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Parts and Functions of

Musculo-skeletal System
Have you observed how
houses are built?
What will the construction
worker do first?
How will you compare that to
the human body?
Is there a framework that
provides structure to the human
What do you call this framework?
Activity # 1
Connect the cut out pictures of
the human skeletal system
Skeleton Dance
Label the parts ( Group Work )
Label the parts ( Group Work )


Shoulder Joint
Clavicle/ collar bone

Rib Cagel
Humerus/upper arm bone
Metacarpals/ Hand

Femur/Upper Leg Bone

Patella/Knee cap



Metatarsals/ Foot Bones

What is
of the
The skeletal system is made up of
many bones, 206 to be exact. Bones
help to shape your body and protect
your organs, such as your heart, brain,
and lungs, from damage. If you didn't
have bones in your body, you would
look like a bowl full of Jello, because
there would be nothing holding you
up.The framework of your body is
made up of rigid and strong materials
called bones.
Activity #1:
Examining Bone
Locate the part of the
your framework as I say
its name.
What are the two division of the
skeletal system?
What is the difference between
compact bone & spongy bone?
Why is bone marrow important?
Activity #2:
Observing Movements of Joints
What are the different kinds of
Safety Tips:
1. Be careful in moving your body parts,
especially your neck and backbone.
2. Do not allow other persons to pull or twist
your arm.
Mix and Match!
Parts and functions of
Skeletal System (group work)
Your group will be provided
with parts(green) and
function (yellow) written in
Why should bones be
Bones support our
body and allow us
How will you take care
of your bones?
1.Eat calcium-rich foods
2. prevent from falls and other
accidents that could injure the
bones especially when playing.
4.Get vitamin D through sunlight,
Your body produces vitamin D naturally when
it’s directly exposed to sunlight. Besides getting
vitamin D through sunlight, you can also get it
through certain foods and supplements to ensure
adequate levels of the vitamin in your blood.
Vitamin D has several important functions.
Perhaps the most vital are regulating the
absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and
facilitating normal immune system function.
Getting a sufficient amount of vitamin D is
important for normal growth and development of
bones and teeth, as well as improved resistance
against certain diseases.
Bones are alive. They
are made of living cells
capable of growing
and repairing
Our bones are in fact alive! Our bones are made up of hard
stuff that gives them the strength they need, and many
living cells. These cells are what help our bones to grow
and repair themselves if damaged. The cells in our bones
rely on blood to keep them alive, just as many other cells in
our body do. Did you know that our blood is what brings
food and oxygen to our bone cells and takes away the
things that our bone cells don't need? If our bones were
not alive, a broken bone would stay broken for the rest of
our life, because there would be nothing alive to fix it.
Luckily our bones are very alive and have the ability to
repair breaks and fractures in no time! When we break a
bone, our blood clots in the break to form a bridge, or to
close up the break.
What are the ideas did you learn in
the lesson?

What are the parts and functions of

the skeletal system?
Describe the potential consequences
if all bone tissues in humans were
made of spongy bones & no compact
Matching type: Match the parts of the skeletal system
in column A with the functions in column B.
Column A Column B
1. Skull a. the inner layer of the bone that
2. Spinal column contains yellowish substance
3. Bones which manufactures blood cells
4. Hinge joint in the body.
5. Ball and socket b. protects the spinal cord
c. a rigid case that protects the
d. allows movement in all
e. allows movement in one
direction only
How will you take
care of your bones?