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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE TRAINING COURSE

DOPPLER VHF
OMNIDIRECTIONAL RANGE
BEACON (DVOR)
SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc.
11300 West 89th Street
Overland Park, KS 66214
USA
T: 1-913-495-2600

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 1 Rev -, December 28, 2007
COURSE OBJECTIVES

• Name and locate each major assembly of the 1150 DVOR


Equipment, explain the function of each, and explain its
contribution to the overall signal flow.
• Operate and align the DVOR equipment in accordance with
the manufacturer’s specifications.
• Recognize out of tolerance conditions and troubleshoot
the DVOR equipment to the module, subassembly or Line
Replaceable Unit (LRU) level.
• Verify and perform hardware and software configuration
procedures.
• Upgrade operating software of the 1150 DVOR equipment.
• Perform ground check procedures and provide ground
support for flight checks.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 2 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

MODEL 1150 DVOR IN CONTEXT OF


GENERAL DVOR THEORY

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OBJECTIVES OF MODEL 1150 DVOR IN CONTEXT OF GENERAL DVOR THEORY

• RF spectrum as seen by the aircraft


• The phase relationship of the AM and FM
components
• How Model 1150 Doppler VOR produces each
component
• The characteristics of the CSB output from
the transmitter
• The characteristics of each sideband output
from the transmitter

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 4 Rev -, December 28, 2007
TYPICAL INSTALLATION OF DVOR STATION

The Counterpoise
Ring of 48 Sideband Carrier Antenna in the is used for clean
Antennas center of the ring reflection of RF
pattern

The Transmitter is
located in the shelter

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 5 Rev -, December 28, 2007
TYPICAL ON-BOARD INDICATORS
The “bug” turns the bearing ring to select the
direction the pilot wants to be traveling when he
arrives at the VOR.
VOR ONLY In this case the pilot wants to fly North
toward the VOR from the South. He
would be on radial 180.
If he is directly south of the VOR, then the
needle is centered.

Bearing
ring A flag shows that he is flying north “To”
the VOR. (The “From” flag would not
be visible in this case.)

“bug” After he passes over the VOR, the “To”


flag disappears and the “From” flag
appears.

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TYPICAL ON-BOARD INDICATORS

VOR AND ILS


A VOR Deviation Indicator can be combined with an
ILS indicator. When the Localizer is selected, then
the vertical needle shows Localizer information
instead of VOR information.

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COMPARING THE TWO 30 Hz SIGNALS AT DIFFERENT AZIMUTHS

AM
FM

NORTH EAST SOUTH WEST


0 DEG 90 DEG 180 DEG 270 DEG
AM AND FM
RADIAL RADIAL RADIAL
SIGNALS
AM LAGS FM AM LAGS FM AM LAGS FM
ARE IN
BY 90 DEG BY 180 DEG BY 270 DEG
PHASE

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 8 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Example

AM
FM

NORTH

W
VOR AM E
E AM
A
S FM
S
T FM
T

AM
FM

SOUTH
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COMPOSITE VOR SIGNAL

30 HZ COMPONENT 10440

9960 9960 9960

9960 HZ 9480
COMPONENT

THE 9960 COMPONENT VARIES ITS


FREQUENCY THROUGHOUT ITS CYCLE

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SOURCE OF THE AM COMPONENT

RF MODULATED
BY 30 Hz AUDIO

30 Hz AUDIO FROM
DETECTED RF

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SOURCE OF 30 HZ FM SIGNAL

9960 Hz AUDIO WITH


30 Hz FREQUENCY
MODULATION

30 Hz AUDIO FROM
DISCRIMINATED
9960 AUDIO

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VOR SIGNAL FROM PILOT’S POINT OF VIEW (ON SPECTRUM ANALYZER)

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ROTATION OF SIDEBAND ANTENNAS

USB
3 2 1

25 26 27
LSB
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A portion of the 9960Hz signal is If the sideband
formed by mixing the Carrier USB antenna were
with the USB in space. stationary, then the
9960 Hz signal
would not vary in
frequency.

As the sideband
antenna rotates, it
approaches or departs
the receiver at high The Doppler Effect
velocity. causes the 9960 Hz
to deviate above and
below its center
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The Lower Sideband
USB
adds amplitude to the
9960 Hz signal.

