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ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS

Ray diagram analysis

V. Pujitha
1501022
Sem vi, 3A
S.No. Sound Path Time Delay Gap Listening Condition
Difference (ft) (ms)

1. <23 <20 Excellent for speech and music

2. 23 to 34 20 to 30 Good for speech, Fair for Music

3. 34 to 50 30 to 45 Marginal (blurred)

4. 50 to 68 45 to 60 Unsatisfactory

5. >68 > 60 Poor, echo if strong

Where path difference is the difference in length of direct path and reflected path
from the source to the listener.

Path Difference = Reflected Path – Direct Path


la

For an echo to be heard, there should be a proper reflection of sound with


sufficient strength.
Example:

Location 1 - Path Difference : (11 + 18la– 12) ‘ = 17’ < 23’


Location 2 – Path difference : (16 + 26 – 33) ’ = 9’ < 23’
Aim:
To identify the sound quality at 10 different locations in a rectangular auditorium seating
1000 people.

Seating widths – 1m,


1.5m(at intervals)
Aisles – 1m,
0.5m(at intervals)

 A multiple aisle arrangement will have maximum 14 to 16 chairs per row with aisle way
access at both ends.

 If there is a single aisle access, the number of chairs are limited to 7 or 8 per row.

 Average area per person - 0.7sqm.


1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

A A

1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

Layout la
1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

A A

1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

Direct path travelled by sound from the Source to Receiver.


1M 1.5 1.5 1M
M M

A A

1M 1.5 1.5 1M
M M

Locating reflecting points on the wall for each receiver.


1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

A A

1M 1.5M 1.5M 1M

Reflected path for each receiver.


S.No Before After Total Total Path Path Sound Time Listening
` reflection reflection length of length of difference difference path delay condition
reflected directed (m) (ft) difference gap
path path (ms)
R-1 1.235 23 24.23 22.72 1.51 5.24 <23 `<20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-2 7.01 24.66 31.67 25.02 6.65 21.81 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-3 14.10 21.64 35.74 20.40 15.34 50.32 50-68 45-60 Unsatisfactory

R-4 21.24 23.34 44.58 27.97 16.61 54.49 50-68 45-60 Unsatisfactory

R-5 21.55 18.83 40.38 23.64 16.74 54.92 50-68 45-60 Unsatisfactory

R-6 27.13 20.70 47.83 11.24 36.59 120.04 >68 >60 Poor , echo is
strong

R-7 26.23 19.06 45.29 15.57 29.72 97.50 >68 >60 Poor , echo is
strong

R-8 23.58 19.52 52.67 33.26 19.41 63.68 50-68 45-60 Unsatisfactory

R-9 35.38 18.58 53.96 23.24 30.72 100.78 >68 >60 Poor , echo is
strong

R-10 40.61 20.43 61.04 13.60 47.44 155.64 >68 >60 Poor , echo is
strong

R=Receiver LISTENING CONDITIONS FOR 10 LOCATIONS


0 .1 5 0 0

STAGE+ 0.6M GL

0 .1 5 0 0

STAGE+ 0.6M GL

Section
Direct path travelled by sound from the Source to Receiver.

10 9 8
7
6 5 0 .1 5 0 0

4 3 STAGE+ 0.6M GL
2 1

Locating reflecting points on the ceiling for each receiver.

10 9 8
7
6 5
0 .1 5 0 0

GL
4 3 STAGE+ 0.6M

2 1

Reflected path for each receiver.

10 9 8
7
6 5 0 .1 5 0 0

4 3 STAGE+ 0.6M GL
2 1
S.No Before After Total Total Path Path Sound Time Listening
reflection reflection length of length of difference difference path delay condition
reflected directed (m) (ft) difference gap
path path (ms)
R-1 7.67 8.11 15.78 12.30 3.48 11.41 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-2 8.18 8.31 16.49 13.29 3.20 10.49 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-3 9.27 8.70 17.97 15.26 2.71 8.89 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-4 10.10 9.09 19.19 16.67 2.52 8.26 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-5 11.35 9.47 20.82 18.75 2.07 6.79 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-6 12.72 9.813 22.53 20.75 1.78 5.83 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-7 14.46 10.28 24.74 23.25 1.49 4.88 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-8 16.05 10.49 26.54 25.26 1.28 4.19 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-9 17.75 10.61 28.36 27.28 1.08 3.54 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R-10 18.64 10.64 29.28 28.27 1.01 3.31 <23 <20 Excellent for
speech and music

R=Receiver LISTENING CONDITIONS FOR 10 LOCATIONS