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A PRESENTATION ON

‘NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS OF ARCH BRIDGE


SUBJECTED TO GROUND MOTION
’’
AIM AND OBJECTIVE
AIM:
TO CARRY NON LINEAR ANALYSIS OF ARCH BRIDGE SUBJECTED TO GROUND MOTION

OBJECTIVE:
1. To study effect of curvature on the structural response of bridge
2. To study non-linear analysis of arch bridge
3. To compare effect span of bridge and its radius of curvature subjected to specified
ground motion
4. To check response of prototype model on shake table and validate its results with
software
METHODOLOGY
CASE STUDY

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


RUDRAMATA BRIDGE
The Rudramata Bridge, built in 1966, is located on State Highway 45, 16 km north of Bhuj. The
bridge is 7.3 m wide and is composed of 10 simple spans of 16.8 m each, with expansion joint at
the piers. The superstructure consists of two precast/prestressed girders with cast-in-place
concrete deck and diaphragms. Elastomeric bearings support the prestressed girders at both
abutments and at intermediate piers. There were no longitudinal restrainers or transverse stops
to control the superstructure movement on the piers.

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


ACTUAL SITE PHOTO

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018
DAMAGED DUE TO EARTHQUAKE
Flexural cracks in the columns and shear cracks in the beam-to-column joints occurred at the RC
frame member junctions in the A-frame Pier No.2 of the Rudramata Bridge. The girders are
deeper than columns, and use of flared beam-ends are noticeable. Spalling of cover concrete
and corrosion of reinforcement bars is also evident at these locations

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


Collapse of the north end approach earthwork
and of the parapet walls at Rudramata Bridge.

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


Sl.No Description
1 Span of Bridge 168m
2 Width of Bridge 7.3m
3 Radius of curvature 8m
4 Lanes 2 Lanes
5 Number of Main Girders 10 girders of 16.8m
6 Total depth 2.495 m
7 Slab thickness (average) 0.26m
8 Type of Loading IRC class AA

9 Loads DL+LL+IL+EQ

10 Compressive Strength of Concrete (fck) (M30) 30000 KN/m²

Modulus of Elasticity E=5000√fck


27386128 KN/m²
E=5000√30 = 30000 N/mm²
INPUT DATA IN SOFTWARE
Input Data for Analysis

Sl. No Particulars
1) Density of Reinforced Concrete 25 KN/m³
2) Grade of Concrete M-30
3) Type of live load IRC Class AA

0.173
4)
5) Importance Factor (I) 1.2
6) Response Reduction Factor (R) 3.0
7) Poisson’s Ratio of Concrete 0.18
8) Seismic Zone Zone IV
9) Seismic Zone Factor 0.25
10) Soil Type Type II
TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018
LOADS CONSIDERED
Dead load
Live load
Impact load
Seismic load
TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS-BHUJ
EQUIVALENT ARCH BRIDGE IN STAAD
PRO

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


CLASS AA LOADING

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


BHUJ DATA

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


RESULTS OBTAINED SO FAR

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


NATURAL FREQUENCY
60

50

40
NATURAL FREQUENCY

30
NATURAL FREQUENCY ARCH BRIDGE
NATURAL FREQUENCY ACTUAL BRIDGE

20

10

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
MODE SHAPE NO.

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


TIME PERIOD

0.6

0.5

0.4
TIME PERIOD
TIME PERIOD ARCH BRIDGE
0.3 TIME PERIOD ACTUAL BRIDGE

0.2

0.1

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
MODE SHAPE NO.

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


ARCH BRIDGE 84m

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


ARCH BRIDGE 168m

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


STRAIGHT BRIDGE 84m

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


STRAIGHT BRIDGE 168m

TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018


TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018
TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018
TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE - M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018
TRINITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH PUNE -
M.E. STRUCTURE:2017/2018