LSB
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BLENDING OF TWO LOWER SIDEBAND SIGNALS IN ADJACENT ANTENNAS

1 3 SIDEBAND 1 (SB3)
ODD ANT

48 2 4 SIDEBAND 2 (SB4)

EVEN ANT

SUM IN SPACE

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FIVE RF OUTPUTS FROM THE TRANSMITTER CABINET

1. CSB – RF at FC, amplitude modulated by 30 Hz + 1020 Hz


+ VOICE
2. SIDEBAND 1 – RF at FC-9960Hz, amplitude modulated by
rectified sine wave
3. SIDEBAND 2 – RF at FC-9960Hz, amplitude modulated by
rectified cosine wave
4. SIDEBAND 3 – RF at FC+9960Hz, amplitude modulated by
rectified sine wave
5. SIDEBAND 4 – RF at FC+9960Hz, amplitude modulated by
rectified cosine wave

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LECTURE

ALFORD LOOP ANTENNA

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OBJECTIVES OF ALFORD LOOP ANTENNA LECTURE

• The physical makeup of the Alford Loop


antennas (Carrier and Sideband)
• The basic propagation theory of the Alford
Loop antenna
• Tuning points of the Alford Loop antenna

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TOP VIEW OF CARRIER ANTENNA

Hole for DME


antenna mast

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 21 Rev -, December 28, 2007
TOP VIEW OF SIDEBAND ANTENNA

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 22 Rev -, December 28, 2007
IMPEDANCE MATCHING NETWORK

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PHYSICAL MAKEUP OF THE ALFOR LOOP ANTENNA

THE ALFORD
LOOP IS TWO
ORTHAGONAL
FOLDED DIPOLES.

ONE DIPOLE IS
HIGHLIGHTED
HERE.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 24 Rev -, December 28, 2007
PHYSICAL MAKEUP OF THE ALFOR LOOP ANTENNA

THE OTHER
DIPOLE IS
HIGHLIGHTED
HERE.

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REMAINING CURRENTS WITH INTERNAL CURRENTS CANCELLED

CONSIDER A
MOMENT IN TIME. THE INTERNAL
CURRENT FLOWS CURRENTS
IN THE PICTURED PRODUCE
DIRECTIONS. FIELDS OF
ASSUMES 180 OPPOSITE AND
DEGREES OF EQUAL FIELD
PHASE STRENGTH.
DIFFERENCE
THEY CANCEL
BETWEEN THE
OUT EACH
TWO FOLDED
OTHER, LEAVING
DIPOLES.
ONLY THE FIELDS
GENERATED BY
THE EXTERNAL
ANTENNA
SURFACES
THE RESULTING RF PATTERN IS
OMNIDIRECTIONAL

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 26 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

TRANSMITTER CABINET
BLOCK DIAGRAM

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OBJECTIVES OF TRANSMITTER CABINET BLOCK DIAGRAM LECTURE

• The main physical components of the


1150 DVOR Transmitter Cabinet
• The primary function of each module
• The flow of RF, Audio, and Control
signals

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MAIN COMPONENTS OF TRANSMITTER CABINET

TRANSMITTER 1

RMS

TRANSMITTER 2

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MONITORING CSB GENERATOR

AUDIO GENERATOR
SIDEBAND GENERATION

RMS
POWER SUPPLIES

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CSB GENERATION
Modulated Carrier
Synthesizer produces CW RF (CSB) to the antenna

Audio Generator adds Audio

LPF eliminates harmonics


Directional Coupler provides samples for Power and VSWR measurements
RF Monitor detects samples and provides audio to the Audio Generator for measurement

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Sideband 1 SBO:
CW RF at LSB frequency, modulated 100% by rectified 360 Hz sine wave

360 Sine wave + Sine bi-phase = Rectified sine wave,


which is applied to CW RF to produce SBO

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 32 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband 2 SBO:
CW RF at LSB frequency, modulated 100% by rectified 360 Hz cosine wave

