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Dye classification
Dyeing processes

Daniel 2004

 
   
  



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Classification of Dyes
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Dye for Cellulosic Fibres:


& Direct Dyes
& Azoic Dyes
& Reactive Dyes
& Sulphur dyes
& Vat Dyes
 
   
  



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Classification of dyes
Dye Main
General description
Class application

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& Direct dyes for Cotton, Viscose, Silk & Nylon
& Easy to dye - require only cooking salt & very
hot to boiling water.
& Dyes have a good light fastness but only
moderate wash fastness .
& It is possible to improve on wash fastness by
after-treatment of dyed article with dye-fixing
agent.
& These dyes are principally used for ³not so
expansive´ products or product with fewer
washes such as T-shirts, curtains & theatre
productions.
 
   
  



|  1

DIRECT DYES

Yellow Pink Brown Turquoise

Orange Red Violet Black

Forrest
Fushia Grey Green
Green

Scarlet Blue Wine China Blue


 
   
  



|  2
Classification of dyes
Main
Dye Class General description
application
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Classification of dyes
Dye Main
General description
Class application
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VAT DYES
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VAT DYES
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insoluble in water  become water soluble
when reduced
      alkali
& After dyeing  

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|  1

VAT DYES
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VAT DYES - ?)0D


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|  4

VAT DYES
& When the ultimate in wash & boil fastness
is required.
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YELLOW GREEN
ORANGE OLIVE B
RED BROWN
BLUE NAVY
VIOLET BLACK
 
   
  



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Classification of dyes
Dye Main
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Classification of dyes
Dye
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|  Yellow 2GL %

Golden Yellow 2RL


REACTIVE DYES Orange 2R
Scarlet
& Cold water fibre Red BG (primary)
reactive dyes, suitable Red 4B (bluish red)
for dyeing on cotton, Red 8B (magenta)
silk, jute, rayon & Rubinole 5B
hessian. Brilliant Blue 2R
Brilliant Blue BL
& Cannot be used on
Violet 2R
synthetics or fabric
Turquoise 2G
that has been coated Navy GRL
with resin or drip-dry Brown 2R
finish. Brilliant Green BL
Black B
 
   
  


 (blue base)
Black 2B (green base)
|  %

Dye for Protein Fibres:


& Acid Dyes
& Metal-
complex Dyes
& Chrome Dyes

 
   
  



|  %|

Classification of dyes
Dye General Main
Class description application
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|  %%

ACID DYES
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a. Level dyeing acid dyes
b. Acid milling dyes
c. Pre-metalized dyes
 
   
  



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ACID DYES
a. Level dyeing acid dyes:
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ACID DYES
b. Acid milling dyes:
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ACID DYES
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ACID DYES - ?)0D


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ACID DYES for Wool, Nylon & Silk

& Selection of milling & pre-metallised


dyes. Dyeing at boil with addition of
Acetic Acid. Bright strong colours.
Mixes of primary colours (*) produce
large range of tertiary colours. Dyes
have very high light & wash fastness.

 
   
  



|  %4

Classification of dyes

Dye Main
General description
Class application
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Classification of dyes
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Dye Class
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Dye for Other Fibres:


& Disperse
Dyes for
Polyester,
Acetate
& Cationic Dyes
for Acrylic
 
   
  



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Classification of dyes
Dye Main
General description
Class application

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Classification of dyes

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 crystal violet     
& ³Basic dyes´    
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& Cationic dyes for dyeing acrylic (Acrilan, Courtelle, Orlon)
paper, wood & dried flowers.
Also used for dyeing silk & silk flowers in very brilliant
colours.

YELLOW BLUE
ORANGE TURQUOISE
RED VIOLET
PINK GREEN
RHODAMINE BLACK
 
   
  



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ye classes¶ colou fastness (4

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Application of
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