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- Is the most important program that runs on a

computer. Without this, a computer cannot run other


programs.
- It is needed so that the data-processing cycle can take
place.
- Performs a very big responsibility in the computer
system.
- It is the one that does all the basic tasks in a
computer:
a. It reads data entered through the keyboard;
b. sends output to the display screen;
c. and, records files and other data on disks.
- Also controls output and storage devices.
- Is an example of an OS program. It displays a
graphical screen.
- Is a computer program that makes the computer
work properly.
- The mouse allows you to use Windows easily.
Use the five mouse actions when using
Windows.
1. Type letters
2. Draw pictures
3. Play games
4. Open programs available in the computer
5. Print your work in the computer
Starting Windows is easy.
First, switch on the computer and wait until you see the
Windows XP logo.

Windows XP is the largest version of the Windows programs.


The Windows XP logo is the first thing that you will see when
you start Windows. XP stands for eXPerience.
Parts of the Windows XP environment:
1. Start Button – to start a programs
2. Desktop – this is the work area of Windows. It is where you
can find small pictures called ‘icons.”
3. Icons – these are the small pictures on the desktop. These
icons stand for programs in the computer. You can open a
program by double-clicking on its icon.
4. Taskbar – this is the rectangular bar at the bottom of the
desktop. You can find the START BUTTON and some other
program icons in the taskbar.
COMMON ICONS THAT YOU SEE ON THE DESKTOP:
1. Recycle Bin icon works like a trash can for erased files. All
erase files are temporarily kept here. You can permanently
erase the contents of the recycle bin, or you can restore any
file that you have erased.
2. My Computer icon, when click, shows all disk drives available
on the computer. Also shows main folders in the computer.
3. My Documents icon displays the list of documents stored in
this computer folder.
13 options to choose from in the Windows XP Start Menu:
1. My Documents icon displays the list of documents stored in
this computer folder.
2. My Recent Documents, this options allows you to open the
documents that you have just used or created.
3. My Pictures allows you to store pictures, photos, and graphics.
4. My Music is a folder option where you can store music and
other audio files
5. My Computer, this option provides you access to and
information about folders and files on other computers. This
can only be done when more than one computer units are
connected to a common server.
6. My Network Places , this option provides you access to and
information about folders and files on the other computers.
This can only be done when more than one computer units
are connected to a common server.
Cont. COMMON ICONS THAT YOU SEE ON THE DESKTOP:
7. Control Panel, allow you to change the appearance of the
screen display of the computer. Also allows you to add or remove
software or programs to and from the computer system.
8. Printers and Faxes, shows the installed printers and fax
machines. It helps you to add or connect new ones to the
computer.
9. Help and Support, provides information that can help you in
Windows XP operations.
10. Search – this opens a windows where you type the programs or
files you want to search for. This helps you trace programs or files
that you cannot find.
11. Run – this helps you to open programs, folders, and other
documents.
12. Log off – this options provides you choices for closing
programs, logging off, or leaving your programs running while
switching to another user.
13. Turn Off Computer – this provides choices for turning off,
restarting the computer, or, for setting the Standby mode.
HOW TO OPEN PROGRAMS IN WINDOWS XP

Programs are a list of commands that tell the computer


what to do. Opening programs in Windows XP is easy as
starting Windows, just follow the steps.
1. Click on the START Button
when you click the Start button, a menu will
appear. This menu is called the Start Menu. It allows
user to quickly start an application, search for a file,
look for help, and shut down or restart the computer.

A menu is a list of command or options from which you


can choose.
there are different programs available in the Start
Menu. You can start using one by placing your mouse
pointer over the program you want to run or open.
If you notice, some of the items available in the Start Menu
have this symbol:
- it is called an arrowhead, if you see
this symbol beside an item, it means that there is another
list of menu choices for the item.

Other items have this: …


it is called ellipsis. It means that when
you click that item, a dialog box will appear. Example
is the RUN item in Start Menu.
THE PROGRAM WINDOW

A Window is an enclosed, rectangular area on the display


screen. This appears when you open and run a program
or application.
You can “minimize” or “maximize” a window.

Minimize – means making a window smaller, you


cannot view the whole window area, but the program
is still running. When you need to work on the
program again, you need to…
Maximize the window – this enlarges the window so
that you can see the whole working area.
MICROSOFT WINDOW
The basics of the MicrosoftWord window

Title bar
This displays the document name, followed by a program name.

Menu bar
This contains a list of options to manage and customize documents.

Standard toolbar
This contains shortcut buttons for the most popular commands.

Formatting toolbar
This contains buttons that are used for formatting.

Ruler
This is used to set margins, indents, and tabs.
Cont. The basics of the MicrosoftWord window

Insertion point
This is the location where the next character appears.

End-of-document marker
This indicates the end of the document.

Help
This provides quick access to Help topics.

Scroll bars
These are used to view parts of the document.

Status bar
This displays the position of the insertion point and working mode buttons.

Task pane
This provides easy access to commonly used menus, buttons, and tools.
Cont. The basics of the MicrosoftWord window
View buttons
This changes the layout view of the document to Normal view, Web Layout view,
Reading Layout view, Print Layout view, Outline view, and Full Screen view.

Office Assistant
This links to the Microsoft Office Help feature.

Change in view
In an effort to provide various ways in which to view your work in progress and
remain organized, Word 2003 offers six different views for your document. The
six views are Normal view, Web Layout view, Reading

Layout view, Print Layout view, Outline view, and Full Screen view.

Normal view is best used for typing, editing, formatting, and proofreading. It
provides a maximum amount of space without rulers or page numbers cluttering
your view.

Web Layout view shows you what your text will look like on a webpage.
Cont. The basics of the MicrosoftWord window

Reading Layout view is best for documents you do not need to edit. The goal of
this view is to increase legibility so users can read documents easily.

Print Layout view shows you what your document will look like when it is
printed. Under Print Layout view, you can see all elements of the page. Print
Preview shows you this as well.

Outline view is used to create and edit outlines. Outline view only shows the
headings in a document. This view is particularly handy when making notes.
Full Screen view displays ONLY the document you are working on. All other
pieces of the Word window are removed except for one button, which allows you
to Close View Screen.

Changing your document view


Click View on the menu bar.
Select the view of your choice.