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THE MONOHYBRID CROSS

FOLLOWING THE
INHERITANCE OF ONE TRAIT
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID
• ALLELE
• DOMINANT
• RECESSIVE
• HOMOZYGOUS
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
CROSSING TWO PLANTS
PARENTS TALL X SHORT

OFFSPRING ALL TALL


TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE
• DOMINANT
• RECESSIVE
• HOMOZYGOUS
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
ADD THE SYMBOLISM
PARENTS TALL X SHORT
TT tt

OFFSPRING ALL TALL


Tt
EGGS AND POLLEN???
PARENTS TALL X SHORT
TT tt
T GAMETES t

OFFSPRING ALL TALL


Tt
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT
• RECESSIVE
• HOMOZYGOUS
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE
• HOMOZYGOUS
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE – Trait that can hide
• HOMOZYGOUS
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
THE PUNNETT SQUARE

GAMETES GO
HERE
THE PUNNETT SQUARE

OFFSPRING
GO HERE
THE PUNNETT SQUARE

T T

t Tt Tt

t Tt Tt
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE – Trait that can hide
• HOMOZYGOUS – Has the same alleles
• HETEROZYGOUS
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE – Trait that can hide
• HOMOZYGOUS – Has the same alleles
• HETEROZYGOUS – Has different alleles
• GENOTYPE
• PHENOTYPE
CROSSING TWO OFFSPRING
PARENTS TALL X TALL

OFFSPRING ???????
EGGS AND POLLEN???
PARENTS TALL X TALL
Tt Tt
T t GAMETES T t
POTENTIAL FOR DIFFERENT
OFFSPRING
PARENTS TALL X TALL
Tt Tt
T t GAMETES T t

OFFSPRING
TT TALL
POTENTIAL FOR DIFFERENT
OFFSPRING
PARENTS TALL X TALL
Tt Tt
T t GAMETES T t

OFFSPRING
Tt TALL
POTENTIAL FOR DIFFERENT
OFFSPRING
PARENTS TALL X TALL
Tt Tt
T t GAMETES T t

OFFSPRING
tt SHORT
THE PUNNETT SQUARE

T t

t
THE PUNNETT SQUARE

T t

T TT Tt

t Tt tt
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE – Trait that can hide
• HOMOZYGOUS – Has the same alleles
• HETEROZYGOUS – Has different alleles
• GENOTYPE – GENE TYPE (the letters)
• PHENOTYPE
TODAY’S BIG WORDS
• MONOHYBRID – Following one trait
• ALLELE – One form of a gene
• DOMINANT – Trait that always shows up
• RECESSIVE – Trait that can hide
• HOMOZYGOUS – Has the same alleles
• HETEROZYGOUS – Has different alleles
• GENOTYPE – GENE TYPE (the letters)
• PHENOTYPE – WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE
PHENOTYPES

T t

TT Tt
T
tall tall
Tt tt
t
tall short
GENOTYPES

T t

TT Tt
T Homozygous
Heterozygous
dominant

Tt Tt
t Heterozygous
Homozygous
recessive