360 Cosine wave + Cosine bi-phase = Rectified Cosine wave,


which is applied to CW RF to produce SBO

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 33 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband 3 SBO:
CW RF at USB frequency, modulated 100% by rectified 360 Hz sine wave

360 Sine wave + Sine bi-phase = Rectified sine wave,


which is applied to CW RF to produce SBO

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 34 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband 4 SBO:
CW RF at USB frequency, modulated 100% by rectified 360 Hz cosine wave

360 Cosine wave + Cosine bi-phase = Rectified cosine wave,


which is applied to CW RF to produce SBO

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 35 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Power Supplies

BCPS 1 powers Transmitter 1


43 Vdc for Power Amplifier

Increases to 48 Vdc if modulation is above 43%.

28 Vdc for remaining circuits.

Both BCPSes manage the charge A second set of batteries


on the single set of batteries. may be connected in
parallel.
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Radiated RF is received by the Yagi antenna

The RF is applied to two detectors

Detected RF (audio) is applied to the monitors

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Detected RF (audio)
from the dummy load

Standby signal
is analyzed by both monitors.
Standby monitoring is only for
power levels of CSB and SBO.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 38 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Identification Synchronization to the DME

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 39 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

PMDT OPERATION

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 40 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Objectives of PMDT Operation Lecture

• How to obtain access to the PMDT software


• The general layout of the PMDT screen
• The use of Print and Copy icons
• Memory management

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SEC3
THREE

Double-click
PMDT icon Log in with
default username
and password

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Four levels of security:
• Level 1, only view data
• Level 2, only basic controls (On, Off,
Transfer, Reset)
• Level 3, full control and configuration
• Level 4, same as level 3 but adds capability
to create usernames and manage other
users’ passwords

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Sidebar – always visible if logged in.

Info and controls of the Sidebar:


• Whether there is a maintenance alert
• Whether in local mode (must be in local
mode to make changes)
• Status and connection of each
transmitter. These buttons allow for
control.
• Status of each monitor. Bypass control.
• Measurements of the integral monitored
parameters.
• Status of DMEs (not configured on this
screen shot)

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Copy data from this
Print data from this page to the clipboard.
page to a printer The data can be
connected to this PC. pasted to other
programs (Word Pad,
Word, Excel, email,
etc.)

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 45 Rev -, December 28, 2007
PMDT Overview

Printer connected to
Memory Management
the PMDT Laptop

PMDT PC Transmitter Cabinet


System, System, Print
RMS,
Configuration,
Active RAM – Config_Backup Non-
Save
PC
These values are the volatile
storage
ones actually used by Backup
device RMS,
System, the DME Memory
Configuration, Config_Restore
Load
RESET (F8) APPLY (F7)

Screen RAM –
These values are the
ones displayed on the
screen

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 46 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Refer to the manual or PMDT software, and examine the following screens:

•RMS
•Status and Data – Shows condition and measurements of various
parameters. These DO NOT include the monitored parameters.
•Configuration – Allows the maintenance personnel to select the appropriate
operational settings.
•A/D Limits defines the “Pre-alarm” limits for the power supplies
•Logs – maintains a record of various events. Each tab keeps about 100
records, and rotates the oldest ones off as new ones occur.
•Commands – refer to the manual for the definition.
•DME Commands refers to a co-located DME; this function gives DME
remote control even if the DME has no RMM connection.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 47 Rev -, December 28, 2007
•TRANSMITTERS
•Data – Shows measurements of various RF parameters.
•Configuration
•Nominal – Defines the values desired
•Offsets and Scale Factors – to calibrate the specific transmitter to
produce the Nominal values.
•Commands
•Ident commands allow the user to force or remove ident for test
purposes

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 48 Rev -, December 28, 2007
•Monitors
•Data: analysis of signal received by monitor antenna
•Integrity – Shows the values and limits of the monitored parameters
•Ground Check – Allows technician to run an automatic or semi-
automatic ground check, and displays the results.
•Certification Test Results and Test Data – Allows the technician to run
the listed test, and displays the results.
•Standby – displays some of the Transmitters Data fields for the
transmitter connected to the dummy load.
•Offsets and Scale Factors
•Test Generator/Certification – calibrates the Monitor CCA itself
•Field Detector – adjusts for errors in the detected signal

