Sunteți pe pagina 1din 10

REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD STAIR

• Means of vertical transportation.


• Should provide easy, quick & safe mode of
communication between the floors.
1. LOCATION :
• Easy access to occupants of building.
• Should be well lighted & ventilated.
• Should be convenient and spacious.

2. WIDTH OF STAIR :
• Wide enough to carry user without crowd.
• Depends on its location is in building & type of
building.
• Domestic Building - 90 cm
• Public Building - 1.5 to 1.8 m
3. LENGTH OF FLIGHT :
• Should be comfortable enough.
• Not more than 12 & not less than 3 steps.
4. PITCH OF STAIRS :
• The pitch of the stairs should match with the
French Theory.
• French Theory:-" The labour of moving vertically
is about twice that of moving horizontally, if the
avg. Human stride is taken as 23 inches.
• Inches : 2× rise+ going= 23°
• Cm: 2× rise+ going= 60°
5. Head Room :-
• Distance between tread & soffit of the flight
immediately above it should not be less than
2.1 to 2.3 m.
6. Balustrade :-
• A balustrade is a row of small columns topped by a
rail.
• Should be always provided to open well stairs for
safety of users.
7. STEP DIMENSIONS :-
• Dimensions of rise and going should be such
that the users should be comfortable with it.
• Optimum proportion so as to provide
desirable pitch of the stairs.
• Going should not be less than 25 cm.
• Rise should be between 10-15 cm.
• Width of landing should not be less than width
of stairs.
8. MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION :
• Should possess required qualities as per
condition.
• The material used for construction of stairs
should be such as to provide :-
 Sufficient strength
 Fire resistance
LIFT
• An elevator or lift is a vertical transport vehicle that
efficiently moves people or goods between floors
of a building.
• They are generally powered by electric motors that
either drive traction cables and counterweight
systems, or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a
cylindrical piston.
ESCALATOR
• An escalator is a type of vertical transportation in
the form of a moving staircase which carries people
between floors of a building.
• It consists of a motor-driven chain of individually
linked steps on a track which cycle on a pair of
tracks which keep them horizontal.
RAMP
• Ramps are sloped pathways used both inside and
outside buildings used to provide access between
vertical levels.
• Ramps provide an alternative to stairs for
wheelchair users, people with mobility issues and
people with prams, bicycles and other wheeled
items.