Sometimes it is used merely to keep communication
channel open so That if any need arises to say something of
importance a suitable channels is available.This last function is
met through the convention of greeting and leave-taking,by
small talk at parties and in the chatter of secretaries in a large
office.
Language as human

The human in the definition refer: to the fact


that the kind of system that interests us is
possessed only by human beings and is very
different from the communication systems that
other form of forms of life possess.