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•Diagnostics
•Power-up results – shows the results of the digital circuitry test performed
at the time of power up.
•Fault Isolation – Auto diagnostic software.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 50 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION

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Pressing this button causes a
window to appear with the proper
dip switch settings to select the
frequency in the window.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 52 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Dip switch settings for frequency selection

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 53 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Audio Generator CCA Hardware configuration

• E1 – to enable the watchdog, jumper 1-2


• There is no E2
• E3 –Jumper 3-4 to disable DVOR ground check. Jumper 1-2 to enable DVOR
ground check.
• E4 – For DVOR application, jumper 3-4
• E5 – For DVOR application, jumper 3-4.

Instructor will point out the jumpers at this time.

Serial Interface Hardware configuration


• Switch S1
• Switches 1, 3, 5, and 8 are set to the ON position
• Switches 2, 4, 6, and 7 are set to the OFF position

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 54 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Monitor CCA Hardware configuration

• Do NOT jumper E1 to E2. Used only during design.


• Do NOT jumper E3 to E4. Used only during Depot maintenance.
• E5, E6 and E7 are calibration jumpers set in factory. Do not change them.
Instructor will point out the jumpers at this time.

1A9 Modem CCA Hardware configuration


• JP1 set to INT1 position
• JP2 is set up during installation, depending on which dialup modem is used,
the internal one, or an external one.
Instructor will point out the jumpers at this time.

Software Re-Installation procedures

Instructor will demonstrate the removal and replacement of software chips on a


module.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 55 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

CSB TRANSMITTER

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 56 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Objectives of CSB Transmitter Lecture

• The inputs and outputs of the Frequency Synthesizer


and CSB Power Amp
• Physical setting and alignment procedures for the
Frequency Generator and CSB Power Amp
• Test Points of Frequency Synthesizer and CSB
Power Amp
• Jumper configurations of Frequency Synthesizer
and CSB Power Amp
• Signal generation and flow of the CSB

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Table 3-9. Synthesizer CCA (1A4, 1A20) Controls and Indicators
TP1 Lower Sideband Quadrature Signal. When Sidebands 1
and 2 (1A4, 1A21) are in phase and equal amplitude this
signal is a triangular waveform.
TP2 Upper Sideband Quadrature Signal. When Sidebands 3
and 4 (1A5, 1A22) are in phase and equal amplitude this
signal is a triangular waveform.
TP3 Carrier Phase Error Voltage (0V için R81 ile ayarla)
TP4 Carrier Phase Control Voltage (2 – 9 V arası)
TP5 DVOR Sideband Manual Phase Control Voltage
TP6 This test point is available for scope or voltmeter ground

Carrier sample
for test
purposes

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 59 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Overtemp (70 C)
protection –
thermistor
mounted on Q5,
Q6

When the percent


modulation is programmed to Percent modulation
be more than 43%, supply stabilization
voltage is increased to 48V
Built-in power out stability and VSWR protection. In addition, there is VSWR
protection by the Audio Generator using the forward and reverse power
feedback from the RF Monitor

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 60 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Low-Pass Filter Assembly and Directional Coupler

The LPA Feedback for


phase and
Filters out
frequency lock
harmonics

Reflected port to measure VSWR


Forward port to measure
transmitted power
Carrier sample
for test point

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 61 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

AUDIO GENERATOR

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 62 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Objectives of Audio Generator Lecture

• The inputs and outputs of the Audio Generator

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Composite output of the Audio Generator

Components of the
Composite Audio
signal:
•30 Hz (30 %)
•Ident (6%) during the
time ident is being sent
•Voice (5%) if selected
and there is an input
•DC component that is
proportional to the
carrier power

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 64 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband audio outputs of the Audio Generator

•Sine wave @ 360 Hz


•This sine wave will be rectified
in the SB Generator, so there will
be 720 “humps” per second.
•Sideband 1 and Sideband 2 are
90 degrees (of the 360 Hz
signal) out of phase, so the
“humps” are 180 degrees out of
phase

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 65 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband biphase outputs of the Audio Generator

•Square wave
•Each time the sideband
signal reaches zero, the
bi-phase changes state
•The bi-phase is used in
the Sideband Generator
to rectify the 360 Hz sine
wave.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 66 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Sideband phasor outputs of the Audio Generator

SB2/4 phase is
fixed – it cannot
be changed
Sideband Phase
DC levels – DC
voltage set by the
operator in PMDT,
to adjust the phase
of the sidebands to
each other (SB1 to
SB2, and SB3 to
SB4).

