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International Coastal Resilience Symposium

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mérida, June 19-21, 2019

Social perception with perspective of Gender of the

Carmen-Pajonal-Machona lagoon system
in the face of Climate Change
Magdalena Lagunas-Vázques, CCGS-CONACYT,
Jhenifer del Carmen Hernández Occegueda, UJAT,
Alejandro López Lázaro, UJAT,

1 1. Introduction

The main purpose of the research is to identify the social perception of Climate Change (CC) with a gender perspective in four
human locations adjacent to the lagoon system Carmen-Pajonal-Machona. The data that exist so far, regarding CC that takes
into account the differences between sexes, indicated that the priorities of women related to climate protection may be different
from those of men.

2. Methodology
3. Results
In order to know people's perception of Climate Change,
Among the main results was observed that more than 80% of
210 interviews were conducted in four coastal towns in the
the people interviewed were born in the area; the older adult
municipality of Cárdenas, Tabasco. Cárdenas is one of the
population has lived in the area for more than 50 years; more
municipalities with the highest vulnerability to Climate
than 90% perceive that natural resources have changed in
Change in Tabasco (INECC, 2013). The Semi-structured
time, and in general, are less abundant; more than 95%
interviews were applied to 115 women and 95 men of
perceive CC similarly between sexes (Figure. 1). The climatic
different ages (from 6 years to older adults). Data treatment
variables that they identify included extreme heat and intense
included sex segregation and gender analysis.
drought, as well as a distortion in the whether stations, that are
Drought M no longer predictable.
Drought W In the perception of the local inhabitants, the changes in the
landscape are reflected in the fact that more than 85% of the
people interviewed mention that they have noticed changes
Hot M
in the local landscape over time, the most observed changes
Hot W have to do with the coastal environment and these are:
Increased sea level, coastal erosion (beach lost), decrease of
coastal vegetation cover and coastal resources.
Rainfall M

Rainfall W
Figure 1. Percentage of perception of the women (W) and Men (M)
about climate variability
0 20 40 60 80 100
No/Little High/Extreme
The men interviewed mentioned the modification of the lagoon system and a lower oyster production. They
also mentioned 19 fishing resources and women mentioned 15. Women recognized more local vegetation,
they mentioned six wild species and 13 cultivated species; men recognized seven wild species and six
cultivable species. People mentioned more than 20 marine-coastal resources of use. More than 70% of the
adult population interviewed identified themselves as fisherman/remover to conch of ostyer/farmer.
4. Conclusions and final prospects
The differences of perception between men and women with respect to the topics of natural resources,
local landscapes, biodiversity, threats and mitigation measures in the face of Climate Change was evident.
Livelihoods are 100% related to adjacent nature and marine-coastal resources. The coastal-marine
environment is undergoing a climatic variability, and in addition, a multifactorial coastal modification, which
makes human life in the area very vulnerable.
Acknowledgements: To the CONACYT Cathedra programme. To the Center for Global Change and Sustainability A.C. To the National Laboratory of Coastal Resilience LANRESC. To all the people who
collaborated with us in the research on social perception offering us their information, their time, spaces and kindness. To the local institutions of the villas of the Sánchez Magallanes, junior high school
through virtual means Sinaloa 2, and the high school of Sánchez Magallanes. With gratitude for the support provided in the field : Sury J. Rivera Servin, Keyla Hernández López, Ernesto García Pérez. Isaí
Hernández López representative of the Oyster Cooperatives of Sánchez Magallanes.