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Additional Points for Study

Sustainable Development:
• In 1987, the United Nations released the Brundtland Report, which
included what is now one of the most widely recognized definitions:
"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of
the present without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs."

• The United Nations 2005 World Summit Outcome Document refers


to the "interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars" of
sustainable development as economic development, social
development, and environmental protection.
• Renewable energy utilizes resources that are replenished by
mother nature and does not emit harmful green house
gases or other pollutants during its operation. Thus, it
promotes sustainable development.
RE Targets of Few Countries
Country Targeted share of electricity Targeted renewable power installed capacity
generation from renewable
sources
Algeria 27% by 2030 1 GW from bio-power; 15 MW from
geothermal power; 13.5 GW from solar PV; 2
GW by concentrated solar power; 5 GW from
wind power by 2030
Bhutan 100% by 2050 5 MW from bio-power; 5 MW from solar PV; 5
MW from wind power by 2025

Brazil 23% by 2030 18 GW from bio-power; 125 GW from


hydropower; 24 GW from wind power; 7 GW
from solar by 2024
China No declared target 340 GW from hydropower; 110 GW from solar
power; 210 GW from wind power by 2020
Denmark 50% by 2020 No declared target
100 % by 2050

Finland 33% by 2020 13.2 GW from bio-power; 14.6 GW from


hydropower; 884 MW from wind power by
2020
Germany 40-45% by 2025 100 MW addition per year from bio-power; 2.5 GW
55-60% by 2035 addition per year from solar PV; 2.5 GW addition per
80% by 2050 year from wind power (onshore); and 6.5 GW from
wind power (offshore) by 2020
India 40% by 2030 100 GW from solar power; 60 GW from wind power;
10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from hydropower
(small-scale) by 2022
Japan 24% by 2030 1.5 GW from ocean power (wave and tidal) by 2030

Mexico 35% by 2024 20 GW from renewable power by 2030, of which 10


50% by 2050 GW from wind power
South Africa 9% by 2030 17.8 GW from renewable power by 2030

Turkey 30% by 2023 1 GW from bio-power; 1 GW from geothermal power;


34 GW from hydropower; 5 GW from solar PV; 20 GW
from wind power by 2023
United Kingdom No declared target 39 GW from wind power (offshore) by 2030

Yemen 15% by 2025 6 MW from bio-power; 200 MW from geothermal


100% by 2050 power; 4 MW from solar PV; 100 MW from
concentrated solar power; 400 MW from wind power
by 2025
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