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Pole Foundation:-

Foundation:

Foundation is required to support structure for


transmission tower, lighting poles, and
transformer erection etc in the field of
electrical engineering.
For foundation of single wooden, concrete or
steel pole, the pit is excavated to a required
depth. Precast concrete poles or steel poles
are inserted in the pit.

Concrete mixture is poured layer by layer


and is rammed every time. Mixture ratio is
normally 1:2:4 of cement: san: stone.
Depth for foundation is generally 1/6 Th
of the length of pole.

Typical depth of foundation pits are as


follows:

Pole size (meter): 9 10 12 15 18

Depth of foundation: 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8 2


Location of poles:

Poles are located at least


1.5meter away from fire hydrant,
underground cable trench, and
5meter away from road boarder
and railway
Height of the pole in distribution system-

10M, 12M, 14M

Span of the pole:


Residential area: 30 to 50m
Rural areas : 50 to 60m
Foundation for 9 meter street pole :-

a) Lean concrete ratio-1:3:6 (cement: sand: stone)

Volume: 0.7X 0.7X0.15 = 0.0735M3

Cement required per M3= 220kg

Cement for above volume= 16.17 kg


b) Pedestal PCC at ratio 1:2:4
Outer dia =0.540M
Inner dia= 0.15M
Height = 1.5M
Volume = π/4 x (D2-d2) x H
= π/4 x (0.542-0.142) x 1.5
= 0.321M3
Cement required for ratio 1:2:4 @ =320kg per M3
For 0.321 M3 volume cement required = 320 x 0.312
= 102.72kg
c) Copping ratio 1:2:4

Outer dia =0.30M


Inner dia= 0.14M
Height = 0.3M
Volume = 0.021M3- 0.004M3)
= 0.017M3

Total cement consumption per pole =a+b+c


= 16.17 +102.72+ 5.44 = 124.33kg
Earth pit chamber:
Plaster 1:4 cement =5.47kg/M3
Brick masonry 2x0.6x0.45x0.115=0.062M3
2x0.3x0.45x0.115=0.031M3
-------------
0.093M3

Cement consumption: 0.093x95=8.835kgs


Plaster 4x0.3x0.45 = 0.54M3
4x0.6x0.1 = 0.24M3
2x0.3x0.15 = 0.09M3
------------
1.05x5.47 = 5.749kg
Total cement consumption
For one earth pit chamber = 14.58kg
FOUNDATION OF FEEDER PILLAR & TELEPHONE DB
1. Lean concrete: 1:3:6
Cement 0.11x 220kg/M3
2. Brick work = 2x1.0x0.5x0.075= 0.075M3
2x0.5 x0.35x0.6= 0.21M3
0.9 x0.5x0.3 = 0.135
-------------------------------------------------
Total =0.42M3

Cement = 0.42x95kg/M3 (1:4 mortar)


=39.9 kg
3. Plaster 12 mm thick
0.9 x0.3x2 = 0.54M2
Total = 0.84M2
Cement: =0.84x547kg/100M2
=4.6kg
4. Neat coat =1.7kg@1.9kg/M2 for area of 0.84M2
Foundation of post top fixture
a) Lean concrete ratio-1:3:6 (cement: sand: stone)
Volume: 0.7X 0.7X0.15 = 0.0735M3
Cement required per M3= 220kg
Cement for above volume= 16.17 kg

b) Pedestal PCC at ratio 1:2:4


0.5x0.5x0.1 = 0.25M3x320 =80kg
Height = 1.5M
Cement required for ratio 1:2:4 @ =320kg per M3

c) Copping ratio 1:2:4


0.3x0.3x0.045x320=14.40kg

Total cement consumption per pole


=a+b+c = 16.17 +80+ 14.4 = 110.57kg