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Question 1

two elements is the universe made


primarily of?

Hydrogen and Helium


Question 2

Correct order of the planets in the


Solar System, starting closest to the
Sun

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,


Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto
Question 3

the building block of galaxy

stars
Question 4

. Igneous rock that slowly cooled deep


below Earth’s crust

Plutonic
Question 5

Foliation is found in

Metamorphic rock
Question 6

Very dark colored; composed mainly of


olivine and pyroxine

ultramafic
Question 7

Magma that cools above the earth’s


surface

Extrusive igneous rock


Question 8

plutonic

intrusive
Question 9

extrusive

Volcanic igneous rock


Question 10

The property of minerals that describe


the overall shape of the crystals

Crystal habit
Question 11

. As an interstellar cloud collapses to


become a star, its central region
eventually becomes opaque. Why is this a
significant development in the formation
of the star?

magnetic pressure now prevents


further collapse
Question 12

In a mineral the constituent atoms


are bonded in a regular, repetitive,
internal structure; a rock is a lithified
or consolidated aggregate of different
mineral grains.

Minerals and rocks


Question 13

The most widely accepted model in the


field of cosmogony to explain the
formation and
evolution of the Solar System.

nebular hypothesis
Question 14

. As the rate of cooling increases, the


size of the crystals that form

decreases
Question 15

The discovery that the universe


appears to be expanding led to a
widely accepted theory called

Big Bang
Question 16

The common rock produced by the


metamorphism of limestone is

marble
Question 17

. Which mass wasting process has the


slowest rate of movement?

creep
Question 18

The sum total of all life on Earth.

atmosphere
Question 19

The only organisms that can convert


nitrogen in the atmosphere into a form
useful to living things are
nitrogen-fixing__.

bacteria
Question 20

. The asthenosphere is located at __

Upper mantle
Question 21

ordinary” matter consisting of protons,


electrons, and
neutrons: atoms, planets, stars,
galaxies, nebulae, and other bodies.

Bryonic matter
Question 22

Mineral resistance to scratch

hardness
Question 23

main driving force of endogenic


processes

heat
Question 24

arrange the events or rocks in their


chronological sequence without
knowing
their actual age

Relative dating
Question 25

zone of life

biosphere