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UV LIGHT

BY: JUSTINE ANDERSON


WHAT ARE UV RAYS AND
WHY SHOULD YOU CARE?
• UV rays are a part of the electromagnetic
spectrum
• Also included in this spectrum is radio,
microwaves, infrared, visible light, x-rays,
and gamma rays
• Wavelength and frequency are inversely
related. As one increases the other
decreases.
ALL ABOUT
WAVELENGTHS AND
FREQUENCIES
• The UV spectrum emits light at
different wavelengths
• UV-C 100-280 nanometers
• UV-B 280-320 nanometers
• UV-A 320-400 nanometers
• The lower the wavelength is, the
higher the energy of radiation will be
• When the energy that UV rays carry
become ionized, it can significantly
damage DNA
OZONE

• In the stratosphere, UV light collides


with oxygen gas
• Oxygen gas breaks into two oxygen
atoms
• The two oxygen atoms collide with
other oxygen molecules forming an
ozone molecule (made up of 3 oxygen
atoms)
• Most of the UV-C and UV-B rays are
absorbed during this process
LOCATION ON
EARTH

• At higher elevations, UV rays come


into contact with dust and particles
which scatter the rays
• The higher in elevation you are, the
closer you are to the more harmful
UV-B rays, causing you to burn at a
quicker rate
STERIPEN

• Steripen emits UV light and transmits it into the


water
• When the UV rays reach DNA, the DNA absorbs it
and the shape of the molecule becomes altered
• Protein-building enzymes being unable to “read”
the DNA
SPF MISCONCEPTIONS
• SPF is a measurement of how long you can stay in the Sun
• SPF is only a measure of how well it protects against UV-B rays
(these are the rays that cause sunburn!)
• The FDA however requires that sunscreens protect against UV-A
rays (the ones that cause skin to wrinkle) as well before being sold
to consumers
• Look for a sunscreen that says “broad spectrum” as that means it
protects against both types of UV rays
• The higher the SPF the better- “While an SPF of 2 will absorb 50% of
ultraviolet radiation, an SPF of 15 absorbs 93%, and an SPF of 34
absorbs 97%” (melanomafoundation.org)
• It is recommended to apply about 1 oz of sunscreen to the body 15-
30 minutes before exposure to the sun for the best results
EXPERIMENT TIME

• Research Question- How do


the different SPFs in
sunscreen affect the amount
of UV radiation that reaches
your skin?
• I hope to find that the higher
the SPF, the better the
protection will be
No SPF
FINDINGS
I multiplied the time it
11 SPF Measurements
took to reach the highest
UV without sunscreen by
each of the different SPFs 9
to see how long it might
take to reach the same
level of UV 7
(20sec)(30spf)= 600
seconds or 10 minutes 6 6 6 6
(20sec)(50spf)= 1000 5
seconds or 16.6 minutes
(20sec)(70spf)= 1400 4 4 4 4
3
seconds or 23.3 minutes
0 SPF: After 20 seconds it measured 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
High UV 1
SPF 30: After 20 seconds it measured
Moderate, after 10 minutes measured
Moderate SPF 0 SPF 30 SPF 50 SPF 70
-1
SPF 50: After 20 seconds it measured
Low, after 16 minutes it measured Low 20 sec 10 min 16 min 23 min
SPF 70: After 20 seconds it measured
Low, after 23 minutes it measured Low
SOURCES
• https://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/stratosphere/uv_index/uv_clouds.shtml
• https://www.newswise.com/articles/altitude-increases-sunburn-risk
• http://www.theozonehole.com/uvrays.htm
• https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/radiation-exposure/uv-radiation/uv-radiation-what-is-uv.html
• https://www.windows2universe.org/?page=/earth/Atmosphere/layers_activity_print.html
• https://www.skincancer.org/prevention/seal-of-recommendation/testing
• https://sciencing.com/percent-uv-ozone-absorb-20509.html
• https://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-uv-spectrum.htm#didyouknowout
• https://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-uv-spectrum.htm
• https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/UVB
• https://www.myamf.org/prevention/facts.htm
• https://www.edocamerica.com/health-tips/sunscreen-misconceptions/