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 67 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Commutator switching outputs of the Audio Generator

Switching bus to
commutator –
creates the
30Hz FM sine
wave

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 68 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Audio Generator serial communication to RMS

DC and audio levels


Data to RMS for from the RF Monitor.
use in PMDT –
measurements
of audio and dc
analog voltages
from the RF
Monitor.

Voice from
automated
system
(ATIS) or
microphone

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 69 Rev -, December 28, 2007
LECTURE

SIDEBAND GENERATION

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 70 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Objectives of Sideband Generation Lecture

• The inputs and outputs of the Sideband Generator


• Field alignment procedures for the Sideband
Generator
• Function of the Isolators

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Sideband 1
720 “humps”/sec

CW RF @
Carrier freq
Minus 10 KHz

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Sideband 2

CW RF @
Carrier freq
Minus 10 KHz

720 “humps”/sec

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Sideband 1 (or 3)

Sideband 2 (or 4)

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Sideband Generator Test Points

Table 3-10. Sideband Generator (1A5, 1A6, 1A21, 1A22) Controls and Indicators

TP1 This test point is the Sideband 1 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 3 (1A6,1A22) Dynamic Phase
Control Voltage.
TP2 This test point is the Sideband 1 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 3 (1A6,1A22) Sideband Manual
Phase Control Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing the phaser control voltage.

TP3 This test point is the Sideband 1 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 3 (1A6,1A22) Mean Phase
Control Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing the mean (slow) phaser control
voltage.
TP4 This test point is the Sideband 1 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 3 (1A6,1A22 Mean Phase Error
Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing the mean (slow) error control voltage. If the
control loop is locked this voltage should be nearly 0 volts.

TP5 This test point is the detected output of the Sideband 1 (1A5, 1A21) or Sideband 3 (1A6,
1A22) output. This signal is a rectified 360 Hz waveform in DVOR mode.

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Sideband Generator Test Points

Table 3-10. Sideband Generator (1A5, 1A6, 1A21, 1A22) Controls and Indicators

TP6 This test point is the detected output of the Sideband 2 (1A5, 1A21) or
Sideband 4 (1A6, 1A22) output. This signal is a rectified 360 Hz waveform
in DVOR mode.
TP7 This test point is the Sideband 2 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 4 (1A6,1A22
Mean Phase Error Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing the mean
(slow) error control voltage. If the control loop is locked this voltage should
be nearly 0 volts.
TP8 This test point is the Sideband 2 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 4 (1A6,1A22
Mean Phase Control Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing the mean
(slow) phaser control voltage.
TP9 This test point is the Sideband 2 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 4 (1A6,1A22
Sideband Manual Phase Control Voltage. This is a DC voltage representing
the phaser control voltage.
TP10 This test point is the Sideband 2 (1A5,1A21) or Sideband 4 (1A6,1A22)
Dynamic Phase Control Voltage.

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Sideband Generator Test Point 1/10

TP1 (TP10)
Smooth transition

No noise on the
rounded part (no
spurious
oscillations)

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Sideband Frequency and Phase lock

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Commutator

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Isolators

Isolators are used


to redirect
reflected energy to
a detector circuit
to monitor VSWR
of sideband
antennas

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LECTURE

PHASING CONSIDERATIONS

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Consider the electrical length of each path
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
All the RF PHASER

signals
originate
from this SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER
point.

The CSB signal follows this path

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Sideband 1 follows this path
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

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Sideband 2 follows this path
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

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Sideband 3 follows this path
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

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Sideband 4 follows this path
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

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All five signals must have the same phase in space
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

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Sidebands 1 and 2 are the same frequency
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

Using the PMDT, it is possible to


adjust the phase of Sideband 1 to
make it equal to Sideband 2.

