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MAX-NG OVERVIEW and NGN

SERVICES
MAXNG solution is based on de-linking call processing and service logic
functions in the MAX DSS systems from media paths and moving them out to an
external Soft Switch. The Class 5 module implements Local Exchange functions,
while the Class 4 module implements the Tandem functions. All calls are presented
to the Soft Switch as SIP based calls. The Digital Trunk Media and the SS7
functionalities are also not retained in the switch and are performed by the
specially defined NGN nodes viz Trunk Media Gateway and the Signaling Gateway.
All the access nodes of MAXNG system interact with the centralized node- Soft
switch, in standard SIP protocol. The media (data, voice & video) and its associated
signaling messages are carried in the form of IP packets in the network.
The nodes/components of MAX-NG system are are
Soft Switch ( Class IV )
Soft Switch ( Class V)
Session Border Controller (SBC)
Signalling Gateway (SG)
Trunk Media Gateway (MG)
Line Access Gateway (LAG)
V5 Access Gateway (V5AG)
PRI Gateway (PRIAG)
Ethernet to E1 Bridge Main Card (EBM)
Rating Engine (RE)
IP-DSLAM
Integrated Element Management System (IEMS)
Router
Access Gateways

a) Line Access Gateway Unit


The Line Access Gateway is implemented by upgrading on existing C-DOT MAX
(Main Automatic Exchange) by connecting their Terminal Units (TU) to in-house
developed NGTJ (NGN Gateway Card) module which shall act as Gateway (Line
Access Gateway Unit) for interfacing to IP network. LAG module shall be capable of
converting time division multiplexed (TDM) voice circuits to IP packets and vice-
versa. These IP packets shall be delivered over Ethernet links to IP network for
interconnection to other networks. The LAG hardware thus comprise of basically
two major units. One is existing TU hardware and other one is NGTJ card working
as LAGU.
The bulk part of existing DSS-MAX hardware is Terminal Unit (TU) hardware in
which subscribers lines are connected. In the configuration of a single BM, 16 such
Terminal Units (Four PTUs with each PTU connected with three CTUs in daisy chain
mode) are present. TU hardware part of existing MAX exchanges shall be retained.
Access Gateways
Central Access Control Unit
The MAX-NG Central Access Control Unit (CACU) Chassis is custom designed
Telco grade Card Frame integrating all standalone units into single Chassis for
easing the migration from MAX exchanges to MAX-NG and subsequent
maintenance of the migrated nodes by the BSNL staff.
One CACU Chassis will be located in the existing MAX exchange racks and is
powered from the same dual bus bars as other units in the MAX exchange.
Apart from the pair of redundant Shelf Management and Controller slots for
housing the Shelf Manager (SLM) cards, there are 6 slots in the CACU Chassis as
given below:

Four Universal slots housing pair of NGTJ and EBM cards


Two Aggregation slots for housing the MAX-NG Layer2 Switch (MLS) cards

The NGN Gateway Card is a flexible and versatile hardware designed to support
gateway functionality between PSTN and IP networks. It has a processor that
handles all signalling related information while the DSP supports various kinds of
transcoding, voice packetisation, tone generation, detection etc.
Central Access Control Unit
The NGTJ card can be configured as single or multiple gateways amongst the
followings:

1 . Signalling Gateway
2. Trunk Media Gateway
3. V5 Access Gateway
4. PRI Access Gateway
V5 Access Gateway
The V5 subscribers in AN-RAX architecture are connected through AN (Access
Network), to MAX, where a standard protocol V5.2 works in between Access
Network and CDOT MAX. The objective of the V5 Access Gateway is to transport
the V5 signaling from TDM network to IP network. V5 Access Gateway has two
logical / functional components:
V5 Signaling Gateway
Media Converter
V5 Access Gateway
PRI Access Gateway

