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PRESENTED BY : SADAF SHAFI

SECOND YEAR BDS


 General Characteristics of canine

 Maxillary canine
 Chronology
 Labial Aspect
 Lingual Aspect

 Mandibular Canine
 Chronology
 Labial Aspect
 Lingual Aspect

 Difference B/W Maxillary And Mandibular Canine


GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF CANINE 13 12 11

The canines are distal to the lateral incisors


and are the third teeth from the midline.

There are four canines placed at the corner of


the mouth and hence called the ‘corner stones’
of the dentition

They have a single pointed cusp (also called


cuspids)

They are most stable and mostly remain in oral


cavity ( after loss of teeth) due to more
labiolingual thickness of crown and root and
anchorage in alveolar process of jaws
 The middle labial lobes have been highly
developed incisally into strong well formed
cusps

 Canine guidance = shape and position of


canine contribute to guidance of teeth into
intercuspal position by canine guidance D M

 Canine eminence. : A prominence on the


surface of the superior maxillary bone caused
by the socket of the canine tooth.which help
to support facial muscles

 Functions= in functions they support


incisors and premolars(makes for a smooth
transition)
• First evidence of calcification : 4 – 5 months
• Completion of crown : 6 – 7 years
• Eruption : 11 – 12 years
• Completion of root : 13 – 15 years
THE CROWN
• The geometric outline of the crown is
pentagonal.
• Mesial outline: usually convex from the
cervical line to the mesial contact area.
• Distal outline: usually concave between
the cervical line and the distal contact
area.
• Incisal outline: distinct pointed tip called
a cusp. This cusp has a mesial and distal
slopes. The mesial slope is shorter than
the distal slope. Both slopes show a
tendency toward concavity
• Cervical line: convex toward the root M D
THE CROWN

Contact area:
• Mesial: Nearly at the junction of the middle and incisal thirds
of the crown, closer to the cusp tip than is the distal contact
point.
• Distal: In the middle third. Usually it is in the middle of the
middle third. It is more cervically located than the mesial
contact area.
THE CROWN
Labial surface:
• The labial surface is convex both
mesiodistally and inciso-cervically.
• ELEVATIONS:
Cusp: usually on a line with the center of
the root
Labial ridge: vertical promenent ridge
runs from the tip of the cusp toward the
cervical margin
• DEPRESSIONS:
Two developmental grooves: shallow
longitudinal developmental depressions
“grooves” lie mesial and distal to the
labial ridge
THE ROOT

• The single root is long, slender, and


conical with a pointed apex.

• Its labial surface is smooth and


convex at all points.

• The apical third is curved in a


mesial or distal direction, in most
M D
cases distally.
THE CROWN

• The crown is narrower lingually


than labially.

• ELEVATIONS:
Cingulum
Lingual ridge
Marginal ridges

• DEPRESSIONS:
Two lingual fossae

D M
THE CROWN

Cingulum
• The cingulum is large, and
sometimes is pointed like a cusp in
the center.

Lingual ridge
• It is a prominent vertical ridge runs
from the cusp tip to the cingulum.

• Canines are the only teeth that have


a prominent lingual ridge. D M
THE CROWN

Marginal ridges:
• Mesial and distal marginal ridges
• The mesial marginal ridge is longer
than the distal marginal ridge because
of the
shorter mesial cusp slope
the location of the mesial contact area.
Lingual fossae:
• On each side of the lingual ridge a
mesial and distal lingual fossae are
present. These fossae are usually
shallow
• First evidence of calcification : 4 – 5 months
• Completion of crown : 6 – 7 years
• Eruption : 9 – 10 years
• Completion of root : 12 – 14 years
THE CROWN
The mesial outline:
• is nearly straight from the cervical line
to the mesial contact area, then
continues to the cusp slope.
• It is nearly in line with the mesial side
of the root and does not project or
bulge beyond the root outline.
The distal outline:
• Is slightly concave in the cervical third,
then, it becomes convex incisally.
• The distal outline is shorter than the
mesial outline. M D
THE CROWN
 The incisal outline:
• Cusp slopes form a more obtuse angle
than those of maxillary canine.
• The cusp is less pointed than that of
maxillary canine.
• The mesial slope of the cusp is shorter
than the distal slope, more so than on
maxillary canine.
• The distal cusp slope slopes more
severely in an apical direction compared
to mesial
 Cervical line: convex toward the root M D
THE CROWN
 Contact area:
• Mesial: In the incisal third just below the mesioincisal angle .

• Distal: At the junction of the middle and incisal thirds, more


cervically located than the mesial contact area
THE CROWN

Labial surface:
• The labial surface is smooth and convex
• ELEVATIONS:
Cusp: usually on a line with the center of
the root
Labial ridge: not as prominent as on the
maxillary canine.
• DEPRESSIONS:
Two developmental grooves: not
prominent as on the maxillary canine.

• The incisal third of the crown is slightly


flattened mesial and distal to the labial ridge.
THE ROOT

• The root is shorter than that


of the maxillary canine.

• Its apical end is more sharply


pointed.

• The root is convex on the


labial surface.
M D
THE CROWN

• The crown is narrower


lingually than labially.

• The lingual surface of the


crown resembles those of the
Mandibular incisors in being
smooth but faint lingual ridge
is running from the cusp tip to
the cingulum.
D M
THE CROWN

• The cingulum is poorly


developed

• The marginal ridges are not


prominent.

• The mesial marginal ridge is


longer and straighter than the
shorter and curved distal
marginal ridge D M
MAXILLARY CANINE MANDIBULAR CANINE
LABIAL ASPECT LABIAL ASPECT
•Crown wider mesiodistally •Crown narrower mesiodistally
•Cusp angle sharper, more acute •Cusp angle more blunt
•Mesial cusp ridge shorter than distal •Mesial cusp ridge much shorter than
•More pronounced distal,cusp ridge almost horizontal
labial ridge •Less pronounced labial ridge
•More pointed root tip •More blunt root tip
MAXILLARY CANINE MANDIBULAR CANINE
LINGUAL ASPECT LINGUAL ASPECT

•Lingual marginal ridges more •Lingual marginal ridges less


pronounced pronounced
•Prominent lingual ridge and fossae •Less prominent lingual ridge and
fossae
•Cingulum is centered •Cingulum is toward distal