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Sidebands 3 and 4 are the same frequency
SYNTH
POWER LPF, DIR CPLR,
XTAL PLL
AMP RELAY
PLL

PLL
COMMU-
SIDEBAND GENERATOR TATOR
PHASER

SIDEBAND GENERATOR
PHASER

Using the PMDT, it is possible to


adjust the phase of Sideband 3 to
make it equal to Sideband 4.

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It is not possible to equalize the phases of two different frequencies.

But, consider the Carrier and LSB frequencies.

Their mix in space creates a


beat frequency (9960 Hz). This
provides half the modulation.

The phase of the beat frequency


depends on the relative phase
of the two original signals
(Carrier and LSB).

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Now, consider the
Carrier and USB
frequencies.

Their mix in space also creates a beat


frequency (9960 Hz). This provides the
other half of the modulation

The phase of this beat


frequency also depends on the
relative phase of the two original
signals (Carrier and USB).

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If the phase of the two modulations
are the same, then they mix well in
space, causing a maximum effect on
the carrier (maximum 9960 Hz
modulation).

If the phase of the two modulations


are not the same, then they don’t mix
well in space, causing less than
optimum effect on the carrier (low
9960 Hz modulation).

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If the phase of the carrier is adjusted,
it has the opposite effect on the two
beat signals.

Movement of carrier phase


both advances one beat
signal, and retards the
other.

When the 9960 Hz modulation is at its


maximum, the Carrier to Sideband Phase
is at its optimum value.

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LECTURE

RF MONITOR

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Objectives of RF Monitor Lecture

• The Inputs and Outputs of the RF Monitor


• The Test Points of the RF Monitor and their meaning
• Adjustment Points of the RF Monitor

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RF Monitor inputs and outputs

Each output is audio,


Each of these inputs is RF directed to Audio Generator

TX 1 Forward power
Each audio output is
TX 1 Reflected power
also seen on the test
points.

Sideband forward powers SB1 Reflected power


are not detected in the RF SB2 Reflected power
Monitor SB3 Reflected power
SB4 Reflected power

The RF Monitor contains the


Dummy Load for the
Standby Transmitter
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RF Monitor adjustments

Adjustments
Tüm ayarlar ile, harici wattmetrede okunan değerlere
göre PMDT ayarlanır.
All the adjustments are to calibrate the PMDT reading to match an external wattmeter.

TX 1 and 2 Forward and Reflected


Sidebands 1, 2, 3, and 4 Reflected

Note: Sideband forward power PMDT reading is


calibrated using R100 on each Sideband Generator

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LECTURE

MONITORS

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Objectives of Monitors Lecture

• The Inputs and Outputs of the Monitor


• The fundamental principle of how the composite
signals are analyzed

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Monitor Antenna

Dipole antenna located on any radial, at about


300 feet from the center of the counterpoise.

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Detector 1

Test Generator

Detector 2

Standby
Composite

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Monitor CCA Simplified Block Diagram
% Mod 30Hz AM
30Hz Filter Peak Detector

Zero Crossing Square Wave


Detector 30Hz AM freq, Azimuth

% Mod 9960Hz AM
9960 Hz Filter Peak Detector
Field Det 1

Field Det 2 Composite Zero Crossing Square Wave


MUX (TP5) Detector 9960Hz freq
Test Gen

FM Dev. Ratio FM
Peak Detector
Discriminator

Zero Crossing Square Wave


Detector 30Hz FM freq,
Azimuth
DC Level 300 – 3KHz 1020 Notch FL Peak Detector
Detector % Mod Voice
Filter
RF Level % Mod Ident
1020Hz Filter
Freq Ident

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LECTURE

FIELD DETECTOR

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Field Detector Lecture

Detects RF from the field monitor antenna,


converts to audio for analysis by the monitors.

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LECTURE

REMOTE MAINTENANCE
SYSTEM (RMS)

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CPU CCA Lecture

• The main function of the CPU CCA


• The purpose of the Lithium battery

Gathers data for interaction with PMDT and RCSU software.


Communicates with other RMS modules through the backplane.

The EEPROM is actually a battery-operated RAM.