PRI Access Gateway is used to support ISDN PRI calls in IP network. The PRI Access
Gateway will be connected to ISDN PBX at one end and Soft
Switch at the other end. The ISDN PRI calls coming from the ISDN PBX to PRI Access
Gateway will be forwarded to the Soft Switch and vice-versa. There will be 2.048
Mbps connectivity between an ISDN PBX and PRI Access Gateway. There will be IP
connectivity between PRI Access Gateway and Soft Switch.
PRIAG converts the Q931 calls to SIP based calls and forwards them towards Soft
Switch. The Media Converter is responsible for converting TDM media into IP
media (RTP) Streams and vice-versa. Gateway
Signalling Gateway
The SS7 unit on the trunk side of CDOT DSS is upgraded with signalling
Gateway function. The signalling gateway function includes SS7 STP functionality. It
serves as the gateway between the SS7 Signalling network and the nodes managed
by the Soft Switch in the IP network, under the control of a gateway controller. The
Signalling Gateway appears as an SS7 to Soft Switch, in a SS7 network. It handles
only SS7 signalling.
C-DOT SG functionality is distributed in SGP (server) & SGL2 (line card)
processes. SGP process (containing MTP3, M3UA & SCTP) will be running in active-
standby mode that is why two SGPs will have to be run on two SG servers. The
server will be deployed centrally at the MAX-NG core location, whereas the SGL2
will be deployed exchange wise in the NTGJ card. The SGL2 process (with MTP2
and MAC protocol layers) will be running in simplex mode, on the same NGTJ card
where SGP is running or in different NGTJ card. E1 lines carrying the SS7 signalling
messages terminate over the NGTJ card on which SGL2 process is running.
C-DOT signalling gateway line card is deployed in single NGTJ card in CACU,
supporting 32 E1s. One circuit in the E1 is used for the signalling, with rest of 30
channels in the E1 utilized for MGW circuits. For every direction, two signalling
links will be provided, distributed in two E1s in that direction, so that, if one E1 is
down, the signalling will be done over the other E1 signalling link.
Trunk Media Gateway
The Media gateway is connected to a PSTN exchange on one side and IP cloud on
the other. The IP end of the media gateway can be connected to other Media
gateway or other IP entities. Between the Media gateways voice is transmitted and
received using RTP protocols. The MGC (Media Gateway Controller) controls the
Media Gateway and H.248/Megaco is the protocol used between the MGC and the
MG.
Soft Switch
• Basic call control and call session functionality

• Application server /Feature Server functionality (subscriber features,


announcements)

• Intra and inter network call routing functionality.

• Media server functionality for mid call media related features.

• Accounting functionality

• Subscriber data base related functionalities

• Billing server functionality for CDRs and centralized billing.

• OSS agent functionality as an interface to 3-rd party OSS server.


Session Border Controller (SBC)

The Session Border Controller, as the name indicates, is


placed at the border of a network to control call
admission to that network. The main purpose of the SBC
is to protect the network from overload and malicious
call attacks. It also provides signaling protocol inter
working, media bridging etc.
CDOT SBC can be logically divided into SBC-SIG (Signaling
SBC) and SBC-MEDIA. The SBC-SIG controls access of VoIP
signaling messages to the core of the network and
manipulates the content of these messages.
Rating Engine
• Amount of usage (Duration of call)

• Destination of the call (land line)

• Origin of call/ Location of the caller (land line)

• Special charges (subscriber features)

• Subscriber type (Normal, Prepaid, PCO)


Growth of Telecom in India

• 1994 National Telecom Policy – 1994 announced


• Aug 1995 Kolkata became the first metro to have
a cellular network
• 1997 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
was setup
• 1999 Tariff rebalancing exercises gets initiated
• March 1999 National Telecom Policy – 99
announced
CACU Syste m
LAGU System
CACU CHESIS
LAGU & TU

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P P
P P
T C T T T C
S T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T S
I / U U I /
U C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C U
C I I I C I
I I
S S
P P
CACU CHESIS
CACU CHESIS
NGN SERVICES

