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Female Reproductive System

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Ovaries

svaiero
Estrogen

gsetorne
Vagina

avgian
Ovary

vryao
Cervix

xcriev
Clitoris

sirtrolic
Urethra

threuar
Uterus

treuus
Ovaries
 female reproductive structures
responsible for producing eggs
 located inside the abdominal
cavity located just slightlyelow the
waist.
 produce hormones - estrogen,
responsible for the development
of secondary female
characteristics.
General Physical Changes
 Axillary& pubic hair growth
 Changes in body conformation
[widening of hips, development
of breasts]
 Onset of first menstrual period
[menarche]
 Mental changes
Egg Production
 all females are borm with
approx. 200 million egg cells
they will produce in their life
time.
 egg cell contains 23
chromosomes
 out of 400,000 only 300 to 500
will mature and then called as
ova (sing. ovum)
After 28 days, an ovum is
released in an adult female
body.
Cilia - sweep the ovum into
either fallopian tubes or
oviducts.
Fallopian tubes [uterine tubes]
passageway through which
an ovum moves from ovary
to the uterus
takes 3-4 days for the ovum
to travel inside the fallopian
tube.
if not fertiized at this stage, it
will die within 24 to 48 hours.
Vagina
this is where the sperm
cells are deposited during
sexual intercourse.
passage that leads from
the outside of the female/s
body to the entrance of the
uterus called cervix.
Uterus
hollow,fist sized
muscular organ
where the zygote
implants itself.
Hormones and the
menstrual cycle
Ovarian vs Menstrual Cycle
Ovarian Menstrual
 involves the  involves the
ovary uterus
 grooms the
 prepares the
uterus for a
egg for
possible
maturation implantation and
later on
pregnancy
Ovarian Cycle
 refers to the series of changes
in the ovary during which the
follicle matures, the ovum is
shed, and the corpus luteum
develops.
 Ovulation - monthly release of
an ovum from the ovary
 Ovarian Cycle spans about 28
days,
Menstrual Cycle
 occurs in the uterus to prepare for
implantation
 normal menstual cycle last for 28 days.
 Menstruation - process by which a
mixture of blood and discarded tissues
leaves the body through vagina.
 Occurs 14 days after ovulation