• Retains its memory as long as the battery is good.
• Battery is designed to stay good for 100 years, as long as power
remains constantly on.
• It takes more than a month of no power to drain the battery
• If the CPU CCA is removed from the cabinet, remove the battery
jumper to conserve charge.

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Facilities CCA

• Allows CPU μP to send and receive info to/from


various discrete and analog lines.

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Facilities CCA Inputs and Outputs
1 M48V Sys. A BCPS 48 Vdc 2 S48V Sys. B BCPS 48 Vdc
3 M28V Sys. A BCPS 28 Vdc 4 S28V Sys. B BCPS 28 Vdc
5 M12V Sys. A LVPS 12 Vdc 6 S12V Sys. B LVPS 12 Vdc
7 M5V Sys. A LVPS 5 Vdc 8 S5V Sys. B LVPS 5 Vdc
9 M-12V Sys. A LVPS -12 Vdc 10 S-12V Sys. B LVPS -12 Vdc
11 GENLVL Test Generator Level 12 SPARE1 Spare 1 (future use)
13 MBCRET Sys. A BCPS Return (N/C) 14 BARO RET Barometer Sensor Return
15 SBCRET Sys. B BCPS Return (N/C) 16 WIND RET Wind Sensor Return
17 MTXRET Sys. A Transmitter Return 18 TX OUT (OUT) Antenna Status to RSCU
19 STXRET Sys. B Transmitter Return 20 TACH Tachometer
21 MBCOT Sys. A BCPS Overtemp Sta- 22 MBCUPS Sys. A BCPS UPS Status
tus
23 MBCBL Sys. A BCPS Battery Low 24 MBCPF Sys. A BCPS Power Fail Status
Status
25 SBCOT Sys. B BCPS Overtemp Sta- 26 SBCUPS Sys. B BCPS UPS Status
tus
27 SBCBL Sys. B BCPS Battery Low 28 SBCPF Sys. B BCPS Power Fail Status
Status
29 MALM Monitor 1 Alarm 30 MNORM Monitor 1 Normal
31 MBYP Monitor 1 Bypass 32 SALM Monitor 2 Alarm
33 SNORM Monitor 2 Normal 34 SBYP Monitor 2 Bypass
35 MBCCD Sys. A BCPS Charger Dis- 36 SBCCD Sys. B BCPS Charger Discon-
connect (ON/OFF) nect (ON/OFF)
37 #1 ON Turn-on Sys. A Signal 38 #2 ON Turn-on Sys. B Signal from
from RSCU Control RSCU Control Interface CCA
Interface CCA
39 OFF Turn-off On-Air System 40 TX IND (IN) On-Air Transmitter Indicator
Signal from RSCU Control Status from Relay 1K1
Interface CCA
41 SPARE 8 Spare 8 (future use) 42 Spare 7 Spare 7 (future use)
43 TRANSFER Transfer Status to RSCU 44 SPARE2 Spare 2 (future use)
Control Interface CCA
45 SPARE3 Spare 3 (future use) 46 SPARE4 Spare 4 (future use)
47 SPARE 5 Spare 5 (future use) 48 TIME INTER- INTO Signal from CPU CCA
VAL
49 SPARE 6 Spare 6 (future use) 50 FAN2 (Disabled)

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Serial Interface CCA

Summary – Allows CPU μP to communicate with


devices that require serial communication.
•Audio Generator(s)
•Monitors
•DME(s)
•PMDT
•External Modem (if used, not required)

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Test Generator CCA

Provides a composite audio signal to apply to the


monitors for testing/certification.

It takes several minutes for a signal to form once


it is configured.

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Modem CCA

Two modems on this module:


1. Dedicated line for RCSU
2. Dialup modem for remote PMDT connection

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Optional RSCU Interface

Allows interface between VOR and obsolete 1138


RSCU.