1.Voice Telephone Services: NGN supports all existing


PSTN/ISDN/PLMN voice telephony services like Call
Forwarding, Call Waiting, 3-Way Calling, Calling number and
name Identification Presentation, Centrex services, various IN
services and other value aided services.
2. Multimedia Services: These services allow customers to
converse with each other while displaying visual
information.Multimedia services include video conferencing,
multimedia value added services, collaborative computing,
groupware, electronic white boarding etc.
3. Data Services: Data services establish real-time connectivity
between endpoints along with various data related value-added
features
NGN SERVICES

4. Messaging Services: NGN supports both real time and non-real time
messaging services for fixed and mobile networks. Some messaging
services are designed as real time and others are non-real
time(mailbox) service where the messages are stored and delivery at
a later time.
i) Unified Messaging: Unified Messaging facilitate the delivery of
voice mail, email, fax mail etc. through common interfaces.
ii) Instant messaging (IM): Instant messaging (IM) is a form of
real-time communication between two or more people based on
typed text.
iii) Chat: This facilitates real-time communication by means of text
between two terminal users who have already logged on.
iv) MMS and SMS: This facilitates near real time communication
by sending and receiving multimedia messages or text messages. .
NGN SERVICES

5.Push to talk over NGN (PoN): 'Push' operation refers to


service initiated data transmissions to members of a group.
Push-to-Talk, also referred to as PoC (Push-to-Talk over
Cellular) is built around VoIP (Voice over IP) technology.
6.Content delivery services: Content based services like music
and video on demand, radio streaming, gaming, financial
information distribution, professional and medical image
distribution, electronic publishing etc. can be provided to
customers.
7. Global Mobility Services: In NGN environment phone and
other devices user can travel from place to place. Global
Mobility Service provides global roaming and other location
based services for all types of wireless and wireline subscribers.
NGN SERVICES

8.Number Portability: Number Portability provides the end


users to retain existing directory numbers while moving
from one physical location to another or from one service
provider to another.
9.Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): Voice VPNs improve the
multiple location networking capabilities of businesses by
allowing large, geographically dispersed organizations to
combine their existing private networks with subsets of
PSTN, thus providing subscribers with uniform dialing
capabilities. Data VPNs provide added security and
networking features that allow customers to use a shared IP
network as a VPN.
NGN SERVICES

10.Voice Telephone Services: Broadcasting/ Multicast Services:


These Services involve transmission of data to many users
simultaneously, allowing efficient use of bandwidth, like
radio broadcast, TV broadcast. For example IPTV (Internet
Protocol Television) is used for delivering digital television
services using the Internet Protocol (IP) using wireline as
well as wireless broadband connections. The user terminals
might be a PDA, Laptop, mobile handset, TV etc
11.e-Commerce & m- Commerce
12.Remote control/tele-action services: These services are
used for home applications control, telemetry, electronic
voting, alarms etc
NGN SERVICES

13.Information Services/ Information Brokering: This


service is also called voice portal service. These services
include news, sport scores, weather, stock quotes,
advertisement
14.Call Center Services
15.Third party/OSA-based services: NGN provides open API
interface for third party or person to develop personalised
services: Third party/OSA-based services are applications
developed and provided by vendors outside the service
provider domain using IT technology and tools.
SERVICES PROVIDED BY SOFTSWITCH

1. Abbreviation Dialling
2.Absent Subscriber Service
3.Anonymous Call Rejection
4. Auto Call back
5.Automatic Alarm Ring Service
6. Call Hold
7.Call Forwarding Busy
8.Call Forwarding Immediate
9.Call Forwarding No Answer
10.Call Forward on Not Reachable (CFNR)
SERVICES PROVIDED BY SOFTSWITCH

11. Call Return


12. Caller ID
13. Call Waiting
14. Call Queue
15. Centrex/CUG
16. Hotline
17. Missed Call Notification (MCN)
18.Dynamic Lock
19. CCB
20. Voice Mail Box
SERVICES PROVIDED BY EXTERNAL
APPLICATION SERVER
1.Application sharing: Application Sharing
2.Call Notification
3.e-commerce/m-commerce
4.e-learning
5.Electronic white boarding
6.Instant Messaging
7.Location-based services
8.Multimedia conference
9. Music/Video On Demand
10. SMS/MMS Serives
THANK YOU