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Presented By:

1)Tahmid Mahbub
ID: 170021040
2)Seemab Al Mujaddeed
ID: 170021041
3)Shah Md. Sagar Chowdhury
ID: 170021045
4)Ishmum Monjur
ID: 170021071
5)Md. Monzurul Haque Ratul
ID: 170021081
References/Sources from where the
informations are taken
1)1001 inventions-muslims heritage in our world
By salim t s al-hassani
2) List of inventions in the medieval islmaic world-
en.wikipedia.org
3)Muslim contribution to science and technology-
orcleopinions.com
4)Internet slides,pdf and other sources
The history of Islamic involvement in science , technology, and
entrepreneurship is a remarkable saga of new sightings in pure and
applied science; in which technological advancement and
entrepreneurship that establish the spirited and essential base of modern
science, technology and business arrangements. The story of the Muslim
sciences takes the form of captivation of knowledge from different
civilizations, accumulating their original and significant contributions, and
increasing knowledge across countries and regions through trade, cultural
interactions, and education. This story is also of the saga of decline and
evisceration of the Islamic population at the beginning in the early 17th
century.
The development phases of European
civilization in the field of technology
The development phases are divided into the following stages given as below:
 Greek period
 Roman period
 Early Middle Ages
 High Middle Ages
 Renaissance
 Industrial Revolution and Twentieth century
During the early and later middle ages in the history, Muslims have made a very
significant contributions in technology by developing the scientific fields like
Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Astrology, Engineering, Astronomy, Classical
Physics and many more.
• The sectors in where the Muslim nation has changed the whole world with their
inventions in the field of technology are as follows:
 Household activities
 Games and Sports
 Education
 Scientific Research
 Experimentation
 Medicine etc.
The description of the inventions made by various Muslims, specially
different Muslims scientists , scholars and others are given on the next
slide
About eight hundred years ago from now on, Al-Jazari
built this elaborate clock in order to celebrate the diversity
of mankind and the Universal nature of Islam. At this
time, mainly Muslim world spread from Spain to Central
Asia. So, in order to reflect this scope, Al-Jazari used the
principle of Archimedes (related to buoyancy) combining
with an Indian water timing device(called ghati), an Indian
elephant, an Indian phoenix, Arabian figures, a Persian
carpet and Chinese dragons to prepare this great
invention. The figure on the top of the Castle is thought to
be Saladin included as a sign of respect to the great leader.
The circles on the dial behind the top of this Saladin’s
figure hold the time, as they filled half by half as half hour
passed which would tell the time like this way.
It is also another invention made by
Al-Jazari. The crank mechanism, connecting rod,
programmable automaton, humanoid robot,
reciprocating piston engine, suction pipe, suction
pump, double-action pump, valve, combination
lock, cam, camshaft, segmental gear, the first
mechanical clocks driven by water and weights.
It resulted in todays modern digital weighing
machine which would not have been possible
without its invention.
Taqi Al-Din was born in Damascus in 1525. He was described by his contemporaries
as the greatest Scientist/Engineer on earth. He has written 19 books so far. Among
the explanations made by him in his books, the concept of six cylinder pump is
mentionable.
The devices of puzzles like rubik’s cube, tic tac toe and
many other ones which have become recreational games
for many people have could have not progressed further
without the contribution of Muslims. Three brothers,
Muhammad Ibn Musa Ibn Shakir, Ahmed Ibn Musa Ibn
Shakir and Al-Hasan Ibn Musa Bin Shakir,also known as
Banu Musa brothers have invented various trick devices
which, would some would say, are a precursor to executive
toys. The brothers peers obsession by designing and
making trick inventions and their Book of Ingenious Devices
lists over a hundred of them. They were actually the
beginners of mechanical technology. One of their
mentionable invention can be said The Flask with two spouts
Ninth century polymath Al-Kindi first laid down the down the foundations of modern day
optics by questioning the Greek theries of vision. He said, “How we see , our visual cone, is
not formed of duscrete rays as Euclid had said, but appeared as a volume, in 3D, of continuos
radiations.” Sixteenth century Italian physician and mathematician Geronimo Cordano said that
“Al-Kindi was on of the twelve giant minds of history because he discussed how light rays
came in a straight line,sight with and without a mirror, and the influence of distance and angle
on sight including optical illusions.”
He was also a Mathematician,Astronomer, Physician and Chemist, but
his Book of Optics has formed the foundations for the science of optics..
Famously known as Magnum Opus , it discussed the nature of light, the
physiology and mechanism of sight, the structure and anatomy of the
eye, reflection and refraction, and catoprics.
All of these theories stated by him has paved the way of invention of
modern optical devices like digital camera , telescope, microscope etc.

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