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Low Voltage Power Supplies

1A15 supplies
Transmitter 1

1A16 supplies
1A14 supplies Transmitter 2
the RMS

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Commutator CCAs

SB1 SB2

1 2
3 47 4 48
5 45 6 46
7 43 8 44
9 41 10 42
39 40
11 37 12 38
13 35 14 36
15 33 16 34
17 31 18 32
19 29 20 30
21 22
23 27 24 28
25 26

SB3 SB4

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Procedures not covered during labs
•6.4.3 Cabinet Backplane Connector Adjustment. Use if a
replacement module in the RMS does not quite fit into the slot.
•6.4.4 Replacing CPU (1A13) CCA. Use this procedure when
replacing a CPU CCA. It outlines the procedures for loading the
alignment and configuration data into the new CPU.
•6.4.5 Update of DVOR Software. This should not be attempted
except at the instruction of the factory. New software may not be
compatible with old hardware.
•6.4.8 Changing the CPU CCA (1A13) Lithium Battery. If the battery
fails during Annual Preventive Maintenance (or at any other time),
follow this procedure to replace it. This will keep the data intact.
•9.7.1 Strapping Battery Charger Power Subsystem (BCPS) for 240
VAC. Use this procedure any time the BCPS is replaced.
•9.7.4 Checking the Battery Charger Power Subsystem for 43 or 48
Volts. Use this procedure any time the Main Voltage needs to be
checked. Especially check it after the BCPS is replaced, or after a
commercial power surge.

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LECTURE

FLIGHT CHECK

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Objectives of Flight Check Lecture

• How to provide ground support for a flight check

What to expect:
Prior to arrival, set the DVOR (and associated DME)
with antenna to transmitter 1.

On arrival, a flight crew normally begins a


commissioning FC with an orbit. After the orbit, you
can expect to hear the following results.

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Preparation for Flight Check
• Calibrate Transmitters 1 and 2 to produce the value of CSB
defined on the Nominal screen, measured with external
wattmeter
• Calibrate the Sideband Generators so that all eight sidebands
have the same power output, measured with external wattmeter
• Calibrate the PMDT wattmeter readings
• Perform all phasing adjustments (SB1-SB2, SB3-SB4, CSB to
Sideband)
• Perform the full checkout procedure, paragraph 6.2 of the
manual
• Adjust the transmitter values to produce ideal monitor values
on the PMDT

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Transmitters, Configuration, Nominal

For one, the flight crew will


announce the Station Error, or
Offset.

Adjust for Station Error by putting the


number given by the Flight Check
crew in the Azimuth Index field.

If using that number increases the error,


then change the sign of the index.

You will also be The maximum spread during Flight


told the Spread. Check is 4 degrees. There is no
corrective action to reduce spread
which can be performed during the
flight check. All the causes are due to
siting.

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Transmitters, Configuration, Nominal

You will be told


the percent
modulation of
the 9960 Hz
signal. Adjust the 9960 Hz percent
modulation by increasing or
decreasing the SBO RF level.

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Transmitters, Configuration, Offsets and Scale Factors

You will be told


the percent
modulation of Adjust the 30 Hz percent modulation
the 30 Hz by increasing or decreasing the
signal. Scale factor for Transmitter 1.

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Once the flight crew has completed a test
Transmitters, Configuration, Nominal with Transmitter 1 on antenna, they will ask
you to transfer the antenna to Transmitter 2.
You will transfer back and forth several times
during the Flight Check.

DO NOT adjust any


Nominal values when
Transmitter 2 is on the
antenna.

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Transmitters, Configuration, Nominal

If the pre-flight inspection


alignment was performed
well, then there should be
no need to adjust
Transmitter 2.

However, if an adjustment is
needed, make all adjustments for
Transmitter 2 on Transmitters,
Configuration, Offsets and Scale
Factors screen.

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Once the flight check is complete, and has passed, DO NOT ADJUST ANY MORE
TRANSMITTER PARAMETERS. However, it is necessary to adjust the monitor
parameters on the Field Detector column.
Azimuth Angle Offset to
correct Azimuth Angle.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 124 Rev -, December 28, 2007
Monitors, Configuration, Offsets and Scale Factors
30 Hz Modulation to
correct 30 Hz Modulation

9960 Hz Modulation to
correct 9960 Hz Modulation

Once the Flight Check has passed, and the monitors are reading ideal
values, then maintenance is complete.
Put the controls in normal, clean up, lock up, and have some Scooby
snacks.

End of Slide Presentation.

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purpose nor used for manufacturing purposes without written permission from SELEX Sistemi Integrati Inc 125 Rev -, December 28, 2007