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Acupuncture

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What is
Acupuncture
A method of encouraging the body to promote natural healing and to
improve functioning. This is done by inserting needles and applying heat or
electrical stimulation at very precise acupuncture points.
A complementary medical practice that entails stimulating certain points on
the body, most often with a needle penetrating the skin, to alleviate pain or
to help treat various health conditions.
A pseudoscience because the theories and practices of TCM are not
based on scientific knowledge, and it has been characterized as
quackery.

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PRINCIPLES
The principle of acupuncture involve a
knowledge of how qi and blood flow through
the meridians and organs and how to improve
flow using the insertion of needles at certain
points.

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The theory and practice of
acupuncture originated in China. It
was first mentioned and recorded in
documents dating a few hundred
years before the Common Era.

Earlier instead of needles sharpened


stones and long sharp bones were
used around 6000 BCE for
acupuncture treatment. These
instruments could also have been
used for simple surgical procedures
like lancing an abscess etc.

Acupuncture developed over the next


few centuries and gradually became

H I S T O RY one of the standard therapies used in


China. It was complemented and
supported by use of massage, diet,
herbs and heat therapy or
moxibustion.

It was in the fifteenth century that


Bronze statues with acupuncture
points that are in use today were
depicted. These were used for
teaching and examination purposes.
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H OW D O E S
ACU PU NCTU RE WORK?
The tradition of acupuncture theory believes that energy flows within
the human body and this energy can be channelized to create
balance and health. This energy flow is called qi and pronounced
“chee”.

Acupuncture theory believes that this qi moves throughout the body


along 12 main channels known as meridians. These meridians
represent the major organs and functions of the body. These
meridians however do not follow the exact pathways of nerves or
blood flow.

The modern scientific explanation is that needling the acupuncture


points stimulates the nervous system to release chemicals in the
muscles, spinal cord, and brain. These chemicals will either change
the experience of pain, or they will trigger the release of other
chemicals and hormones which influence the body's own internal
regulating system.

The improved energy and biochemical balance produced by


acupuncture results in stimulating the body's natural healing abilities,
and in promoting physical and emotional well-being.
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Usually not. As energy is redirected in the body,
internal chemicals and hormones are stimulated
and healing begins to takeplace. Occasionally the
original symptoms worsen for a few days, or other
general changes in appetite, sleep, bowel or
ARE THERE
urination patterns, or emotional state may be
triggered. These should not cause concern, as they
ANY SIDE
are simply indications that the acupuncture is
starting to work. It is quite common with the first one
EFFECTS TO
or two treatments to have a sensation of deep
relaxation or even mild disorientation immediately
THE
following the treatment. These pass within a short
time, and never require anything more than a bit of
TREATMENT
rest to overcome.
?

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DO'S AND DONT'S DURING
THE TREATMENT

 Do not eat an unusually large meal immediately before or  Continue to take any prescription medicines as directed
after your treatment. by your regular doctor. Substance abuse (drugs and
 Do not over-exercise, engage in sexual activity, or alcohol) especially in the week prior to treatment, will
consume alcoholic beverages within 6 hours before or seriously interfere with the effectiveness of acupuncture
after the treatment. reatments.
 Plan your activities so that after the treatment you can  Remember to keep good mental or written notes of
get some rest, or at least not have to be working at top what your response is to the treatment. This is
performance. This is especially important for the first few important for your doctor to know so that the follow-up
visits. treatments can be designed to best help you and your
problem

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USES OF
ACUPUNCTURE

These include:
The NCCIH note that it has been proven to help in cases of:
 high and low blood pressure
 chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
 low back pain  some gastric conditions, including peptic ulcer
 neck pain  painful periods
 osteoarthritis  dysentery
 knee pain  allergic rhinitis
 headache and migraine  facial pain
 morning sickness
In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) listed a  rheumatoid arthritis
number of conditions in which they say acupuncture has  sprains
been proven effective.  tennis elbow
 sciatica
 dental pain
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 reducing the risk of stroke
Template  inducing labor
MEDICAL ACUPUNCTURE
Acupuncture is a very old medical art, and there are
many approaches to learning and practicing it. Medical acupuncture is a system which can
Medical acupuncture is the term used to describe influence three areas of health care:
acupuncture performed by a doctor trained and
licensed in Western medicine who has also had  promotion of health and well-being,
thorough training in acupuncture as a specialty  prevention of illness,
practice. Such a doctor can use one or the other  treatment of various medical conditions.
approach, or a combination of both as the need
arises, to treat an illness.
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Results from a number of studies suggest that acupuncture may help ease types of pain
that are often chronic such as low-back pain, neck pain, and osteoarthritis/knee pain. It
also may help reduce the frequency of tension headaches and prevent migraine
headaches. Therefore, acupuncture appears to be a reasonable option for people with
chronic pain to consider. However, clinical practice guidelines are inconsistent in
recommendations about acupuncture.

The effects of acupuncture on the brain and body and how best to measure them are only
beginning to be understood. Current evidence suggests that many factors—like
expectation and belief—that are unrelated to acupuncture needling may play important
roles in the beneficial effects of acupuncture on pain.

H E A LT H C A R E
PROFESSIONALS'
PERCEPTION ABOUT
ACPU NCTU RE
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https://www.medicalacupuncture.org/For-Patients/Articles-By-
Physicians-About-Acupuncture/Doctor-Whats-This-Acupuncture-
All-About

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/156488.php

https://www.news-medical.net/health/Acupuncture-History.aspx

https://nccih.nih.gov/health/acupuncture/introduction

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